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HARRY MIDDLETON HYATT'S INFORMANTS

Men and Women of Hoodoo, 1936 - 1940

A research project by catherine yronwode

This web page is a supplement to my research into the folk-lore field work conducted among African-Americans by Harry M. Hyatt in the late 1930s. For a description of his work, see my introduction to Hyatt's five-volume collection of oral histories.

Hyatt did not attach the names of his informants to their statements, but some information about their identities and where they lived can be gleaned from his introduction and reminiscences in Volume One, and supplemented by internal references throughout the five volumes.

The information on this page is ***not complete*** and is being updated as i have free time. I am posting it on the web in this form for the benefit of those interested in hoodoo and also for the many people pursuing the subject of African-American genealogy, the latter because several people have expressed curiosity about whether their relatives were ever interviewed or mentioned by Harry M. Hyatt. If you have any data to ADD, it would be gratefully accepted and credited here. Primarily, if, you own a copy of Hyatt's 5-volume set and happen to run across names of individuals in their interviews or the magical works they describe, send them along to me and i will insert them in the appropriate place in the list.

My grateful thanks to Shaun O'Neill for contributing to this work. In 2015 he became the first volunteer to have joined me in this venture since it went online in 1996 -- and in 3 months, he has made 100 transcription summaries!


SORTING SYSTEM

The data on this page is sorted in the following order
location (with comments by Hyatt)
date (if known)
informant number (and name if known)
entry number (if given one by Hyatt)
page numbers (for interviews of professional workers)
cylinder recording number (if known)

LOCATION
sample: Snow Hill, MD

If Hyatt gave a location, it is stated, with his selected comments about the place, who his driver and/or "contact man" was, and where the interviews were conducted.

DATES
sample: February 22, 1937

Harry Hyatt's field work began March 12, 1936 and ended February 28, 1940. Most dates given here are from Hyatt's introduction in Volume One. Where dates are not given, there is no dating information known, but i have interpolated some approximate dates in [brackets]

INFORMANT NUMBER (AND NAME IF KNOWN)
sample: #106 - Mr. Melvin White (a cooper), husband of #105.

A number preceded by the hash-mark or pound-sign # indicates an informant's number; when this number is followed by [-], the hyphen in brackets indicates that part or all of the name of the informant is not known. Informant numbers run sequentially from #1 - #1,602. The names given are taken from Hyatt's introduction, occasionally bolstered by internal evidence i have gleaned from the informant's interview.

ENTRY NUMBER
sample: (entry 22)

Entry numbers indicate the number of an entry for a spell, charm, belief, or recipe. Entry numbers run sequentially from (1) to (13,458), and Hyatt organized them by topic, not by informant, location, or cylinder recording number.

When an informant gave more than one entry, i place the entries in the order of their cylinder recording numbers, to approximate the way the interview actually was conducted.

INTERVIEWS WITH PROFESSIONALS (PAGE NUMBERS)
sample: pages 2222 - 2222

Page number citations most often refer to interviews with professional root doctors, which were not entry-numbered but are designated by page numbers.

CYLINDER RECORDING NUMBERS
sample: (cylinder 2222:2)

Cylinder recording numbers run sequentially through several series of numbering schemes. Cylinder numbers can be used to help date entries and interviews.

Hyatt used two recording machines from 1936 - 1940, an Edison cylinder cutter, which he deemed unsatisfactory and soon replaced, and a Telediphone cylinder cutter, which proved reliable.

Edison cylinder transcriptions are marked ED and are not numbered, nor is the informant's regional speech pattern preserved. There were 85 Edison cylinder recordings. All are marked ED.

Telediphone cylinders were transcribed phonetically. They ran in five "series," A through E, and had numbers in their respective series, but they were also double-numbered sequentially, without reference to series, from [1] through [3016]. Thus a cylinder may be referred to as [1503] or as [B45 = 1503]. The cylinder number is generally given in two parts, separated by a colon -- e.g. [1130:7]. In this example, 1130 is the cylinder number and 7 indicates the 7th interview or section on that cylinder.

THE ROLE OF THE "CONTACT MAN"

I believe that very few, if any, interviews were conducted with people whom Hyatt believed to be mentally ill or blatantly drunk, and that the de-selection of such impaired informants was the business of Hyatt's series of "contact men," that is, his African American employees who pre-interviewed and sometimes also chauffered Hyatt and the candidates selected for recording. These "contact men" (and note that the one was a woman) were as follows, from 1936 - 1940:

* Julia [-] #1, Alma Hyatt's housekeeper in New York City, NY.
* Jerry Williams #13 of Ocean City, MD, a relative of Julia [-]
* Walter J. Maddox #125 of Princess Anne, MD, head waiter at a hotel. 
* Mr. [-] Gavin #??? of Wilmington, NC, husband of Carrie Gavin #???,  
	brother-in-law of Julia [-] #1, and relative of Jerry Williams #13.
* "Carter" #???? of Norfolk or Fredericksburg, VA, who drove Hyatt down into SC. 
* Edward Bufford Jr. #??? of Mobile, AL, an auto mechanic. 
* Mack Berryhill #??? of New Orleans, LA, a taxi driver, and 
* "Marshall"  of New Orleans, LA (Who may be the same as Mack Berryhill) 
The work of these "contact men" as gate-keepers and pre-interviewers was vital to the success of Hyatt's project, and therefore worthy of note in this compilation.

THE DENNIS-WILSON-WILLIAMS-GAVIN FAMILY

Three of Harry Hyatt's contact people were members of the same family -- the Dennis-Wilson-Williams-Gavin family of Maryland and New York City. They were

* Julia [-] #1, Alma Hyatt's housekeeper in New York City, NY.
* Jerry Williams #13 of Ocean City, MD, a relative of Julia [-]
* Mr. [-] Gavin #??? of Wilmington, NC, husband of Carrie Gavin #???,  
	brother-in-law of Julia [-] #1, and relative of Jerry Williams #13.		

The generous and willing help of all of the members of this large family of professional conjure doctors and home practitioners of rootwork -- and especially the help of Mary [-] Williams, who carried the family history from as long ago as 1830 in her head, and shared many conjure tales, folk magic remedies, and side-lights on life in the Pocomoke area with Hyatt -- is an inspiration to folklorists everywhere and has been a personal inspiration to me. Because the family connections are scattered throughout this "Informants" page, under the listings for individual interview contributors, they are obscured and blurred, so i have created a subsidiary page just to honour and bring forth what is known and what i have been able to uncover through genealogical research about the family. This material is on the

Hyatt Dennis-Wilson-Williams-Gavin Family Tree page.

And now, let us begin ...


New York City, NY

  March 12, 1936 - 

    #1 - Julia [-], Alma Hyatt's household manager.
    The story of how Julia [-], whose family was from Maryland's Eastern Shore, 
       came to live in New York and work as a "household manager" (arranging the 
       employment of domestic servants and overseeing financial management of the 
       household) is not yet known, but there are some hints scattered among the 
       interviews that Hyatt conducted in Worcester County, Maryland among members 
       of the Dennis, Wilson, Williams, and Gavin family. In addition to the 
       family members who were famed conjure doctors, several other members of 
       this family as well as their neighbors whom Hyatt interviewed in the area were 
       oystermen, or were employed in oyster packing plants, or were coopers who   
       hand-crafted the wooden barrels then used to transport fresh oysters to market. 
       According "Worcester County's AFrican American Heritage" by Paul Touart at 
       http://www.visitworcester.org/printables/Worcester_African-American_Heritage.pdf
       there were two waves of black northern emigration from the Snow Hill - 
       Princess Anne - Pocomoke region of Maryland to New York City: 
       1) "Several families residing near Snow Hill around 1830 relocated to a
       watermens' community known as Sandy Ground on New York's Staten Island.
       Members of the Hinman, Lambden, Bishop, Purnell, Robins and Johnson families 
       established new homes along the island's south coast, engaging primarily in 
       the oyster business they had known on the Eastern Shore." (The surname Purnell 
       is of interest here because it is a slave-owner surname, and one of Julia [-]'s
       relatives was Purnell Dennis, whose name would seem to indicate a connection 
       to the Purnell family as well as to the Dennis family.) 
       2) "As the Civil War drew near the numbers of manumitted or freed slaves grew 
       significantly in Worcester County. Several of these former slaves, as well as 
       some free blacks, left Worcester County in an effort to escape the hostilities 
       common before the war. [...] Snow Hill blacks are credited with establishing 
       the town of Snow Hill, New Jersey, later changed to Lawnside in 1907." 
    #2 - # 6 People brought in by Julia [-].
    #7 - Mrs. [-] Baker, brought in by Julia [-].
    #8 - #11 People brought in by Julia [-].
    #12 - Samuel Forman, an old man.

Ocean City, MD

  At this point, with Julia as a guide, Hyatt and ALma took a trip to Maryland. 
  In Ocean City the contact man was Jerry Williams (#13), a younger relative of 
  Julia's, probably her nephew; some of the entries from this trip were not recorded 
  by machine but taken "by hand" on the streets of MD, probably in April, 1936.

  In December, 1936, after having discarded the Edison machine, Hyatt returned with
  the new recording device, the Telediphone, and made a second interview with Jerry
  Williams #13, his helper; hence this is the one "cylinder" recording in this
  section.
  
  April, 1936 
   
    #13 Jerry Williams, contact man, a relative of the deceased root doctor George
    	Jackson Dennis; his mother was Mary Williams and his father was Elijah WIlliams.
        See also informants #102, #103, and #139, all in his family; the most
        complete information is at #139.
      	"I had interviewed him that summer (1936) at Ocean City, Md."
        (entry ?, [ED?])
		Later, testing the new Telediphone at Snow Hill, MD (see below): An account of George
		Jackson Dennis (originally told to Jerry by his "grandmother aunt" [great-aunt]) of
		how George Jackson cured Jerry's great-uncle Purnell Dennis of "live things" which
		Purnell got when poisoned in milk by a woman named Bettie. The spell involved a
		cathartic decoction taken orally, which George Jackson sang to as it boiled.
        Although Purnell was cured of this trick by his own brother, Jerry doesn't
        bother to mention that to Hyatt in his interview; presumably Hyatt already
        understood their family connections. Jerry's "grandmother aunt" would have 
        been the first sister of Purnell and George Jackson, who married a  Mr. Wilson,
        because otherwise she would have been his own grandmother, their second
        sister, who married Mr. Williams. 
        (entry 3094, cylinder 1:1)
    #14 [-] gives a crossroads story 
        (entry 349, cylinder [ED])
    #15 - #30
    #31 - [-] 
    	Graveyard dirt in box under house; use sinner's dirt for house protection.
		(entry 1318, cylinder [ED])
		Use graveyard dirt of deceased mother to stop her haunting her children.
		(entry 1307, cylinder [ED])
    #32 - #35 

Warrenton, VA
 
  April, 1936
  
    #36 - [-] discusses powdered serpents' heads 
        (entry 668, cylinder [ED])

Fredricksburg, King George Co, VA
   
    May, 1936

    #37 - [-] "man on train"; was a Pullman Porter encountered en route to 
        Fredericksburg, VA.
 		Man plagued by evil and restless spirits Reads bible backwards and prays to get rid of 
		the spirit.
		(entry 1118, cylinder 1906)

        (entry 2108)
    #?? - [-] wet shoes at noon, carry back to river at Full Moon to cause people to 
    	drown themselves. 
         (entry 5299, cylinder [ED])
    #38 - #80 - unaccounted for; MD or VA
    #81 - [-] French (Surname or nickname?)
    #82
    
  this sequence ends Hyatt's recording with the Ediphone and cylinders marked [ED].

-----
XXXXX confusing -- i will check and rework this section!!!
Virginia (?): a man named Carter was the contact man
------

Snow Hill, MD

  Hyatt began recording with the Telediphone, a much heavier cylinder-cutting machine. 
  Telediphone recordings have their own numbering system for cylinders. (See above.)

  December 4, 1936  (cited in Introduction) or December 14, 1936, Friday (cited on
  page 915) was the date of the first test recording, cylinder 1:1, a brief statement
  by Jerry Williams #13, the contact man. See informant #13 for the specifics of what
  Jerry said.

    #83 - [-] informant from Nansemond Co., Va. 
		  gives recipe for goofer dust 
          (entry 666, cylinder 1:8)
          black pepper in shoe keeps footprint from registering
          (entry 1123, cylinder 2:22)
    #84 - #85
    #86 - Mr. [-] Douglas, relative of #87, #88, #89, and #92 
    #87 - Mr. John A. Douglas
    #88 - Mrs. [-] Douglas, wife of #87
    #89 - Mrs. Laura Mills, the adult daughter of Mr. John A. Douglas #87 and Mrs. [-] 
    	  Douglas, #88.
          My research indicates that Laura F. Douglas Mills, born c. 1881 (55 years
          old when she was interviewed) was married to Joseph J. Mills, born c. 1880.
          At the time of the 1930 Federal Census, they had three children of their
          own in the home: Orphus R. Mills, Ella M. Mills, and James L. Mills; also
          with them was their granddaughter, Gwendolyn D. Annis. Joseph was an
          oysterman in a packing house; 19 year old Orphus worked in a barrel factory
          as a cooper.
    #90 - 
    #91 - Miss [-] Steele.
    #92 - Mr. [-] Douglas, a relative of Mr. [-] Douglas #86, Mr. John A. Douglas #87, 
    	  Mrs. [-] Douglas #88, and Mrs. Laura Mills #89 
		To protect from evil spirits take a horseshoe and hang it over your front door. 
		Then take a gourd, hollow it out and hang it over your bed. 
		(entry 1299, cylinder 7:1)
    #93 - [-] [or #92, according to Hyatt, who may have have made a transcription error.]
	#94 - #96
	#97 - [-]
		Women gets her husband back by taking black cloth doll and pinning about the front door 
		to her house and cursing at it whenever she walks through the door. She sends dressed 
		letters to her husband. On the night of full moon a women goes to a crossroads and pays 
		the "evil spirits." When the doll falls from over the door the husband returns seven or 
		nine days later. 
		(entry 197, cylinder 13:6) 
	#98

Saint James, MD
"A Negro settlement on Easter Shore, 5 miles from Pocomoke City, Md."

    #99 - [-] informant tells of a woman he knows who for 25 years, that is, since 
    	 1911, has sprinkled graveyard dirt toward people to protect herself and ward
    	 off racial prejudice. 
         (entry 1316, by hand)
    #100 - #101  
    #102 - Mr. Purnell Dennis, in his 70s, the great-uncle of Jerry Williams #13, 
    	 the brother of George Jackson Dennis, the deceased root worker (mentioned in
    	 entry 3092 etc.), and also related somehow (possibly through marriage) to
    	 Julia [-] #1, ALma Hyatt's household manager. George Jackson Dennis and
    	 Purnell Dennis were both born in slavery. Their owner was "John Hugh Dennis,
    	 father of Samuel Dennis, the former [pre-1936] Chief Justice of Baltimore."
    	 George Jackson Dennis died circa 1900 (entries 3093, 3104). For more detailed 
    	 family ties, see informant #139 (Purnell's niece by marriage, Mary Williams). 
         US Census records give Purnell Dennis' birth year as 1864, making him
         about 30 years younger than his brother George Jackson Dennis. His occupation
         was given as general farmer. He was listed in various reports as being
         either "Negro" or "Mulatto," meaning he was lighter-skinned than most blacks
         of his time and place. It is very likely that his father was the owner or
         another white member of the household that owned his mother. Today we would
         call him "biracial." 
    #103 - Mrs. Delia Dennis, in her 70s, wife of Purnell Dennis #102.
    	 Hyatt did not record Mrs. Denis's first name, but my research in US Census
    	 records reveals her to be Delia or Delie Dennis. she was born c. 1871.
    	 Purnell and Delia Denis had several children: Moses Dennis, Willie Dennis,
    	 Calvin Dennis, Louisa Dennis, Beulah Dennis, Pauline Dennis, and Fred
    	 Dennis. All members of this family were listed as of the "Mulatto" race,
    	 meaning that they were what we now called "biracial."
    #104 - Mrs. [-] Ward ("elderly").
    #105 - Mrs. [Gladys] White, wife of Melvin White #106. See under #109.
    #106 - Mr. Melvin White (a cooper), husband of #105. See under #109.
    #107 - Albert White (15 year old son of #105 and #106).See under #109.
    #108 - George White (data is confused; he is related to #105-#109,
         but #108 is elsewhere stated to be F. Milburne [Hyatt's typo?]).
    #109 - Melvin White, Jr.; son of #105 and #106. See under #109.
         My attempts to research the White family have been moderately successful. The
    	1940 Federal Census, taken 4 years after Hyatt's visit, does record a "Negro"
    	family near Crisfield or Somer's Cove, Maryland, about 5 miles west of
    	Pocomoke City, consisting of Melvin W. White (39 years old, born c. 1901),
    	his wife Gladys C. White (39 years old, born c. 1901), their son Melvin White
    	Jr. (14 years old, born c. 1926). There was also a daughter in the home,
    	Doris E. White (16 years old, born c. 1924), and two younger sons, Elvin
    	White (11 years old, born c. 1929) and Osborne White (9 years old, born c.
    	1931). Of Albert White, who would have been 19 years old by this time (born
    	c. 1921), there is no trace. He had either moved away or died by 1940. There
    	is also no George White in the house by 1940. All members of the household
    	had been living in the "same house" in 1935. They owned the home. In 1940,
    	Melvin W. White was no longer a cooper; he was a bus driver for the public
    	school system, as was his neighbor, Homer Harris, also listed as a "Negro."
    #110 - #124 

Princess Anne, MD

    #125 - Mr. Walter J. Maddox, a waiter in the town hotel who became a contact man; 
         he brought in #127, #129, #130, #133, and others in Princess Anne, MD.
         "Two years before becoming the priest of her [informant #825's] dream [in
         1938], I had been seen as a spirit of some sort in the dream of a man at
         Princess Anne, Md. I had appeared to tell him where he could find a
         treasure. (For the importance of dreams in treasure-hunting, see 418,
         p.125.) I did show him treasure - I made him my contact man for the town."
         (This note in Vol. 2, appended to the interview with informant #825, would
         seem to refer to Mr. Maddox, as he was the contact man for Princess Anne, MD.) 
         How a local conjure from Deal's island "specialized" in the "slobber"
         from the mouth of a corpse and got Maddox to help him dig for corpse slobber
         for use in luck-working tricks.
         (entry 821, cylinder 24:7)
         Tale of a conjure whose power came from his brother's skull and who was also
         a travelling stage-magician and hypnotist.
         (entry 820, cylinder 25:1)
         A crossroads story 
         (entry 347, cylinder 38.1)
         Hyatt did not give Mr. Maddox's first name, but my research found him in 
         the 1940 Federal Census, his occupation given as "head waiter, hotel." He was 
         born c. 1889 and was about 47 years old when Hyatt hired him. His wife was 
         Laura C. Maddox, born c. 1892. Their daughter was Charlotte or Charlotta Maddox, 
         born c. 1927. They lived at 253 Beckford Avenue and owned their own home. Their
         race was "Negro."
    #126 
    #127 - George Tilmer or Tilman, born 1850; 86 years old in 1936 (born c. 1850)
         (entry 3102).
         My research did not locate any black men named George Tilmer born in 1850 in
         any Federal Census, however, there were several black men named George Tilman
         born circa 1848-1859 in various places who were recorded in numerous Federal
         Census reports. There were too many for me to determine the correct one.`
    #128 
    #129 - Mr. J. Shrieve, the only white man interviewed 
         (entry 8).
         (Just a side-note: My research indicates that, according to the 1940 Federal
         Census, a white couple, Leonard and Daisy Shrieves, lived next door to
         Joshua Wilson, the next entry.)
    #130 - Mr. Joshua Wilson, "age 65" (born c. 1871). 
         He was a member of the Dennis - Wilson - Williams - Gavin family. 
         bury woman's nature at doorstep to keep other men away 
         (entry 1767, cylinder 34:1)
         bury rival's urine at his own doorstep in dripping bottle; keep him away
         from your woman: "crossing a man from a woman"
         (entry 1768, cylinder 33:3) 
         Jack made from a magnet (loadstone?) and woman's hair, kept by a man to
         forestall other men having sex with her
         (entry 3095, cylinder 34.3)
         All three entries relate to the work of the deceased root doctor George
         Jackson Dennis, whom Wilson calls his "Uncle." Wilson also relates that prior
         to George Jackson's death (in 1900) he acted as a chauffeur or taxi-man who
         drove clients out to see George Jackson). See informant #139 for more on 
         George Jackson Dennis.
         My research indicates that a black landscape gardener named Joshua Wilson,
         along with his wife Leah Wilson, appear in the 1900, 1920, 1930, and 1940
         Federal Censuses for Princess Anne, MD. Joshua was born circa 1871, as
         indicated by Hyatt. He and Leah married in 1893 and by 1900 they had two
         children, Martha Wilson (born March, 1894) and Caleb Wilson (born April,
         1898). Joshua's and Leah's parents were born in Maryland. In 1900, Joshua
         gave his occupation as a day laborer and Leah was a cook. By 1930, both
         Joshua and Leah gave their occupations as servants in a private household.
         The couple had a large family; their other children were Rose Wilson, Walter
         Wilson, Grace Wilson, Henry Wilson, Arthur Wilson, and Louise Wilson. Also
         living with them was Hallie Wilson (Henry's wife). Walter did auto repair,
         Henry worked in a general merchandise store, and Arthur worked in a hardware
         store; the daughters were unemployed. By 1940, only Walter and Rose remained
         in the home with their parents. Joshua was stil a landscape gardener, was a 
         cook in a private home, and Walter was a laborer in a canning factory, probably
         canning oysters.
    #131 - #132 
    #133 - Joe Dorman 
         (entry 8221)
         According to my research, the only black Joseph Dorman in Princess Anne,
         Maryland, who was listed in the 1930 Federal Census, was 47 years old (born
         in 1883 and 53 years old when Hyatt interviewed him). His wife was Susan
         Dorman (46 years old, born 1884). Their children were Albert Dorman, 27
         (born in 1903), and Lulu Dorman, 14 (born in 1916), and they also had two
         other children in their home -- Langston Jones, 13 (born in 1917) and
         Rebecca Stocker, 6 (born in 1924). Joe Dorman was a farm laborer; his 
         family rented their home at 137 Main Street. 

  Interviews were conducted in the church and in the home of
  Rev. and Mrs. John Burke and the home of Mrs. Mary Williams, #139.

    #134 - #138 
    #139 - Mrs. Mary Williams, widow of Elijah Williams, mother of contact man and
    	 chauffeur Jerry Williams #13, and niece by marriage of the deceased root
    	 worker George Jackson Dennis and his brother Purnell Dennis #102. 
    	 The history of George Jackson Dennis and his family, told by Mary Williams:
    	 George Jackson Dennis, Purnell Dennis #102, and their sister (who married a
    	 Mr. Williams and was the mother of Elijah Williams) were born in slavery at
    	 Cedar Hall farm near Pocomoke City, Md. Their owner, as noted by Hyatt, had
    	 been "John Hugh Dennis, father of Samuel Dennis, the former [pre-1936] Chief
    	 Justice of Baltimore." The rootworker and former slave George Jackson Dennis
    	 was born circa 1830 and died circa 1900 at age 70, but "youngified" in
    	 appearance; he was buried in Fairmount, Md. No children, no photographs
    	 extant in the family; he was gifted and could read the Bible.
         (entry 3092, cylinder 38.1)  
         Hyatt's "John Hugh Dennis" is a mistranscription of "John Upshur Dennis." 
		 The Dennis slave owners were descendents of Littleton Dennis Esq. (1728 - 
		 May 6, 1774). John Upshur Dennis (April 10, 1793 - December 23, 1851), the 
		 father of Chief Justice Samuel Dennis, owned 160 slaves in Worcester County,
         Maryland. See http://www.visitworcester.org/printables/Worcester_African-American_Heritage.pdf for
         pictures of some Dennis family slaves and the veve-like wrought iron work
         that they installed at the Dennis home to keep away evil spirits.
         A story about the 19th century root worker Zippy Tull, told by Mary Williams: 
		 The story begins with the enmity between Harriet Henderson and Emma Henderson; 
		 Harriet, a hoodoo practitioner, told Mrs. Williams' grandmother Liza [-] not
		 to give Emma any food. When Liza disobeyed and fed Emma, Harriet cut a
		 coffin-shaped piece out of Liza's underwear and took the measure of her foot
		 and put it in a graveyard. Liza fell sick in April, barking like a dog. By
		 August her husband James [-] (Mary's grandfather) decided to see the root
		 doctor Zippy Tull at Drummondtown, Virginia. James borrowed a horse from the
		 woman he worked for, Miss Liza Marle. Zippy Tull told him to find the cloth,
		 almost rotted (if it had rotted, Liza would have died), and she would "do
		 the balance." The cure worked; by September, Liza was picking apples in the
		 orchard. According to Mrs. Williams, Zippy Tull was deceased by 1936.
         (entry 3104, cylinder 38:2)
         As with the Dennis family, i have found a lot of information online about
         both the white Tull family and descendants of the African American Tull
         slaves in the DelMarVa area. There is no doubt in my mind that Zippy Tull
         existed, but her birth name was probably something more formal or Biblical.
         I suspect it was Zipporah. A far different account of Zippy Tull, painting
         her as a witch who was much feared and who performed evil works of magic and
         poisoning, appears in the journal of Etha Parsons Yohe (1875 - ?) of
         Parsonsburg, Wicomico County, Maryland, which was online as of October 2003
         at http://members.tripod.com/~astral/yohe.html. In the extracted portion of
         the journal, Etha, recalling events when she was 8 years old (that is, in
         1883) refers to Zippy Tull as "Old Zippy Tull," suggesting a birthdate for
         her in 1830 or earlier, contemporaneous with George Jackson Dennis.
         Drummundtown, VA, Zippy Tull's home town, is now known as Accomac, VA. The
         Tull Farm Slave Quarter is still extant in Pocomoke City, MD. The 1930 and 
         1940 census records show dozens of people with the surname Tull in the same
         area whose race was identified as "Negro."       
           Circa 1896, Mary Williams' mother, name unknown, then 40 years old, walked
         by a chimney and got a pain in her toe that led to paralysis, Doctor Quinn
         (an MD) could not cure her, so Elijah Williams and Mary Williams walked from
         Pocomoke to Fairmount to find Elijah's uncle, George Jackson Dennis. He said
         the trick was done by a short woman of light colour who had made a cut-tin
         effigy of Mary Williams' mother, with the foot cut off. and laid it at the
         base of the chimney, where the victim stepped over it. He told Elijah to
         return to Pocomoke, dig up the effigy before sunrise and bring it to him and
         he would "do the balance." Elijah found the mutilated cut-tin effigy, took
         it to George Jackson. His mother-in-law was cured and lived another 10 years.
         (entry 3093, cylinder 40:1)
      According to my research, Elijah Williams was born c. 1841 in Maryland. He,
         or someone of the same name, is listed in a Maryland slave schedule of 1850
         (it is an index-only record, so the name of his owner cannot be found). His
         much younger wife, Mary, who was 18 years his junior, was born in Maryland
         in 1869. They lived in Delaware in 1910. The difference in their ages would
         explain why Mary was able to tell Hyatt the stories of George Jackson Dennis
         and Zippy Tull, who had been born c. 1830. 
     #??? - [-] (# lost) A woman who consulted Aunt Dinah in Chattanooga, Tennessee;
          to capture a man, measure string around penis, bury in graveyard, dug up after 
          two days, gave back to client wrapped in red flannel and stuck with needles, 
          told her to hide it in the bed tick; man would stay with her and leave his wife.
          (entry 10237, cylinder 42:2)

Elizabeth City, NC

    #182 - [-] gives a crossroads story 
         (entry 333, no cylinder number noted)
          
Wilmington, NC

Mr. [-] (Benjamin) Gavin acted as contact man. Hyatt had met him through his
wife's household manager Julia [-] #1, who was Mr. Gavin's sister-in-law. "I
Interviewed in the Gavin home and had lunch there every day" (page 902). Here
Hyatt commenced the hiding of the microphone in his "old black hat." Also "the
dialect trouble began in Wilmington"; as he travelled farther south and
eventually west, Hyatt and his transcribers began having increasing difficulties
understanding their informants' speech. Burying the microphone under a hat
probably didn't help the clarity of the recordings, either!
	
	#183 - #189
	#190 - [-]
		A woman was tricked when a female rootworker was paid by a man to make her marry him. 
		After the marriage she got pains so bad she couldn't walk, so she went to a male rootwoker
		who diagnosed her condition and the cured her. He poured medicine on her head three times, 
		and each time he knocked her head, closed his eyes, and blew on her. Then knocked on her 
		back three times and she was cured. He told her to not go barefoot, to protect from conjure.
		(entry 1052, 92:6+85)
	#191 - #197, and among these were
    #??? - Carrie Gavin, sister of Julia [-]  #1; interviews held in her house. 
    	I am not certain, but Wilmington is the county seat of New Hanover County, NC, 
    	so she may be this Carrie Gavin, who died in 1938:
    	NAME:	Carrie Gavin
		RACE:	Negro (Black)
		AGE:	54
		DATE OF BIRTH:	1884
		DATE OF DEATH:	3 Aug 1938
		DEATH COUNTY:	New Hanover
		DEATH STATE:	North Carolina
		SOURCE:	NC State Archives. North Carolina Deaths, 1908-67 
	#??? - Mr. [-] Gavin, "her  husband, first name unremembered," (Benjamin) 
    	 the Wilmington, NC contact man, brother-in-law of Julia [-] #1.    	 
	#193 - [-]
		Woman dies from burning a doll that was fixed for her. She came home and found the doll in 
		her doorway and threw it the fire; three weeks later she caught fire herself and died. 
		(entry 1084, cylinder 98:1+850)
    #198 - [-] Probably a woman (says she cooked dinner); she lived on Campbell Street in 
		Wilmington, NC ("Twus my gate on Campbell Street where I lives at right in Wilmington. 
		At ten 'clock - I'm talkin' about mah ownself, at what I know on Campbell Street.") 
		Bluestone, sulphur, unspecified roots, victim's hair, buried at gate; causes victim to
		have weakness and to lay down every night at the same time; disposed of by burning in
		fire; victim cured, but woman who fixed it had to go to hospital to have her leg cut off.
        (entry 929, cylinder104:3)
    #199 - #201
    #292 - [-]
         Bury a piece of someone's underwear in a gaveyard; as it rots, they die.
         (entry 4758, cylinder 108:2)
    #293 - #213     
    #214 - [-] 
         Break stick on mother's grave to stop her haunting her children.
		(entry 1305, cylinder 205:4) [cylinder number seems wrong, out of order]
    #215 - #216
	#217 - [-]
		If you want to get a man back who truly loves you. You take a nail and drive it in above 
		the door the person left out of and every time before you go to be you m have call the 
		person's name nine times. say it like this, "Come back (name), I want you to come back."
		(entry 8664, cylinder 126:3+85)
		Write psalm 23 on a piece of paper and tie it up in a cloth; wear it on your skin and no 
		one can hurt you. 
		(entry 1262, cylinder 127:2+85)
	#218 - #223
    #?  - [-] filed in order of cylinder number.
		Take a photo and drive a nail through the center of the photo on the west side a tree and 
		when the sun goes down, the person's picture will fade away. 
		(entry 8379, cylinder 156:5+85)

  February 12, 1937

    #224 - Ethel Waters, born in Willard, NC, self-described as "a wise woman" or
    	 healer. Excerpt from interview in Volume Two, pages 1294 - 1295 Numbers Book
    	 136-317; Cylinder 215.
         (also entry 714, cylinder 215)
         My research indicates that she may be the same "colored" Ethel Waters living
         in Wilmington, NC, whose occupation was given as "laundress" in a 1930 city
         directory.
    #225 - #228
    #229 - Eddie [-] Surname unknown
    #230 - #240
    #241 - [-] 
         gives a crossroads story 
         (entry 363, cylinder 239.4)
         nine grains of bluestone in each corner to keep out witches
         (entry 488, cylinder 239:7)
         graveyard dirt and mockingbird nest to bring back lost lover
         (entry 7835, cylinder 164:4+85) [cylinder number seems wrong, out of order]
    #242 - #244
	#245 - [-]
		To  bring a person home, nail a picture of them upside down to a tree. 
		(entry 8375, cylinder 167:1+85)
	#246 - #247
	#248 - [-] 
		"You've seen decks of cards? Well you take the Joker out of the cards, and under
		the head of that Joker you draw that man's body. The man you want to come on back home.
		And then you get a little can (like a Tobacco tin), and fill it up with Corn Meal. You mix
		some Corn Meal and Red Pepper and Salt together, and fill the can. Then you take that man,
		take the Joker that you have drawn the man's body under the Joker's head on, stick it down
		in that can, and then stop it up, and carry it, and put it somewhere in your room about
		your bed. That'll bring him back home. Just like if he was going with another woman, then
		that trick will bust them up and brings him home to you."
		(entry 2211, cylinder 244:2)
    #249 - [-] Informant gave account of uncle who was institutionalized in Goldsboro, NC, 
    	after 3 years of insanity at home, and who, upon release, was cured by a rootworker from 
		the "South" who charged $25.00 and performed a spell involving graveyard dirt in a buried 
		threshold bottle, salty water from Wrightville Sound, rocks, two dimes to be worn on the 
		legs, and a belt to be worn, The cure was effective. 
		(entry 896, cylinder 245:9. 
		Location "Two miles on this side of Hempstead, a place (Negro community) dey call Browntown."
    #250 - 266
	#267 - [-]
		To make a person love you, take a picture of the person and a piece of your hair from behind 
		your right ear and place the hair on top of the picture and wrap it up good; carry it near 
		your heart and the person will love you. Only works if there's no water between you two. 
		(entry 8466, cylinder:1+85)
	#268 - #285
	#286 - [-]
		To attract man back to you, place his picture over a glass of water with a heavy weight on 
		the picture and he will return to you. 
		(entry 8423, cylinder 203:1+85)
	#287 - #291
    #292 - Lewis [-] Surname unknown; see page 300.
    #293 - #308
	#309 - [-]
		To turn a trick back on someone take a dressed nail and on the west facing part of the tree 
		you drive the nail in with seven hits. 
		(entry 1045, cylinder 235:7+85)
	#310 - 
    #311 - Willie Jones
    	entry 893
    #314 - #315
    #316 - [-] a bootlegger who tells a long, sad story about his "crazy" wife and
    	his legal troubles; many root doctors are named, because he consulted many,
    	including one of the Doctor Buzzards. Their uncrossing cures varied in style and
    	efficacy and will eventually be logged here.
         (entry 3082, cylinder 244.1+85, hand transcription)
    #317 - #345
    #346 - Eugene Love, who bet his interview number, won $4.00 and came back to
    	split his winnings with Hyatt and get another "lucky number." Hyatt therefore
    	changed to recording the interviewee's number *after* he or she left the room.
    #347 - #360 

February - April, 1937

Richmond, VA

  From this point on, some people thought Hyatt was an FBI agent, or "the law."

    #361 - [-] discussion of goofer dust and graveyard dirt 
         (entry 664, cylinder 296:8)
    #371 
    #372 - E. W. Lindsay, first professional root doctor interviewed; 
    	 his biography is in Volume One, page XXVIII, his interview is  
    	 in Volume Two, pages 943-8.
    #375 - [-] 
         "a hopeful client" who believed Hyatt was a root doctor; "NG" (no good)
    #? - "Humpadee", a female root doctor.
    #? - [-] King, who disappeared.
    
  April 21, 1937

    #385 - "Root Doctor" Johnson, a 65 year old man of mixed Native American and
    	African-American ethnicity, born in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma), and brought
    	to Bristol, VA when he was young. He carried in a sack of roots he had freshly
    	dug to show Hyatt. 
         Interview Volume Two pages 1620 -1624, cylinders [329:1 - 332:7]
    #386 - #388
    #389 - [-] 
         graveyard dirt in shoes and around home for protection
         (entry 1313, cylinder 338:2)
    #390 
    #391 - [-] 
		This person waited 5 hours (paid) to be interviewed, the longest wait of all.
    #392 - #403
	#404 - [-]
		If you want keep a person in trouble, place a photo of them facing down, place half a glass 
		of whiskey over the photo with three pennies. The three pennies symbolize Three Holy Men.
		(no entry number, no cylinder number)
	#405 - 
    #406 - [-] 
         graveyard dirt, salt, pepper, and sulphur keeps visitors off
         (entry 9605, cylinder 361:5)
    #407 - #430
	#431 - [-] Probably a woman due to the nature of the spell: If your husband leaves, run the
		cards until you get the first King or Jack, then nail it behind the headboard of the 
		bed on the side he sleeps on, face side out. Get a new broom and take nine straws from
		it. Talk to the King every morning for nine mornings; say sweet things and apologize,
		and every time you eat or drink, offer some to the King on the tip of a broom straw, 
		using a fresh straw each day. Do this for nine mornings and he will return. A man who
		wants his wife back can run the cards until the first Queen comes out and do the same. 
		(entry 10,832, cylinder 385:3 & 5+85)
	#432 - #437 unaccounted for; either Richmond VA or Elizabeth City, NC

Elizabeth City, NC 

  May, 1937

  "Never in my life did I interview a black person in a white person's home except my
  own (which includes my own hotels)" etc. (Volume One, page XIX). This is an
  important note on technique: Hyatt explains that except for five occasions
  detailed, all interviews were conducted in the homes or hotels of black people.

    #438 - [-]
         successive Moon phases: wear salt and Red Pepper seeds in your shoes on last quarter 
		 Waning Moon then, on the growing of the New Moon the man you want will come to you
         (entry 9586, cylinder 391:4)
		 A man should get a coffin nail from a woman's coffin, and a woman from a man's; wrap 
		 it in red flannel and dress it with Hoyt's Cologne. Wear it next to your skin for love.
		 (entry 1806, cylinder 403:11 + 85)
         goofer dust contains graveyard dirt; it gives you a lingering cough. 
         (entry 662, cylinder 558:5) [this cylinder number seems far wrong.] 
    #439 - #481 unaccounted for; either Elizabeth City NC or Norfolk, VA

Norfolk, VA

  May, 1937
  
  Hyatt drove to Norfolk with [-] Carter, his new contact man, in Carter's "family
  car" (co-owned with other family members).

    #??? - Doctor Paul Bowles, professional root doctor 
         Interview Volume Two, pages 1733-38
    #482 - Mrs. [-] Graham, former wife of Vander Graham 
         (entry 888).
         Vander Graham is not as rare a name as one might think. Several black men of
         that name were recorded in various public documents during the early 20th
         century. For instance, it is possible that Mrs. Graham was Jane Graham, if
         her husband was the Vander Graham who was a farmer on Loke City Road in
         Indian, Williamsburg County, South Carolina; Vander was born in 1876 and
         Jane was born in 1878, making her around 59 years old at the time of this
         interview. It is also possible that Mrs. Graham's former husband was the
         Vander Graham born May 26, 1899, who was 18 years old, living in Warwick,
         Virginia, and employed in the Hampton Avenue coal yard on the C&O Railroad
         when he registered for the WWI draft in 1918. He was "Negro," of "medium"
         height and "stout" build, with brown eyes and black hair. He would have been
         38 years old when Hyatt was interviewing, and we might suppose that his
         former wife was about the same age, if she was the woman who was interviewed.
    #??? - Doctor Frank Harris 
         (entry 1958), Volume One, page 573.
    #483 - #486
    #487 - [-]
         Steal an Irish potato, wrap it in something, and carry it in your pocket; as
         it ferments, the rheumatism will leave.
         (entry 1423, cylinder 518:6)
    #488 - #491
	#492 - [-]
		To make someone do what you will of them, take a photo of the person and place it bottoms 
		up on a glass of whisky and leave it in a dark closet. 
		(entry 8471, cylinder 529:1)
	#493 - #494 
    
 Berkly, VA ("near Norfolk, VA") [Probably Berkeley, VA]
 
    June, 1937
 
    #494A - Mrs. [Mary L.] Griffin, professional root worker.
		Resident in Berkly, VA; originally from Bertie Co., NC); born in slavery; she was in her
		80s at the time of the interview, and she had lived in Virginia about 50 years. Hyatt does
		not list her first name, but her nickname, "Lenny," is given by her in a story she tells
		on herself about events during the Civil War, when she was a child, living near Powell's
		Crossroads (now Powellsvile). She was one of a number of slaves owned by a white man who
		was a Confederate soldier and his white wife, whose first name was Emmy. Her interview is
		six pages long. In the interview title, Hyatt calls her "Madam" Griffin, but at the end of
		the interview he calls her "Mrs. Griffin" -- and the latter was probably her actual
		working name. Hyatt's propensity for calling root worker women "Madam" is demonstrated
		elsewhere: he called Mrs. Myrtle Collins "Madam Collins" even though she specifically told
		him she was "not a madam" and her business card read "Myrtle Collins." On one entey Hyatt
		spelled her surname Griffen. 
		Tea of silkweed, snake root, black master root, gourd, and cedar berries cures conjuration 
		inside a person. 
		(entry 1122, cylinder 533:1)
		Flip foot tracks to send people away. 
		She was gifted with clairaudience 
    	at a well when she was a child, but, interestingly, she said she did not deal 
    	with "dead spirits," only with "living spirits." 
		She could summon and dismiss
    	the spirits of living people through prayer and in the name of the Lord. 
		Write the names of the 12 disciples on Sage leaves (rather than the more common Bay or
		Plantain leaves) for job-getting.
		Use gunpowder on a red brick to blow someone out of where they live. 
		Burn commercial hoodoo Love Powder incense, which is obtained by mail order or in stores. 
		She cured a woman of blocked intestines by discovering who was driving her "litter" into a 
    	hole in a fir tree every day, and saved the woman's life. 
		She described frog and fish killing death spells. 
		She told the story of Sim Moore of Bertie County, North Carolina, whom she knew prior to 
		1887. Sim used a dead man's bone to put people to sleep so he could steal from them. (He 
		was dead by 1937.) 
		Fix shoes with nine drops of turpentine and one drop of quicksilver to keep from being hurt. 
		She could diagnose by reading cups into which she had put snuff. 
		To keep a person home, take a new file and drive it half into the ground at one corner of 
		the house, break it off and drive the other half in the same way at the diagonal opposite 
		corner of the house. 
		Take a new string and tie knots in it while calling the person's name to give them chills. 
		If it is buried, the person can only be cured by digging it up. 
		She cured a woman in  Blackstone, Virginia, who had been hurt by someone who got her hair 
		and a cloth she had worn and put it in a hollow stick and buried it at her door where she 
		had to walk over it. The cure consisted of digging up the stick and burning it in a ring 
		of trash sprinkled with 3 cents each of sulphur, kerosene, salt, saltpeter, and gunpowder, 
		and the woman who had done the work against the client came running and screaming all 
		evening long. 
		In a similar case, the curse had been cast with two glass jars filled with snakes and
		water buried at the doorstep. Taking them up and casting the water out cured the female
		client and the man who had done the work came running and screaming. 
    	 (Numbers Book 422-621; Cylinders 533:2 - 536:5.  
         Interview Volume Two, pages 1309-14.)
         My research indicates that her given name was Mary L. Griffin and that she was
    	also a midwife by profession. Here she is in the 1920 Federal Census, 17 years 
    	before Hyatt interviewed her:
    	NAME:	Mary L Griffin
		AGE:	62
		BIRTH YEAR:	abt 1858
		BIRTHPLACE:	North Carolina
		HOME IN 1920:	Deep Creek, Norfolk, Virginia
		STREET:	(Part of) Deep Creek Road
		RACE:	Black
		GENDER:	Female
		RELATION TO HEAD OF HOUSE:	Wife
		MARITAL STATUS:	Married
		SPOUSE'S NAME:	Levis G Griffin
		FATHER'S BIRTHPLACE:	North Carolina
		MOTHER'S BIRTHPLACE:	North Carolina
		ABLE TO SPEAK ENGLISH:	Yes
		OCCUPATION:	midwife
		INDUSTRY:	private families
		EMPLOYMENT FIELD:	Wage or Salary
		ABLE TO READ:	Yes
		ABLE TO WRITE:	Yes
		HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS:	
		NAME	AGE
		Levis G Griffin	67
		Mary L Griffin	62
		John E Griffin	24
		Ethel Griffin	21
		Regarding her self-applied nickname "Lenny": There are several black women
		named Lenora Griffin in the census records of the early 20th century, but
		only this Mary L. Griffin was born in the right decade in North Carolina and
		lived in Norfolk County, Virginia; in addition, the formal occupation of
		midwife in "private family" service (that is, not employed by a hospital) was
		a common one for a healer, root doctor, and spiritual worker, and Mrs Griffin
		was listed by Hyatt as a "professional," not just a small- time practitioner.
		At the time of the 1930 Federal Census she was living in the same place, now
		73 years old and widowed; her occupation was "nurse, obstetric," in other
		words a midwife, and she lived alone, with no other household members. 
		She was 80 years old when Harry Hyatt interviewed her at length in 1937. 
		She did not appear in the 1940 Federal Census.  

Charleston, SC

  June 25, 1937

    #495 - Mrs. [-] Clayborne, Carter's landlady in Charleston. 
    #??? - Carrie Clark [mentioned in introduction]
         (entry 944)
    #497 - [-] throw salt behind and curse to keep folks away
         (entry 9447, cylinder 539:4)
    #503 - "Toby" Cason, a root doctor who made tobies.
    #504 - #508 
    #509 - "Doctor" Washington 
         says goofer dust is powdered insects 
         (entry 673, cylinder 570:3)
         fairly lengthy interview on treasure hunting
         can be found in Volume 1, pages 132 - 135 
         (entry 428, cylinder 570:5)
    #510 - #511
	#512 - [-]
		To keep a hag from riding you in your sleep wear all black to bed. 
		(entry 484, cylinder 585:1)
    #513 - Marcus Brown / William Brown / Peter Brown 
         This profession root doctor's several names were explained by Hyatt as
         follows: "[Many an athlete has worn No. 13 to defy superstition, but what
         person except our informant has ever named himself after a graveyard - after
         Marcus Brown, the Negro cemetery in Charleston!  But this could have been a
         temporary act of daring - induced by the spirits within - because I later
         learned he was known to others as William or Peter. Besides, I am almost
         certain it was he who had the fight with Doctor Washington in the court of
         the house where I was interviewing:  "I must add - to emphasize the danger -
         that Washington had come to me in a treasure-seeking mood, having taken a
         few drinks of moonshine whiskey from his screw-top jar.  After he left me,
         he and a doctor waiting for me got into the altercation described elsewhere"
         (quotation from p.134, line 35f.) DOCTOR WASHINGTON OF CHARLESTON,
         pp.132-135, is quite a story. At a later date, after another fight between
         two doctors, I refer to the Charleston fight (p.337, lines 5-17). [...] The
         material of informant 513 was difficult, badly recorded, and not completely
         transcribed; these selections coming from cylinders 744-751.]"
        New Moon bottle spell to get laid-off employee re-hired; capture spirit of
        boss in bottle with Devil's Shoe String root, Horehound root, Dogwood Root,
        and liquid germicide; pay graveyard spirits while working with it in a
        cemetary for eleven hours, then use it to control the boss; when client is
        re-hired, bury the bottle under client's front door steps; this is good for
        12 months and must be renewed on the New Moon.
        (Vol. 2, p.1291, cylinders 744-751)
    #514 - #517
    #518 - Doctor [-] Nelson whom Hyatt called "important." He began his professional
    	career in Florence, South Carolina, on April 3, 1909, when he officially became
    	the student of "a white man named Doctor Harris" to whom he paid the fee of
    	$60.00 for lessons. He then trained others in turn, sending them as far away as
    	Chicago and Kentucky, while he himself had travelled and worked as far North as
    	New York. These men probably sold root tonics in medicine shows as well as
    	casting hoodoo spells for clients while on the road. Dr. Nelson's age was not
    	given, but if he started at age 22 in 1909, he would have been around the age of
    	50 in 1937, and he may have been as old as 60 when he was interviewed. Hyatt
    	asked Dr. Nelson the perplexing question he asked many profesionals: whether
    	there is any such thing as an "initiation" in hoodoo (as fancifully described by
    	Zora Neale Hurston, whose information Hyatt apparently distrusted as fictional).
    	Dr. Nelson said no, that he had received his understanding of the work "from de
    	Spirit. God give it to me, you know." Thus, with the instructions he received
    	from the white Dr. Harris of Florence, SC, and his own guidance from God and
    	Spirit, Dr. Nelson had launched a rootwork career that had spanned almost 30
    	years. Among other things, Dr. Nelson also noted that the original Doctor Buzzard
    	had been dead for "about ten years" (since 1927) and that other practitioners
    	were now using that name.Dr. Nelson described how to go into the woods to dig
    	"Indian Potato" and make a decoction to rid clients of "live things." Hyatt
    	speculated that this plant was Jerusalem Artichoke, but it could as well have
    	been Jalap, from the description Dr. Nelson gave, and its use as a laxative.
        Dr. Nelson's office was at "No. 10 Antler Street" in Charleston. 
        My research shows that Antler Drive still exists in North Charleston, but the
        once wooded area has been renumbered. 
        (Vol. 2, p.1599, cylinders 610:2-612:8)
    #519 - Doctor [-] Maguin ("he pronounced it Mongain (?)") 
    	A wash-water cure for a captured foot track. 
		(entry 1221, cylinder 613.1)
		To keep the law away: Take a Jack from every suit in a playing card deck and place them at 
		the four corners of the door. Place a penny at the foot of the door and put nine needles 
		across the door and burn Dragon's Blood incense. 
		(entry 2209, cylinder 616:4)
    #520 - [-] 
         graveyard dirt tied "crosstownways" and penny throwed "overboard" for protection.
         (entry 1315, cylinder 620:2)
    #521 - #522
    #523 - [-] 
		Sprinkle grave yard dirt around house to keep spirits from annoying you.
		(entry 1305, cylinder 624:5)
		Dirt from mother's grave sprinkled at door stops her spirit from haunting her children.
		(entry 1306, cylinder 624:5)
    #524 - #534
    #??? - [-] devil's shoe string, salt, copper wire around waist
		for protection
		(entry 1832, cylinder 640:2)
    
  June 28, 1937
  
    #??? - [-], cylinder [646:5]
    #535 - William Scott 
         Tale of a root doctor named Dr. Williams who told fortunes in coffee.
         (entry 555, cylinder 649:1)

Beaufort, SC

  [July], 1937
  
    "Doctor Buzzard entry" (not numbered in Hyatt's introduction -- # to
	be inserted here when I find it XXXXX).
    #536 - 538 here or in Savannah GA
    

Savannah, GA

  Interviews held at the house of Mrs. [-] Louis, where Carter the contact 
  man stayed.

  [July], 1937

    #539 - [-] 
           Sew up person's foot track dirt and throw it into 
           ebbing tide and they will go away and never return. 
           (entry 5783, cylinder 659:2)
    #540 - #542
	#543 - [-]
		Dry a toad, crush it up, and mix it into food. Every time the tide rises the person's 
		body will swell and every time it falls, their body will fall.  
		(entry 963, cylindr 678:5)
	#554 unaccounted for; Sannah GA, or Jacksonville FL

Jacksonville, FL

  Interviews held in a black-owned hotel "under noisy hotel conditions and during intense July heat."

  [July], 1937

    #555 - [-] 
         An informant who discussed goofer dust. 
         (entry 660,  cylinder 691:18)
    #556 - #589
    #590 - [-] Woman; Hyatt called her "Agent for Curios," she took orders for supply houses.  
		Hyatt wrote this about her: "[Curios at the date of this interview was a legal term
		covering the following articles: Lucky Candles, Get Together Powder, Never Part Oil,
		Black Cat Ashes, Devil's Stone, Deadman's Bones and other merchandise similarly labeled.
		The company or companies distributing these goods through mail-order house or door-to-door
		agent stated in a circular, "We make no preternatural claims on any of these products and
		sell them all merely for curios." Our AGENT FOR CURIOS - an intelligent woman, informant
		590 - first explains her work and then I read the preceding circular. This interview is
		interesting for three reasons: first, the quite obvious one; second, the agent's faith in
		her products; and third, at the very end, the remarkable story of her customer with heart
		trouble -- a M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) and a R.D. (Root Doctor) being involved.
		Unfortunately, the recording is bad here and there. As I explained in the INTRODUCTION, my
		work in Jacksonville was done under noisy hotel conditions and during intense July heat.
		The material is on cylinders 923-928.]" The woman was an agent for the Keystone Company,
		the Lucky Heart Company, and High Hat cosmetics. She was aware that these companies had
		recently split apart (there had been a falling out among the partners) and that her name
		had been given to each new company as a prospective agent.   
		(Her interview is in Vol.2, pp.1075 - 1076, cylinders 923-928)
    #591 - #596
    #597 - [-] 
		A man who said, "There nothing too low for some women to do" and described how women wear
		raw liver in their menstrual pads all morning and then cook the liver up with onions and
		feed it to their men to capture them for life. 
		(entry 3880, cylinder 769:8)
    #598 - #620 unaccounted for: Jacksonville FL or Washington DC

Washington, DC

  July 29, 1937, Thursday

    #621A - Rev. A. C. Foster 
 
Arthur C Foster in the 1930 United States Federal Census
Name: 	Arthur C Foster
Birth Year: 	abt 1896
Gender: 	Male
Race: 	Negro (Black)
Birthplace: 	Kentucky
Marital Status: 	Married
Relation to Head of House: 	Roomer
Home in 1930: 	Washington, Washington, District of Columbia
Street address: 	First St. NW.
Ward of City: 	6th Precinct
Block: 	571
House Number in Cities or Towns: 	404
Dwelling Number: 	38
Family Number: 	57
Lives on Farm: 	No
Age at First Marriage: 	24
Attended School: 	No
Able to Read and Write: 	Yes
Father's Birthplace: 	United States
Mother's Birthplace: 	United States
Able to Speak English: 	Yes
Occupation: 	Minister Gospel
Industry: 	Church
Class of Worker: 	Wage or salary worker
Employment: 	Yes
Name 	Age
Richard Frazer 	50
Lilia Frazer 	48
Arthur C Foster 	34
James E Thomas 	26
Walter Russel 	26
Pearl Russel 	22

        Nine alligator beans (unknown species) broken and thrown for nine days at the doorstep 
		of someone you wish to have move. 
         (entry 2255, cylinder 797:2)
    #622 - 626 
    #627 - [-] Spiritualist Minister, probably a man. Born in Washngton, D.C.
 		This interviewee was born in Washington, D.C. and had lived in New York for a while. 
		He (?) worked for clients and conducted spiritual meetings in his home thrice weekly. 
		The interview was mostly on spiritual topics, including how to purify the altar with 
		Holy Oil, Holy Incense, and Holy Water, then light 7 candles laid out in the form of
		a cross, plus some smaller votive candles. 
		How to recite the 23rd Psalm in four parts, facing in turn East, West, North, and South.
		How to say the 91st Psalm "to keep out evil." 
		How to work with the Moon phases when setting lights with incense.
		How to use one's powers of concentration and a Bible verse to affect a third party on 
		behalf of a client. 
		When asked by Hyatt about Zora Neale Hurston style exotic initiations, he said that one 
		would have to be born gifted, "have to have someone to instruct you, teach you," then, 
		"after a meeting, after you accepted in a class, [...] they [the teacher] will tell you, 
		explain it to you." In other words, he conducted no exotic ceremonies of initation. 
		He concluded by honestly telling Hyatt that not all people who believe they have been hurt 
		by magic have indeed been cursed and that he, personally, did not believe in the concept 
		of Live Things In You.
        (entry 2743, cylinder 802:5 - 803:2)
	#638 - [-]
		Burn 6-8 chicken feathers and inhale the smoke to cure misery in your head (headache).
		(entry 1173, cylinder 625:3)
    #639 - Dr. [-] Sims, A spiritual church member, formerly of New Orleans. 
		He was agreeable when Hyatt asked if Zora Neale Hurston's accounts of exotic initiations
		in New Orleans were factual, but when asked to describe such an initiation, he explained
		that he taught his pupils to study certain portions of the Bible, "and den ah write down
		to de Temple an' git a diploma and give 'em, see. Den dey can use de Temple's name." In
		other words, they were not given a Haitian style initiation as described by Hurston, but
		were presented with a certificate or diploma from a Spiritual Church. He named this as
		"Saint John's Temple" and said that "They have more white [members] than they do colored." 
		He described his pictures of saints, the use of Guinea Grains, Live Things in You 
    	(entry 2742, cylinder 827:8 - 829:9)
		How to use Holy Water to quell evil spirits.
    	(entry 34, cylinder 828:13)
    #640 - #641
	#642 - [-] "A Washington Spiritualist" is what Hyatt called him; that is, a member of a 
		Spiritualist church. His home town was Richmond, Virginia. 
		Adam and Eve Root in front of door draws congregation or business. 
		For increased trade for 30 days: Place purchased Louisiana Hoodoo Dust under door sill,  
		burn a Good and Evil Candle (reversing candle) at midnight inside the closed front door, 
		burn Egyptian Incense, and read the 37th Psalm three times a week. 
		He tells the story of what happened in 1923 while living with his wife at 217 E Street NW, 
		Washington: his wife was taken sick suddenly and died, and her female friend
		confessed that she had skinned a frog, fried the skin up crisp, powdered it, and given it
		to his wife. She got sick on a Saturday and died on Sunday. He saw "the figures of frogs"
		in her skin as she lay on her deathbed in the hospital, under the care of Dr. Fowler.
		After her death, an autopsy was performed but no cause of death could be determined and
		all her organs were normal. 
		Ths got him interested in such work and he went to Alexandria, Virginia, and met
		with Cely Coles, who told him that had he mixed sulphur, table salt, and alum into water
		and given her 9 tablespoons to drink, the evil of the frog skin powder would have passed
		from his wife and she would have lived. 
			Cely or Celia Coles in the 1930 United States Federal Census
			Name: 	Celia Coles
			Birth Year: 	abt 1880
			Gender: 	Female
			Race: 	Negro (Black)
			Birthplace: 	Virginia
			Marital Status: 	Single
			Relation to Head of House: 	Head
			Homemaker?: 	Yes
			Home in 1930: 	Williamsburg, Williamsburg (Independent City), Virginia
			Street address: 	South Henry Street
			House Number in Cities or Towns: 	411
			Dwelling Number: 	186
			Family Number: 	215
			Home Owned or Rented: 	Owned
			Home Value: 	2000
			Radio Set: 	No
			Lives on Farm: 	No
			Attended School: 	No
			Able to Read and Write: 	Yes
			Father's Birthplace: 	Virginia
			Mother's Birthplace: 	Virginia
			Able to Speak English: 	Yes
			Occupation: 	Cleaning
			Industry: 	Houses
			Class of Worker: 	Wage or salary worker
			Employment: 	Yes
			Neighbors: 	View others on page
			Household Members: 	
			Name 	Age
			Celia Coles 	50		
		After this he went to a pin-the-tail-on-the-donkey party for the benefit of the Saint Paul 
		Baptist Church and he bought lemonade there and 9 days later he had "hairy worms" in his 
		stomach. A man on 10th street in Washington told him that this too had been caused by 
		powdered frog skin given in the drink. 
		Tale of Mary Moody, Green Street, Richmond, Virgina
			Name: 	Mary Moody
			Residence Year: 	1915
			Street address: 	Lady's Mile rd
			Residence Place: 	Richmond, Virginia, USA
			Publication Title: 	Richmond, Virginia, City Directory, 1915
			Name: 	Mary Moody
			Residence Year: 	1917
			Street address: 	Ladies Mile rd nr Bower
			Residence Place: 	Richmond, Virginia, USA
			Occupation: 	Domestic
			Publication Title: 	Richmond, Virginia, City Directory, 1917
	#643 - #649 unaccounted for; Washington, DC or Mobile, AL

New York City, NY

  Hyatt returned home to New York City, NY for the autumn and winter.

Mobile, AL

  Hyatt felt that the beliefs in this area were "strongly influenced by New Orleans"
  -- that is, presumably there was more than the average mention of candle-spells,
  saints, altars, and other accoutrements of Catholic folk-magic. The contact man and
  driver was Edward Bufford, Jr. (whom Hyatt never told that he was a minister).

EDWARD BUFFORD, JR.
1 (1936)	Name: 	Edward Bufford
		Gender: 	Male
		Residence Year: 	1936 
		Address: 	505 Congress, Mobile, Alabama, USA
		Occupation: 	Auto Mechanic
		Spouse: 	Beatrice Bufford
		Publication Title: 	Mobile, Alabama, City Directory, 1936
2 (1976) 	Name: 	Edward Bufford Jr
		Address: 	1662 Robert E Lee St, Mobile, AL, 36605-2033 (1976)
		1976 city directory
3 (1993-94)		Name: 	Edward Bufford
		Address: 	1662 Robert E Lee St, Mobile, Alabama, 36605-2033 (1993-94)
		Phone Number: 	205-473-5703
		Residence Years: 	 1993 1994 
4 (1995)		Name: 	Edward Bufford
		Address: 	1662 Robert E Lee St, Mobile, Alabama, 36605-2033 (1995)
		Phone Number: 	334-473-5703
		Residence Years: 	1995

  interviews were held at the home of Daisy Edwards.

DAISY EDWARDS  
1 (1930)		
		Name: 	Daisy Edwards 29 N. Cedar Street
		Birth Year: 	abt 1903
		Gender: 	Female
		Race: 	Negro (Black)
		Birthplace: 	Alabama
		Marital Status: 	Widowed
		Relation to Head of House: 	Head
		Homemaker?: 	Yes
		Home in 1930: 	Mobile, Mobile, Alabama
		Street address: 	N. Cedar Street
		Ward of City: 	7. Pt
		House Number in Cities or Towns: 	556
		Dwelling Number: 	29
		Family Number: 	30
		Home Owned or Rented: 	Rented
		Home Value: 	16
		Radio Set: 	No
		Lives on Farm: 	No
		Attending School: 	No
		Able to Read and Write: 	Yes
		Father's Birthplace: 	Alabama
		Mother's Birthplace: 	Alabama
		Able to Speak English: 	Yes
		Class of Worker: 	Wage or salary worker
		Employment: 	No
		Household Members: 	
		Name 	Age
		Daisy Edwards 	27
		William Maull 	27
		Eugene J Altice 34
2 (1940)		
		Name: 	Daisy M Edwards, 504 Monday Street
		Age: 	37
		Estimated birth year: 	abt 1903
		Gender: 	Female
		Race: 	Negro (Black)
		Birthplace: 	Alabama
		Marital Status: 	Married
		Relation to Head of House: 	Head
		Home in 1940: 	Mobile, Mobile, Alabama
		Street: 	Monday
		House Number: 	504
		Farm: 	No
		Inferred Residence in 1935: 	Mobile, Mobile, Alabama
		Residence in 1935: 	Same House
		House Owned or Rented: 	Rented
		Value of Home or Monthly Rental if Rented: 	20
		Attended School or College: 	No
		Highest Grade Completed: 	Elementary school, 5th grade
		Weeks Worked in 1939: 	0
		Income: 	0
		Income Other Sources: 	Yes
		Household Members: 	
		Name 	Age
		Daisy M Edwards 37
		Earl Rayford 	42
		Fred Johnson 	30
		Robert Brown 	45
		Frank Willis 	26
		Cles Samuel 	35

Note that both in 1930 and 1940 she is a "homemaker" with income: as Hyatt had noted, she ran a 
boarding house, supplying room and board to the men listed as living in her household.
	
	February 26, 1938

[NOTE: Mobile, Alabama ran from cylinder 844 - cylinder 980; there are some in this run in which
either the cylinder numbers are in error or mistrnscribed or the informant numbers are in error.]

    #650 - [-] 
		Goofer dust is mud dauber wasp nest powder. 
		(entry 679, cylinder 844:2)
		Protection toby: Rattlesnake Master, High John the Conquer root, a new dime, a Lodestone 
		sewn together in red flannel or a "shammy skin" (chamois leather) as a toby; keep it in 
		your left pocket and no one will be able to harm you. 
		(entry 1436, cylinder: 964:3) 
		[NOTE: Cylinder is out of sequence or misnumbered, or the informant is misnumbered.]
    #651 - #654
    #655 - [-] 
         A former herb shop owner, called "Root Seller" by Hyatt, who mentioned that
         both black and white people believe in hoodoo. This informant was once a
         truant Officer for a Catholic school, and ran a "root store" that was "in
         Pinship ... down dere next to Davis street."
         (entry 12, cylinder 858:1)    
    #656 - [-] 
         Gave a crossroads story 
         (entry 356, cylinder 937.3 [cylinder number is obviously out of order; error?] 
    #657 - #660
	#661 - [-] A man, by the style of his speech. 
		Now for gambling, you take three playing cards; take the Ace of Spades, the Jack
		of Clubs, and the King of Diamonds. You tear just a small tip [the index] off
		those three cards. Take the small tip off those three cards, and after you do
		that, get you a file. You take this file and file a silver dime in half. You
		take this dust now, from the dime, and you save it. Then get you a piece of
		Lodestone, and get you a piece of red flannel. You put the pinch of card from
		the Ace of Spades on the flannel, and then you place the first half of the dime
		on the flannel. After you put the one half on the red flannel, you place a pinch
		of card from the Jack of Clubs, and the other half of the dime, like a sandwich.
		Then you put the other piece on top, from the King of Diamonds, and put this
		dust, the filings from the silver dime, on top of that. You put a piece of
		Lodestone in there with that on this piece of flannel. Put it in there with
		that, and you dress it with Hoyt's Cologne; just a little Hoyt's Cologne, and
		you dampen this, you see. And after you dampen this, you fold it. But before you
		sew it up, you take a pin, a straight pin, and cut the head off it. Cut the head
		off the pin, and put the head inside of the flannel. When you fold it up, pin
		this other part of the pin in the flannel. Then you sew it up. After you sew it
		up, then you wear it, and when your luck seems to be changing a little, you
		dress it with Hoyt's Cologne. That's to keep the Lodestone growing.
		(entry 2210, cylinder 865:2)
	#662 - #665
    #666 - [-] 
		Said goofer dust contains graveyard dirt
         (entry 663, cylinder 876:9)
    #667 - [-]
		Black pepper, salt, cinnamon and clover mixed with War Water and poured on a front step to
		get a person to move away. 
		(entry 2374, cylinder 878:15)
	#668 - #670
    #671 - [-] 
		To get somebody to come to you, write name 7 times, fold toward you, place under blue 
		candle at 6:00 a.m, burn candle straight through, after one hour call name, after 2nd 
		hour call name, after 3rd hour call name; they will come.
         (entry 2903, cylinder 885:5)
    #678 - [-]
		Graveyard dirt, crawfishes, and snake dust with the toenails and fingernails of victim 
		to kill him slowly.
         (entry 6454, cylinder 901:4)
    #679 - [-] Probably a woman as one spell is to rid yourself of a mate who is holding you 
		back in life ("is a knock to you") but by the end of the spell, it is clear that the 
		one being dismissed is a husband.
		Salt and saltpeter bath as a cure for tricks.
		(entry 1457, cylinder 905.2)
		Instructions for bathing downward from forehead to floor with saltpeter and mates urine 
		to cause him to leave; noted that bathing upward would make him come back; the used
		bathwater is kept sealed up for nine days, then disposed of in a running stream. 
        (entry 1718, cylinder 973:2) 
		[NOTE: Cylinder is out of sequence or is misnumbered, or the informant is misnumbered.]
    #680 - #690
    #691 - [-] 
		Bury clothes at doorstep so you can't be driven out and place devil's shoe string 
		powder over mantlepiece to preserve sanity and keep your home.
		(entry 742, cylinder 920:5)
    #692 - #695
	#696 - [-]
		 Confusion Powder dusted at a house causes dissatisfaction among those who live there.
		 (entry 1809, cylinder 945:5)
	#697 - #713 unaccounted for; Mobile, AL or Vicksburg, MS (up to cylinder 980)

Vicksburg, MS

  As in Mobile, AL, the beliefs in this area were "strongly influenced by New Orleans."
  The contact man and driver was Edward Bufford, Jr.

  March 2, 1938
  
    #714 - Miss C. [-], 
         cylinder [981:1]
    #715 - 
	#716 - [-]
		Keeping Red Pepper in your shoes keeps the law off your back. 
		(entry 2249, cylinder 985:2)
	#717 - #729
    #730 - [-] 
         Graveyard dirt sprinkled on person causes sleep.
         (entry 7168, cylinder 1000:11)
    #731 - #737
    #738 - [-] 
		Said goofer dust is brick dust and charcoal.  
		(entry 678, cylinder 1009:8). 
		Note: the entry number includes a typographical error; the informant is listed as #538, 
		which is impossible due to location and cylinder number; i believe he or she was #738.
    #739 - #751
    #752 - [-] Daughter of a pastry cook who worked for the "S. family" who were Jews who
		lived "on Cherry Street." Another woman who worked there was "Tuley S." who hoodood the
		informant's mother. Mother was cured by a Dr. Robey, using beef gall and dried cow manure.
         (entry 1202, cylinder 1029:2) 
    #753 - #754
    #755 - [-] 
		Sang root (ginseng root) kept in bottle of holy oil, called "erectus root" -- used 
		by a woman to anoint a man so he will be able to get an erection and follow her
         (entry 10236, cylinder 1032:11)
    #756 - [-] Probably a man, due to the type of spell
		Bury toe of stocking or piece of bloomers under doorstep so man can't come see your wife 
		and she can't leave to go see him.
         (entry 10230, cylinder 1037:1)
    #757 - #761
	#762 - [-] 
		Take a bath with saltpeter for cleansing; after you've taken that bath use
		the wash cloth for that bath to cleans yourself after have sex with someone. 
		(entry 969, cylinder 1042:10)
	#763 - #766
	#767 - [-] 
		Women takes frog out of another women by bathing her in peach leaves, salt, saltpeter tea, 
		adding 20 drops of Turpentine. The women who suffers from the "sickness" was given the 
		mixture to drink as well. 
		(entry 1411, cylinder 1057:2)
	#768 - 
	#769 - [-] A woman, based on the situation she described. 
		In 1928 she was going with a married man. The man's wife found out and sent a bottle to
		her house. Her brother found it. Her mother told her not to open it. Inside were what 
		looked like water, needles, and a stopper with a cord-string to hold the stopper out of
		the water. Her mother too it to "a woman what, you know, knew." A fear came over her. The
		woman told her mother to empty it in a bayou or a stream of water. The informant went to 
		Tallulah, Louisiana (25 miles from Vicksburg) to work. In Tallulah she reevied an envelope
		from the man's wife. It contained a smaller envelope filled with some kind of "sand" (it 
		was probably graveyard dirt) on which was written, "Six months from today, your grave 
		number wil be 65 -- six months from tody." She didn't believe in it but commenced to 
		pining away and then she was lost her mind. A female friend recommended that she consult 
		Mr. B. B. told in Algiers, Lousiana, near New Orleans. She wrote to him about it 
		and he sent her back a letter describing a dream she had had about a house that had hidden
		money in it. No one knew of the dream but her close family, so she was convinced that 
		Mr. McConnick (whose race she did not know) was a true psychic. Also in the letter he sent, 
		he instructed her to send him $5.75 for supplies. He sent her black candles aand the 
		instructions on how to use them by sticking them into a plain jelly glass half-filled
		with sugar, and to burn them at 6:00 AM, 12:00 noon, and 6:00 PM for 15 minutes at a time. 
		He told her to never blow the candle out but to wet her middle finger and thumb, saying, 
		"I wish you would leave me alone," then put the light out. He sent her a self-addressed 
		stamped envelope for possible future orders, but also told her that she could buy more
		candles locally; they did not to come from him. She burned quite a few candles, and the 
		sickness went right back to the married mans wife, who became sick, just as the informant
		had been. She knew she was wrong, gave up the married man and stopped burning the candles
		in order o avoid causing further trouble to his wife. "I'm ecplaining you something I 
		experienced my own dear self." 
		(entry 2751,cylinder 1058:1) 
		I have been unable to locacte any McConnick family in New Orleans or environs during this 
		time-period, but there were several people with the surname McConnico in the area from 
		the 19th to 20th centuries. The intiatials "B. B." may stand for Robert (Bob), William 
		(Bill), may be a nickname, or may be a way of coding client names or ad campaigns. 
		One example -- and it is by no means conclusive -- is this listing from 1928. 
			NAME:	W B McConnico
			RESIDENCE YEAR:	1928
			STREET ADDRESS:	2626-Joseph
			RESIDENCE PLACE:	New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
			OCCUPATION:	Clerk
			PUBLICATION TITLE:	New Orleans, Louisiana, City Directory, 1928
	#770 - #776
    #777 - George Larkin
    	 A long story by George Larkin, 39 years old in 1938 (born in 1899). He was
    	 the son of Leona Larkin (who was dead before 1938) and lived with her at the
    	 time he was hoodooed. His penis shrank and he got abscesses on his head so
    	 bad that he had to wear a woman's hat; he went to a medical doctor, Dr.
    	 Podesky, but was not cured. Meanwhile Mr. Ramsdale, who lived in Beechwood,
    	 ten miles away, with his wife Lou Ramsdale, had had a dream about George
    	 Larkin's illness and came to the house where George lived with Leona to warn
    	 them that George had nine months to live. Ramsdale was "burning his
    	 witchcraft" and reading cards, and he diagnosed George's condition as having
    	 been caused by by a girl who got his intercourse (semen) and carried it to a
    	 woman on Jackson Street who fixed him. They sent for an old man, a root
    	 doctor named Mr. Radley, who knew Miss Florence Hopkins, who was, at the
    	 time of the interview, living in the house with George Larkin. Mr. Radley
    	 told George to sleep crosswise in the bed and he bathed his head with a tea
    	 of "yellow tops" (goldenrod) and he took some of the sickness into himself.
    	 After this, George Larkin, wearing white trousers and a white crepe de chine
    	 shirt, took the streetcar out to see Elder Bowes, "a worthy grey-head
    	 preacher," at 1660 Jackson Street, at the corner of a street whose first
    	 letter is an "F." (Farmer Street?). Elder Bowes thought he was a spirit at
    	 first, but soon recognized him as being in a "bad critical condition" and
    	 prayed over him, anointing his head with a Holy Oil that smelled of
    	 cinnamon. Prayer was paid by voluntary donation, but Elder Bowes also
    	 prescribed and charged $1.25 per quart for a mineral-oil-base liquid
    	 medicine, and he took "little bones" out of "the slop jar" after dosing
    	 George with it. George was cured after three quarts, although during the
    	 course of his illness he lost his hearing in his left ear.
    	 (entry 796, cylinder 1070:0) (Volume One, page 270)
         My research shows that the Beechwood community is located along Highway 27,
		 outside of Vicksburg. 1600 Jackson Street in Vicksburg is situated between
		 two churches with black congregations: Jackson Street Missionary Baptist
		 Church at 2nd Street, and Mount Zion Baptist Church at 5th Street. The
		 Jackson Street Missionary Baptist Church is a beautiful brick edifice on a
		 brick street, worthy of historic landmark status and on 3rd steet, just off
		 Jackson Street, there is an equally lovely brick Catholic church. I have not 
		 yet found any records pertaining to George Larkin, Leona Larkin, Dr. Podesky,
		 Mr. Ramsdale, Mr. Radley, or Elder Bowes. 
    #778 - #782
    
 New Orleans, LA
    
  Edward Bufford, Jr. got Hyatt a taxi driver, Mack Berryhill, to act as his contact
  man and chauffeur in New Orleans.

	According to my research, Mack Berryhill was about 50 years old when Hyatt hied him.

MACK BERRYHILL, 55 Willow [Drive?] 
1 (1930) 		Name: Mack Berryhill
		Birth Year: 	abt 1890 [abt 1887] 
		Gender: 	Male
		Race: 	Negro (Black)
		Birthplace: 	Louisiana
		Marital Status: 	Married
		Relation to Head of House: 	Head
		Home in 1930: 	New Orleans, Orleans, Louisiana
		Street address: 	Willow St
		Ward of City: 	11th
		Block: 	59
		Dwelling Number: 	55
		Family Number: 	62
		Home Owned or Rented: 	Rented
		Home Value: 	14
		Radio Set: 	No
		Lives on Farm: 	No
		Age at First Marriage: 	30
		Attending School: 	No
		Able to Read and Write: 	Yes
		Father's Birthplace: 	Louisiana
		Mother's Birthplace: 	Louisiana
		Able to Speak English: 	Yes
		Occupation: 	Chauffeur
		Industry: 	Private Hse
		Class of Worker: 	Wage or salary worker
		Employment: 	No
		Household Members: 	
		Name 	Age
		Mack Berryhill 	40 [43] 
		Virginia Berryhill 	45
		Mary Johnson 	25
		
    #783 - [-] Hyatt noted her as "a woman spiritualist" and commented (on page 871) that her way 
		of working was "religious syncretism," a mixture of Catholicism and Spiritualism. He also 
		wrote, "Listed '35' [years old] and 'good' in Numbers Book 647-822, and advanced to the 
		mark 'excellent' on the transcription." 
		Saint Raymond, green candles, Wednesday, Fridays, and Saturdays, say prayers nine times. 
		(novena), for money
		(entry 3042, cylinder 1086:10)
		Saint Michael is used to protect against those who don't like you and undermine your
		success. He'll force your enemies down like he forced the Devil down. Burn a read candle 
		to him on Friday before 6:30 A.M. 
		(entry 3012, cylinder 1087:1)
		The Virgin Mary will help in any matter; light a pink candle to her and say the Lord's 
		Prayer once.
		(entry 3027, cylinder 1087:2)
    #784 - #785 
	#786 - [-]
		Hang a picture of Saint Raymond over the door to your business; feed it with whiskey
		and holy water to protect the business and keep the law away. 
		(entry 3045, cylinder 1090:108)
	#787 - #796
	#797 - [-]
		If you want man to love you, write his name backwards nine times on brown paper. Put the 
		paper in a bottle of holy water and place in where no one will find it. 
		(entry 2158, cylinder 1110:4)
	#798 - #812
    #813? - Recordings here begin with 
         cylinder [1144:8]  
    #814 - [-] 
         Fumigate self with Dragon's Blood resin, wash steps with salt and own urine for protection.
         (entry 6786, cylinder 1145:10)
         
  Friday, March 11, 1938

	#815 - #819
	#820 - [-]
		To draw customers to your business mix steel dust, cinnamon, sugar and Van Van and wash 
		your place of business before it opens in the morning. 
		(entry 2717, cylinder 1183:1)
	#821 - 
    #822 - [-] 
		A man, from his talk of attracting women to himself, he also had quite a bit of 
		astrological knowledge. 
		Any powder is goofer dust. 
		(entry 676, cylinder 1187:7)
		Four examples of how to work with the New Moon in Air signs: the first uses the
		Moon in Libra to draw a woman's love, the second uses the Moon in Genmini to gain
		someone's friendship,  the third uses the Moon in Libra again, for justice or justified
		death spells, and the fourth removes unwanted conditions or people with river water
		gathered when the Moon is in Aquarius -- after which the informant returns to Hyatt's
		original question, how to draw a woman to you and hold her, for which he recommends Myrrh,
		Aloeswood, and Cinnamon to perfume your bed.
		(entry 12462, cylinder 1188:9)
    #823 - 
	#824 [-] 
		Boil sweet basil in a pot to make tea, use a wash cloth and wash your body with it. Do 
		this for nine mornings then no one can do harm to you. Every morning you should make a 
		new batch of sweet basil water, and after every washing you should throw it out. 
		(entry 1116, cylinder 1193:5)
    
  Saturday, March 12, 1938
  
  Recorded "in the Patterson Hotel, a Negro hotel, New Orleans, Louisiana"

   #825 (?) - [-] "A Consolidated-Minded Woman" 
		This is a woman with twelve toes and a "rainbow arm" (deformed or bent like a
		rainbow) who is gifted in dreams. She shocked and surprised Hyatt by revealing to him
		that she had dreamed he was a priest -- something he kept hidden from all his informants. 
		Her interview is in Vol.2, pp.1093-1097
		The (?) beside her informant # is Hyatt's. He lists her as 
		Informant #825 (?); cylinder A382:4-A388:9 = 1198-1203
		The cylinder numbers accord with the informant number; unclear why he appended the (?).         
    #826 - [-] might be a man because he talks about his pocket
		To make a person miss you, place a picture of them on top of a glass of sugar water. 
		(entry 8434, cylinder 1205:9)
		Take a bottle of water, add sugar until no more sugar will dissolve, put your boss's name 
		in water with your name and shake up. Keep in your poke and shake it whenever you're 
		talking to your boss.
		(entry 2150, cylinder 1211:1)
	#827 - 
    #828 - [-] 
         Salt and black pepper cleaning. 
         entry 1459, cylinder 1214:4)
         Any powder is goofer dust. 
         (entry 675, cylinder 1218:1)
    #829 - #831
	#832 - [-]
		Saint Peter can do all things because he owns the keys to the kingdom. Put a key on
		a piece of blue ribbon and string it around his neck. It is very important that you
		understand that a saint is an extension of God. 
		(entry 3028, cylinder 1244:2)
	#833 - 
    #834 - [-] 
         Informant described rattlesnake dust mixed with Moving Powder. 
         (entry 667, cylinder 1130:7) (NOTE cylinder number is a typo and should be cylinder 1230:7)
    #835 - #837
    #838 - 
         (entry 7836, cylinder 1260:10)
    #839 - 850
	#851 - [-] 
		Feet cleansing; Take Earth-warms about  hand full, buy some hog lard render the hod lard 
		with saltpeter, red pepper make it into a salve and cleans feet with it.
		Cleansing bath: Take quart of the "hurt" person's urine mix with nine pods of red pepper, 
		saltpeter, salt and boil. Bath in this mixture for nine mornings  on the ninth morning 
		you take the bath  water throw it over you shoulder and walk away and don't look back. 
		(entry 978, cylinder 1319:6) 
    #852 - Charlie Wilson, aka Alfred.
    
  March 16, 1938
  
  Recorded in the Patterson Hotel.
  
    #853 - [-], cylinder [1343:2]
    #853 - #854
    #855 - [-] 
		Saint Rita was beaten by her husband, thus she is bad luck to women with husbands. 
		She helps single women, but she will not do anything to help a women get a man.  
		(entry 3052, cylinder 1348:10)
		For money-luck: Give Saint Raymond a green candle or a green oil lamp, let it burn 
		for nine days (a novena). 
		(entry 3044, cylinder 1349:10)
		Throw that salt behind an enemy and curse to keep them away.
		(entry 9448, cylinder 1350:2)
    #856 - 
    #857 - [-] 
    	Saint Jewel [Saint Jule, Saint Jude] is boss of all saints; when all other 
    	saints have turned their backs on you; yellow candle.
		(entry 10204, cylinder 1364:9)
    #858 - Lewis [-] Male; his mother was named Ida. He had a stepfater.
         This story takes place when "I lived with mah mothah. I lived in Castel
         [North Carolina]." The story involves Lewis, Ida, Carrie, Carrie's aunt, 
         Dr. Williams ("a country doctor"), Ole Man Stuckey (a white "faith doctor," 
         deceased by 1938), and old man Frank Bethe (a black "root doctor" of Dunn, 
         North Carolina, who had a daughter). 
         The informant liked two girls in school and wished to marry one of them. The 
         aunt of the rejected girl hurt Lewis, saying that if he wouldn't marry
         Carrie (her niece), he would not marry at all. She fixed his drink. He would
         "have spells right aroun' eight an' nine o'clock at night." He would
         commence gittin' dizzy an' funny an' sort of shakey." He went to a "country
         doctor," Dr. Williams, to no avail. Dr. Williams suggested a hospital, but
         along came "Ole Man Stuckey - he's dead, he's a white fellah called a faith
         doctor" and "Mr. Stuckey [told Ida] somebody have put a spell on [the
         informant]" and "recommended ole man Frank Bethe, [of] Dunn, North Carolina,
         which is not quite a hunderd mile from here. [...] He's a ole man who wears
         his pants backwards - de front part of his pants is backward. Dat's
         a'showing, de sign dat he's a root doctor, indiff'rent [diff'rent] from
         anybody else. Not all of 'em will do dat." Five people made the trip to Dunn
         and Frank Bethe identified the informant as the one who was "hot" (had been
         hurt) and also told his stepfather how many punctures he'd had in his tires.
         Frank Bethe had three rooms, and in the third, "he had a long bench an' a
         nice line of chairs on the left-hand side." There were " big letters all
         around the wall - F-R-A-N-K B-E-T-H-E, Frank Bethe." The family sat on the
         bench. They had come at dusk, and as darkness fell, the room lit up without
         a lamp. Frank then entered and truthfully accused one of the men in the
         party of "talking slack" about his (Frank's) daughter, which he could not
         have heard, as they were in the car passing through the field when it
         happened. He berated them for their lack of "respect." He then sat the
         informant in a chair, asked him if he could read, and told that he could,
         gave him a book to read out loud. All members of the party then fell asleep.
         The informant was awakened while the others snored, and Frank Bethe told him
         that "a black woman [...] put a spell on yah [...] it's two girls you was
         goin' with, one of them's daughter [niece] an' she jes' put a spell on you."
         Bethe said, "I'm goin' fix it for you. [...] I'll fix what I'm gon'a use."
         As far as payment went, he told the informant, "You jis' take mah money an'
         carry it on the back of your house [in Castel], on the east end, an' put it
         in a piece of paper - don't bury it - a piece of newspaper an' wrap it up
         [...and...] I'll git it." Bethe put his hand over (on) the informant's
         forehead and the light grew bright again, and he said, "Well, I think
         ever'thing will be all right." Hyatt believed that this tale indicated
         colusion between Mr. Stuckey the white "faith doctor" of Castel, NC and
         Frank Bethe, the black "root doctor" of Dunn, NC. 
         (entry ???, cylinder ???) <-- my error! cat 
    #859 - #862
    #863 - "The Unkus Man" so-called because he apparently tried
         to tell Hyatt about the Nkisi ("Unkus"), Congolese deities -- which Hyatt
         did not understand. (Thanks to Eoghan Craig Ballard for bringing this to my
         attention!) He also told Hyatt that much of his information came from books
         published by "Doctor DeLong" of Chicago -- actually L. W. DeLaurence of
         Chicago, whose most famous magical tome, "The Great Book of Magic and Hindu
         Spirit Art" was cited by The Unkus Man as "The Great Book of Magic -- Hindu
         Studies." The Unkus Man apparently owned an early edition (pre-WW I) of
         DeLaurence's book because he described its leather talisman case and
         parchment talismans, which were not included in later editions. His
         Interview is in Volume Two, pages 1296 - 1309. 
         (cylinders A568 - A574 = 1379 - 1385) 
         The Unkus Man mentioned a fellow root worker then in New Orleans, "Jughead"
         Johnson, but Hyatt was unable to locate him. 
         According to my own research, i believe that this informant, "The Unkus
         Man," may be Jamaican.  He references "The English colony" and Jamaica was
         an English colony. He references Logwood and Logwood grows in Jamaica. He
         references Dibby-Dibby and Dibby-dibby is a Jamaican slang term that has
         many meanings, one of which is "of no account or worthless." Also, this is
         the man who bought books on occultism and a scrying mirror from L. W. 
         deLaurence in Chicago -- and de Laurence sold extensively in Jamaica. Plus,
         the man seems to worry about the legality of owning books by de Laurence or
         working with Moses -- and it so happens that the old grimoire called "The
         6th and 7th Books of Moses" -- which de Laurence sold -- was at one time
         outlawed in Jamaica and was illegal to possess. To this day i get phone
         calls from folks in Jamaica wanting me to ship the book to their friends in
         the US who will hand-carry it into Jamaica for them.
    #864 - [-] "The Boy-Girl". A person of ambiguous gender, born c. 1913.
		It is unknown whether this interviewee, the Boy-Girl, was an effeminate homosexual or an
		anatomical intersexual, but Hyatt believed the latter. In social terms, the "Boy-Girl"
		readily explained that he-she was a "freak" as a result of his-her mother having been
		"fixed" (hoodooed) during pregnancy. He-she was 25 years old at the time of the interview,
		lived with a "dago" (Italian) man, and was unusually articulate about sexuality,
		inter-racial relations in NOLA, and details of the "hustling" life. He-she was also an
		excellent rootworker, having learned many tricks from a grandmother, Henrietta Joseph, who
		practiced in the Girard Park Drive area of New Orleans under the professional name Madame
		Joseph. Unlike some of Hyatt's other informants, the "Boy-Girl" was aware both of the
		sociological importance of the interview and Hyatt's status as an outsider, and strove to
		give explicated and enhanced replies to simple questions so that Hyatt could understand.
		In addition to relating many conjure tricks, the "Boy-Girl" spoke about the lives of gay,
		lesbian, transsexual, and intersexed African-Americans in the context of the times and
		provided a cross-cultural linguistic exegesis on the terms "hustling," "sporting,"
		"jazzing" and "throwing down white men." The latter, for those whose curiosity is piqued,
		was a local term for a criminal rootwork practice engaged in by teamed pairs of African
		American prostitutes: one of them would jazz the trick, while the other robbed his pockets
		and then ensured a magically safe getaway for the pair by throwing holy water stolen from
		a Catholic church on the victim so that he would not be able to report them to the police.
		("Holy water keeps the law away. No man in high positions today can come where holy water
		is and do evil.") 
    	 The interview is in Volume Two, pages 1675 - 1689. 
    	 (cylinders A5574 - A5580:5 = 1390 - 1396) 
    #865 - #876
    #877 - [-] 
		To heal someone you make a doll baby and tie pink ribbon around it, and for every time 
		you've had that disease you put a knot in the ribbon. The person that picks up the doll 
		has the disease.
		(entry 1049, cylinder 1442:2)
		Mix dirt from a sinner's grave with vinegar and water to make mud, then dry
		it hard and cut into 4 small bricks; place at front and back doors and both
		sides of the house for protection.
		(entry 1311, cylinder 1438:3)

    #878 - #895?

Little Rock, AR

  April or May, 1938
  
  Hyatt mentions Albert Pike in introduction, Volume One, page
  XXXIII.
  
    #883 - [-] 
         Saint Joseph, Saint Peter, Saint Theresa.
         (entry 10205, cylinder 456:3)
    #??? - [-] 
         Informant tells how Aunt Caroline Dye cured her "crazy" female cousin from
         Oil Trough, Arkansas at Newport, Arkansas, in 1929 using Adam-and-Eve root
         and rattlesnake dust, plus a turpentine face wash. Informant's number was
         lost by Hyatt. 
         (entry 1092, cylinder 1460:13)
    #891 - #896
    #897 - [-] 
         informant gives recipe for goofer dust 
         (entry 665, cylinder 1468:12) 
    #898 - [-] An old man who had "been in the witchcraft business for 60 years;" 
         "Born in Louisiana -- raised in Saint Louis, Missouri." Hyatt called him 
         "Divine Healer." He offered to do a trance reading for Hyatt, but Hyatt
         refused (!), saying, "[This elderly man, informant 898, accepts hoodooism 
         because he says the Bible proves the existence of witchcraft. Some of 
         his experiences with the evil are described. I had had doctors tell me 
         about my business, but this old fellah's "meditation" -- I didn't want 
         him passing out in my presence. His estimation of the number of white 
         and colored believers in this mess, I discuss at the proper place in the 
         text. The two cylinders used are important beyond their number --
         B12:6 - B13:5 = 1470 - 1471.]" Among others, this man said that he had
         healed "Miss Alice W., in Prescott, Arkansas," and the wife of "David M.,"
         for which "White folks given me a write-up" (newspaper article?). He also
         cured an unnamed married woman in Warren, Arkansas. He did no bad work,
         only spiritual work, for both "white and colored." He described how to 
         produce live things with snake blood in whiskey, and how to take them off 
         with an emetic root tea which would cause the victim to vomit them up.  
         (Vol. 2, pp. p.1057 - 1058 etc. cylinders B12:6-B13:5 = 1470 - 1471) 
    #899 - #902
    #903 - [-] 
         graveyard dirt with saltpeter for protection of house
         (entry 1319, cylinder 1475:4)
    #904 - #913
  
  May 18, 1938 Wednesday
  
    #914 - Doctor [-] Cunningham. 
         "[Doctor Cunningham, Informant 914, had refused to visit me, therefore I
         went to him at his request. He is the only doctor I personally ever called
         on, except for those few out in country districts like Madam Griffin and
         Frank Harris - see INTRODUCTION. My contact man Edward, our local automobile
         man and I arrived with the equipment. A woman who opened the door said the
         patient then with the doctor would soon leave. I had expected a line of
         patients and a long wait, but the doctor had a better trick waiting for me.
         I do not remember the interview except for three indications in the text:
         the departure of the patient, the brief and truthful note the spirit wrote
         to me before my very eyes, and the woman calling out to the doctor during
         interview - this latter a prearranged signal meaning; hers 'Is everything
         all right,' and his 'Everything is O.K.' Though the spirit-note you will
         read is true, the spirit writer rather downgrades my intelligence and
         experience." Little Rock, Ark., May 18, 1938 - 914 - Cunningham - doctor."  
         Numbers Book 885-977. This material is on cylinders B13:1-B22:5 = 1476-1480.]

Memphis, TN

  May 24 or May 25, 1938 (Tuesday or Wednesday)

    #915 - [-] 
		Goofer dust comes from an "order house" and is placed "in the mattress" 
		(entry 680, cylinder 1482:8) 
		(NOTE: In the introduction this informant number is assigned to cylinder 1418:1; the 
		numbers are not reconcilable and one of them, probably 1418, must be a typographical 
		error, perhaps for 1481).
    #916 - [-]
		Devil's Powder, purchased out of a catalogue from Saint Louis, keeps away the law.
		(entry 1828, cylinder 1485:6)
	#917 - #919
    #920 - [-], "The landlady at the Eureka Hotel."
		 Write your enemy's name 9 times every which way on a hen's egg, take it to a river, 
		 make an evil wish ("that son-of-a-bitch leave town"), and throw it in to give him  
		 the Walking Blues.
		 (entry 1848, cylinder 1487:7)
    #921 - #924
    #925 - [-], 
		(entry 2281, cylinder 1502:1) [Is this the Jack-Ball man mis-noted as #825?]
    #926 -  Mrs. Myrtle Collins / Madam Collins of 651 Stephens Street (now Stephens Place), a 
		professional root worker, was interviewed here for the first time, cylinders [B45:19 -
		B51:1 = 1503 - 1509]; she was the only person interviewed twice. Her later interview was
		as informant #1538 on cylinders [D96:1 - D110-2 = 2779 - 2793]. See Volume Two, pages
		992-1024. Her business card appears in the unnumbered pages at the end of Volume Two.
		Myrtle Collins told Hyatt that she had studied spiritual work by mail order and had
		received a diploma from the Rociscrucians (AMORC) in San Jose, California ("de White
		Brothers"). She had travelled to San Jose, and she bought herbs and other spiritual
		supplies from the Rosicrucians, both in person and by mail. She offered to teach rootwork
		for a fee and she described paying for teachings and buying formulas from other root
		doctors (including Doctor Cicero Reed, a white doctor of San Jose, California (deceased by
		1938), to whom she had paid $25.00 for the recipe for a three-ingredient bath to restore
		men's lost nature.) 
		See "Notes on the Memphis hoodoo root worker Madam Myrtle Collins" 
		for further details and maps of her neighborhood.
    #927 - 
	#928 - [-] 
		For protection: Read psalms 37 for three days straight, point the Bible facing the east 
		and leave it open to the Psalms. 
		(entry 1119, cylinder 1510:14)
	#929 - #931
    
  May 26, 1938 Thursday

    #932 - [-], cylinder [1512:15]
    #933 - #937
    #938 - [-] 
         Graveyard dirt, sugar, and red pepper for protection.
         (entry 1314, cylinder 1517:13)
         Working with the zodiacal signs and with the waxing and waning moon.
         (entry 942. Vol. I, pg. 357, (cylinder #1518:8)
    #939 - #949
	#950 - [-] "A Hustling Woman"
	#951
    #952 - [-]
         cylinder [1538:10]
    #953 - #956
	#957 - [-] 
		Tack the King, Queen, Jack, and 10 of Diamonds over the door, burn incense, and clean  
		with lye; this will help you win at gambling and sell illegal whiskey. 
		(entry 2208, cylinder 1541:1)
	#958 - 
    #959 - [-] 
         A bath before gambling: bluestone, saltpeter, sugar, and your own urine; bathe downward 
		and say the Lord's Prayer three times [to cleanse], then dress your playing cards with 
		"any kind of oil that you believe in" [to draw luck]; asked which oil, informant said 
		Rose Oil from the drugstore. 
		(entry 1719 cylinder 1542:12)

  May 27, 1938 Friday

    #960 - [-] Hyatt said,  "excellent hoodoo woman, my rapid hand transcription of cylinder 
		missed by my trasnscriber."
		If they're burning a candle on you, you burn - now this is the same thing you kin do. You
		kin burn this same red candle. You burn this red candle, you stick it in 3 pins. See, you
		fightin' against them. You says, "I wish my enemy would leave me alone." An' then you go
		an' throw you a handful of salt in the fire an' you says, "I wish my enemies quit working
		after me an' leave me alone In the Name of the Lord." An' take you a bath in some
		saltpeter, bluestone an' sugar, an' repeat the Lord's prayer 3 times, see. You see, you
		burn this candle, that would set them down. Or else, you kin put 'em down sick. You kin
		git a purple candle an' you light it an' you make your wish an' put some salt in there an'
		spit in it, see. An' you burn it on 'em again an' you says, I wish whosomever this is
		that's workin' after me will leave me alone," an' spit in it. You see, that'll drop 'em.
		That'll drop 'em. That'll put 'em down sick. That'll make 'em drop. An' continue to burn
		brimstone [not mentioned previously in this rite but surely in some previous part of the
		interview]. See, that brimstone is the best thing in the world, that brimstone. An' sugar.
		Continue with that sugar in the fire, see; Monday, Wednesday and Friday.
        (entry 10183, 1544:9.)
		Write names of 12 Apostles, pin them on you, and also write Psalm 70. Write them every
		time the moon changes. Take off the old one and put on the new ones for protection.
		(entry 10663, cylinder 1546:10)
    #961 -
	#962 - [-]
		Take a tissue or a piece of paper put menstrual blood on it. Wrap money in this paper or
		tissue  and no one will win against you. 
		(entry 2284, cylinder 1552:4)
    #963 - [-] 
		"Long rite missed by transcriber": Woman wipes man with new handkerchief, rolls it in tube
		(phallus), ties a hard knot in it, unrolls, and spreads under bed tick, kills his nature.
		(entry 10240, cylinder 1556:1)
    #964 
    #965 - [-] 
         Graveyard dirt at-four-corners of house to move people out
         (entry 7638, cylinder 1557:1)
    #966 - 
    #967 - [-] woman, 55-60 years old, born in Saltsville, NC, who says of herself:
		"Now, ah'll tell yuh tuh show yuh dat ah kin know somepin. Ah were born in dis world feet
		foremost. Ah wuz wrapped in a veil three times. [This means] yuh talk tuh anyone in three
		tongues an' yuh kin sing ole-time songs, mah mothah said. Mah parents an' both mah
		gran'parents said ah had plenty hair on me befo' dey had dern [theirs]. Well, ah wuz born
		between de legs [of my mother] as a woman. Yes sir, ah wuz born wit mah teeth. Ah'd [I
		had] it [them] pulled an' nevah shed a tooth in mah life. Ah wuz de seventh chile outa
		seven daughtahs, born on de third day of de new moon. An' yuh know, mahself as a virgin
		should be wise [a woman of 55-60 years old]. Ah kin rub [you] if anybody did anythin' tuh
		yuh an' it'll all go away. Ah know ah wuz born tuh work [hoodoo]. No one taught me. Ah wuz
		born in North Carolina, in Saltsville [lake?] where's dere nuthin but Geechees [ge'che,
		singular]. Mah fathah wuz a full-blooded Geechee, mah mothah wuz a Amasha woman, black
		Creek Indian, etc., etc." Hyatt added, "[This woman, quite eccentric, was a professional
		worker and excellent. Unfortunately, except for the preceding account and No.2328, p.652,
		I lost all of her material. She claimed to be a Geechee (gi'che, word from Ogeechee, a
		dialect originally of Negro slaves on the Ogeechee River, Georgia, formed of English and
		native African words. I found it difficult to understand either the Geechee or the Gullah,
		the latter along the lowlands and off-shore islands of South Carolina, Georgia and the
		northern coastal tip of Florida. A black man I interviewed at Ocean City, Md., in 1926, he
		working for his M.A. at Howard University, had spent several weeks in Charleston, S. Car.
		His opinion to me was: Those people down there are not Americans, they are Africans. I
		could scarcely understand a word they said.]"
		(entry 7190, cylinder 1564:5)
    #968 - #974
    #975 - [-] 
		Graveyard dirt and sulphur buried at crossroads in cross form for protection.
		(entry 1317, cylinder 1578:11)
    #976 - [-]
		Love spell: your own hair in printed newspaper in your shoes. 
		(entry 6119, cylinder 1579:11)

  May 28, 1938 Saturday

    #977 - [-] A man.
		If you are playing poker and catch the Queen of Diamonds, secretly rub Hoyt's Cologne on it 
		(from a mini-bottle in your pocket) and keep it turned toward you in your hand, not putting 
		it in the discards, and as long as you have her, you will keep on winning. 
		(entry 2207, cylinder 1582:3)
		While this man was being interviewed, the police came in to throw Hyatt out. They called
		him a son-of-a-bitch and although he went limp (he called it "comatose") they beat him. 
		This took place on a Saturday, prsesumeably May 28. The police took him back to the Pabody 
		Hotel, where he cnvinced them he had police permission "to work in the district" (that is, 
		in the Negro section of the city). This event almost brought the work of tis collection to 
		a halt. Hyatt was so shaken by the police that there were 539 informants before he returned 
		to Memphis, with informant #1516. See Volume One, page XXXIV for full details. 
        See Volume Two, pages 1556-67 (Madam Wiley).

Hyatt took a trip with Alma across Canada, down the Pacific Coast to Mexico, and home by way of
the Grand Canyon. 

New York City, NY

  January 23, 1939
  
    Hyatt sent a letter to Edward Bufford, Jr., contact man from Mobile, AL. Bufford agreed to be 
	his driver in FL.

    "Numbers Book #11," containing the records about informants #977-#1290 was later lost by  
	Hyatt. Therefore information about the period from February 10 through April 1, 1939 is 
	uncharacteristicly vague and sketchy.

Saint Petersburg, FL

  Hyatt stayed at the white-owned Vinoy Park Hotel and conducted interviews at the black-owned 
  Clark Hotel.

  February 10, 1939 
  
    Hyatt began work but without good results 

  February 13, 1939 
    
		In testing the recording stylus, Hyatt commented that the past few days had not gone well
		because "the people here don't seem to know as much [about hoodoo] as [in] some of the
		other places."
    (cylinder 1677:9)
    
    #978 - #1003
    #1004 - [-] 
		A rising tide trick: throw left foot print dirt into ocean as tide is rising to draw them
		back, "when the tide is going up."
		(Entry 5782, cylinder 1620:3)
    #1005 - [-] 
		To become a witch, sell youself to the devil at the crossroads at midnight on a young
		(newly waxing) Moon.
          (entry 10496, cylinder 1621:2)
    #1006 - Janey May [-] Surname unknown
    #1007 - [-] 
		Raw egg stirred into ginger ale, taken 3 times a day to restore sexual potency
		(entry 10234, cylinder 1628:11)
    #1008 - John Bidgood
		"What did they call it when you were a boy?" asked Hyatt. "Dey call it hoodoo. Yeah, dey
		called it de hoodoo man, de cunjure." John Bidgood then tells a story about his cousin
		(his father's brother's son), Bill Bidgood of Blacksburg, South Carolina, who lived 12
		miles from John's home. (Bill died in 1906 in Cincinatti; he was older than John.) One
		year, Bill owed the white man whom he rented from about $300.00 and he could not pay the
		debt. He "was in a strain to keep the white man from taking all hs cotton." He went to a
		cunjure man in Charleston, who lived way out in the country and had a beard so long it
		hung down and covered his stomach. The man told him he would fix the problem: If Bill was
		willing to trade some pigs for the debt, the white man would call it even. He said he
		would accept no payment in advance for doing the job, but that if it went as planned, Bill
		was to wrap the payment up in a cloth and place it above his door at home. Bill met the
		white man and, as predicted, he accepted a few pigs for the debt and called it even. Bill
		wrapped the conjure man's payment in cloth, placed it over the door at night, and the next
		morning it was gone.
		(entry 849, cylinder 1629:4)
		John T. Bidgood was easy for me to research online. He is listed as "negro" or "colored" 
		in a number of Saint Petersburg census reports and city directories from 1926 to 1948, 
		the year he died. He gave two different ages, resulting in two different birth years 
		(1871 and 1978) to census-takers, and so did his wife Sallie (1882 and 1885). These 
		may have been transcription errors by the census taker or deliberate attempts to present 
		a false age to government agents. John was born in North Carolina, and Sallie was born
		in South Carolina. Once in Florida, he was employed for many years as a janitor at the
		American Bank and Trust Co., but in 1935, in the wake of the bank crashes of the Great
		Depression, he was enrolled in the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (F.E.R.A) for
		supplementary income. When the economy improved, he worked as a "yardman" (gardener).
		Sallie was a laundress, working at home. The couple owned their own home at 2220 7th
		Avene S., Saint Petersburg, Pinellas County, Florida, right down the street from the 
		Souls Harvest Fellowship church. 
    #1009 - #1038
	#1039 - [-] 
		To make someone come home scrape the inside of their shoe toe out with a knife and place   
		the scrapings in a bottle and bury it facing the east. 
		(entry 5221, cylinder 1685)
	#1040 - #1041
    #1042 - [-] 
		Don't play the numbers on the New Moon; you'll get only unanticipated and low numbers; 
		play on the Full Moon for high number winnings.
        (entry 958, Vol. 1, pg. 359, cylinder 1627:6) 
        Get away spell: throw foot track in water
        (entry 5778, cylinder 1687:2)
    #1043 - 1045
    #1046 - [-] 
        Let the north wind blow graveyard dirt to carry your troubles away
		(entry 1323, cylinder 1701:6)

Palm Beach, FL

  February 23, 1939

    #1047 - #1052 (my approximation)
    #???? - [-], 
          cylinder [1717:1]
    
Saint Petersburg, FL

  Februar 24, 1939 (my approximation)

    #1053 [-]
		Hyatt called this male professional root doctor "Publicity and Healing" because "informant
		does say the lack of publicity for his fellow workers causes suffering among persons who
		have been hoodooed -- these latter not knowing where to find someone like himself,
		qualified to remove spells."
		Described methods of working with the Moon, Mars, Jupiter, eclipses, and Zodiacal signs.
		(Vol. 2, p. 1243, cylinders C126:10-C134:6 = 1707:10-1714:6)
    #1054 - #1057 (my approximation)
    
New York City, NY

	Hyatt briefly returned home, then sent Edward Bufford, Jr. ahead to Waycross, GA, where
	Bufford found two contact men whose names and numbers were lost with "Numbers Book #11"

Waycross, GA
   
	The Waycross collection began approximately March 2, 1939 and ran until around March 9 or
	10 (about one week), during which time approximately 100 root workers were interviewed
	(about 12 - 15 per day).

  At least some interviews conducted at the Cooper Hotel.
  (see note to cylinder 1855:1)
  
  March 5, 1939 ("The date of this interview is March 5, 1939.")
  
	#1158 - [-] Professional root doctor, Vol. 2, pp.1210-14
		If a woman gets live things in her, she can menstruate to death, whereas a man will
		defecate to death. Use of Solomonic seals and astrological information for timing with
		lunar Zodiac, from almanac, and from tides at river's mouth. Spirits of L. L. Young and O.
		L. Young. 
    	(C320:3-C346:1 = 1091-1927)
    #1061 - [-] 
		Throw salt after person suspected of witchcraft as they leave your house and if they are a
		witch, they won't return.
		(entry 9446, cylinder 1720:5)
    #1065 - [-] 
		If a witch is coming to you by night, put a handful of sand by the bed and he will have to
		count every grain and can't mess with you.
		(entry 10464, cylinder 1723:17)
    #1066 - [-] 
		Burn brimstone (sulphur), fat-lighter pine splinters, buzzard feathers, and tar around
		your place to kill all poison.
		(entry 1152, cylinder 1724:7)
    #1067 - [-] 
		To take off witchcraft, steal an Irish potato and carry it in your pocket until it gets
		hard like a brick, then eat it.
		(entry 1424, cylinder 1728:7)
    #1068 - [-]
		After intercourse if a woman wipes herself (and/or the man? -- unclear) with her soiled
		monthly period rag, when he goes with another woman, "it'll fall" -- no erection.
		(entry 3123, cylinder 1728:11)
    #1069 - 
    #1071 - [-] 
		Go to crossroads at midnight with your guitar, sell yourself to the devil, don't be afraid
		of all sorts of devils who will appear, and you will be able to become a musician;
		informant says that he or she has never tried it, though.
		(entry 10512, cylinder 1731:5)
    #1072 - [-] A woman who used Hyatt as a stand-in for her husband in describing a trick ("just 
		like you and I, your wife...")
		Wife's urine in bread for 9 mornings makes husband stay home
		(entry 4120, cylinder 1733:5) 
		Nail horseshoes over front and back doors and never be troubled with witchcraft or evil 
		spirits.
		(entry 1344, cylinder 1733:6)
    #1073 - [-] Probably a woman; refers to practitioner as "she."
		Gave her [?] mother's spell to carry foot track of unwanted person to crossroad and throw 
		it in.
		(entry 5428, cylinder 1733:11)
		To cure asthma, catch a frog, hold his mouth open and breathe into it three times; this
		transfers the asthma to the frog; similar to asthma cure by informant 1166, also of
		Waycross.
		(entry 1282, cylinder 1735:7)
    #1074 - [-] 
		To make someone stay in a house, get some of their clothes and dust from around the house,
		bottle both together and fasten the bottle (hidden) to the house; they won't leave; this
		(entry 4760, cylinder 1736:6)
		Powdered rattlesnake head as goofer dust. 
		(entry 669, cylinder 1737:9) 
		Fix a mockingbird egg and feed it to a pregnant woman in tea and her child will be a 
		tattletale; see #1149, also from Waycross.
		(entry 1391, cylinder 1740:1)
		Split a frog open and tie it on a person to stop spasms and fits.
		(entry 1265, cylinder 1740:5)
    #1075 - 
    #1076 - [-] probably a man, due to type of spell.
		Take a live snail and kill it in alcohol to dry it up, put this on hand, wipe woman's leg
		and she can't have intercourse with another man.
          (entry 3638, cylinder 1742:11)
		Take a live frog and kill it in alcohol until it is petrified and carry it in your pocket
		for good luck socializing or getting and keeping a job.
          (entry 9970, cylinder 1743:5)
    #1077 - [-] probably a woman, due to the nature of the trick.
		If a woman's partner is running around and she wants to break it up, she can steal the
		woman's dishrag and let a live snail crawl on it, then let the man wipe himself with that
		dishrag after sex with her and he can't have connection with the other woman.
          (entry 3362, cylinder 1743:6)   
    #1078 - #1079
    #1080 - [-]
		Put salt on a man to cut off his gambling luck
		(entry 9498, cylinder 1749.) (1749. is correct, no other #)
    #1081 - #1083
    #1084 - [-] 
		Mix cat hair and enemy hair in a bottle of vinegar, shaken, placed under enemy's doorstep, 
		enemy goes crazy.     
		(entry 5836, cylinder 1752:11)
		To cure impotence, bathe downward with milk 9 mornings and each day throw the used milk 
		toward the rising sun.
          (entry 10261, cylinder 1753:5)
    #1085 -
    #1086 - [-] Speech sounds like a woman; every spell begins with the phrase "here's another 
		one" and she [?] carefully restates some dialect terms in mainstream English for Hyatt's
		sake (e.g. "a small hoecake of bread which we say"); she only uses the word "witchcraft,"
		never "hoodoo" and she refers to an older root doctor as an a "master craftman" in echo of
		Freemasonic terminology.
		To take off witchcraft, get a gourd and grind it up, then heat in water with saltpeter,
		sulphur, and salt; bathe downward in this and carry the used bath water to a river and
		throw it in.
		(entry 1303, cylinder 1754:2)  
		To turn back witchcraft, make a hoecake (bread) with 2 cups of meal, a cup of salt, and
		your own chamber lye (urine); clear a space on the hearth ashes, lay down a piece of
		homespun cloth, pat out the hoecake, and let it dry, then turn it toward the fire by
		lifting the edge of the cloth and flipping it, and when it burns up, that turns the spell
		back on the person who sent it; this spell was learned "from a ole master craftman"
		(entry 1330, cylinder 1754:4) 
		To bring luck, protect from being witchcrafted, and also keep away evil spirits, grind
		dirt dauber nest dirt with "sweet spices" [kitchen spices] and sprinkle or throw the
		powder up into the air.
		(entry 1219, cylinder 1754:5)         
    #???? - [-], 
          (cylinder 1757:5)          
    #1089 - [-] 
          person says he or she has been lucky in cards after
          peeing on own hands
          (entry 3995, cylinder 1757:7)
    #1093 - [-] 
		Woman puts a man's hat bow in her own chamber-lye urine and he goes crazy for her and 
		can't quit her.
		(entry 4686, cylinder 1760:12)
		Kill and cook a bullbat (whippoorwill or nighthawk bird) and feed to someone; they will 
		die if not magically cured.
		(entry 10599, cylinder 1762:9)
		Kill snake, scorpion or spider and name for enemy, turn dead animal over daily for 9 days 
		calling enemy's name, then parch animal dry, powder it, put the powder in whiskey or tea 
		and feed to enemy; nine days later they get live things in them.
		(entry 6606, cylinder 1762:10)
    #1094 -
    #1095 - [-] 
		"[Go] to de fo'ks of de road 'bout twelve or one a'clock in de night an' git some sand ...
		an' put it in a bag ... an' put it ovah yore mantlepiece. Go tuh de graveyard . ]... an'
		git some dirt an' sew it up wit dat. An' dat'ud make yo' lucky -- good a jomo as yo'want."
		(entry 2039, cylinder 1764:6)
		9 drops of toad frog blood in a half pint of whiskey will cure a drunkard.
		(entry 9922, cylinder 1765:15)
		To make a fellow unlucky, stick a needle in his coattail, point down.
		(entry 9779, cylinder 1765:16)
    #1096 - 
    #1097 - [-] 
		Recipe for goofer dust with snake shed.
		(cylinder 1769:1)
		Buzzard grease rubbed on to cure rheumatism, also allows witches to slip through a keyhole.
		(entry 1150, cylinder 1773:2)
    #1098 - #1101
    #1102 - 
		Split open a live frog as a poultice for poison.
		(entry 9926, cylinder 1776:17)
    #1102 - 
    #1103 -
    #1104 - [-] 
		Tie Adam and Eve Root, Queen Elizabeth Root, and Five Finger Grass together and soak in 
		whiskey seven days, bathe or anoint yourself with this to reunite with lover
		(entry 10629, cylinder 1778:1)  
		Wash bald head with dog's milk to restore hair growth.
		(entry 1232, cylinder 1778:14)        
    #1105 - #1109
    #1110 - [-] (apparently a man engaged in "runnin' a bad house" or other illegal activities, 
		as per the spells he gave)
		Sell yourself to the devil at the crossroads at midnight to learn to pick guitar.
		(entry 10506, cylinder 1783:6)
		To protect illegal ventures, get a new pincushion and 2 packs of needles and stick the 
		needles in everywhere, hang it over the door; you won't get pulled (in); it you are, 
		you'll get clear.
		(entry 9853 (1783:11)         
		Throw the bloodhounds off your scent with graveyard dirt.
		(entry 7319, cylinder 1784:5)
    #1111 - #1115 (my approximation) 

  March 3, 1939 (Friday)

    #1116 - [-] Hyatt called her a "root doctor and woman, good")
          unknown data at (cylinder 1787:3)
		  If antipating a court case, begin 9 days before the case comes to court, and tie a 
		  knot each day in a long string as you say, "Let me win this case," and each morning dip 
		  the string into Hoyt's Cologne and wear it around your waist (9 days, 9 knots). 
		  (entry 2047, cylinder 1792:5)
          Kill a bat, cut the heart out, sew it into a red silk bag, and tie it to your left arm 
          for gambling luck; this is a variant of a German folk-magic spell printed in            
          "Pow-Wows or the Long Lost Friend" by John George Hohman; 
          see also informant #1134
          (entry 10587, cylinder 1793:1)
          Sprinkle salt on a frog's head, shut him in a can, place under a gambler's chair to 
          make him or her lose (unusual reversal of the general frog-torture for gambling luck)
          (entry 9960, cylinder 1793:2)         
    #1117 -
    #1118 - [-] Hyatt called her a "small-time root woman." 
		Sugar, sulphur, and Heart Perfume (Hoyt's Cologne). Mix those three things and burn
		them at six o'clock and read Psalm 47. After the reading of Psalm 47, say "May my crowd
		gather thick, may my crowd gather thick tonight. In the name of the Father, in the name of
		the Son, in the name of the Holy Spirit." 
		(entry 2420, cylinder 1795:5)
		Salt and saltpeter bath as cure for tricks.
		(entry 1458, cylinder 1796:1)
    #1119 - #1120
    #1121 - [-] may be a woman due to nature of spells and speech.
		tie a fresh chicken egg and hang over the door so child will cut teeth without pain.
		(entry 1167, cylinder 1803:3)
		to cure yellow jaundice, cook and eat an entire chicken.
		(entry 1159, cylinder 1803:5)
		get 9 goldhead (goldeye) needles and stick them in the ground at the front gate, five 
		heads (eyes) up and four down, and nothing in the world can harm you.
		(entry 9836, cylinder 1803:8)
    #1122 - [-] probably a man, as he describes the tricker as a man ("he").
		To poison or hurt through the feet with rheumatism or dropsy, get the enemy's shoes and fix 
		them with his own excrement, plus salt and red pepper.
		(entry 4401, cylinder 1803:1)
		To run a "good business" in your home and attract customers, get two horseshoes
		and buy new red cloth, new Red Devil lye, and new salt at the store; cut the cloth in long
		strips and wrap the horseshoes with it; put one horseshoe over the front door and one over
		the back door; bury the Red Devil lye and salt at the doorsteps (informant does not state,
		but usually these would be buried in their store boxes); then circle the house just before
		dawn, sprinkling a mixture of your own chamber lye (urine) in which is dissolved a handful
		each of sugar and salt; (Hyatt calls this "perhaps the largest hand ever wrapped in red"
		and was apparently unaware that this form of winding red cloth, ribbon, or thread around a
		horseshoe is exactly the same as a Mexican and Guatemalan package amulet hung on the wall
		for good luck and called El Secreto de la Virtuousa Herradura (Secret of the Virtuous Horseshoe)
          (entry 22518, cylinder 1804:11)
    #1123 - #1124 
    #1125 - "The Laughing Doctor," "a woman of large size" who was the landlady of the contact man 
		Edward Bufford, Jr. in Waycross. Hyatt described her as "an able person" much given to 
		laughter, hence the nickname he gave her. Her lengthy interview was conducted on two 
		separate days and took a total of 24 cylinders to record; cylinders 
		C235:4 - C250:1 = 1816 - 1831 (part one) and  
		C384:1 - C392:5 = 1965 - 1973 (part two). 
		The complete interview: Volume Two, on pages 1470 - 1500. 

  March 6, 1939 (Monday, informant # is my approximation)
 
    #1126 - [-] 
          woman prepares a bath for man and swirls a snail around in it;
          when he washes with the snail water he is fixed and can't go
          with another woman outside her because "he will fall" 
          (entry 3692, cylinder 1832:9)
          throw down salt and sweep out after unwanted person
          (entry 9457, cylinder 1832:12)
    #1127 - [-] Informant is a married woman, mentions "my husband"
          and tells funny story of ex-friend who wanted her husband, 
          tried to take her foot track but got her own track by mistake, 
          threw it into running water, and 3 days later tried to drown 
          herself
          (entry 5781, cylinder 1833:4)
    #1128 - [-] probably a man due to the nature of the trick
          get 3 hairs of a woman and 3 Camel brand cigarettes; thread 
          each hair into one of the cigarettes; smoke them on three 
          successive days; the woman will be "took in" (tricked for love)
          (entry 6169, cylinder 1833:6)
    #1129 - [-] 
          to move a family, find a big red ants' bed near their house, then 
          get crumbs from their cooking and carry them to the ants' bed
          (entry 10650, cylinder 1835:3)
          snail and earthworm "wax" (mucus) mixed and rubbed on woman causes 
          penis captivus if she has sex with another man; you'll catch him
          (entry 10267, cylinder 1836:1)
    #1130 - #1132
    #1133 - [-] 3 to 6 brand new pins or needles fixed in bed to keep you 
          from resting or sleeping
          (entry 9795, cylinder 1939:7)
    #1134 - [-] probably a woman due to nature of tricks and wording used
          cut the heart from a living bat, wrap it in red flannel, and tie it 
          under your right arm for luck; except for the substitution of red 
          flannel for red silk, this is a direct copy of a German folk-magic spell            
          printed in "Pow-Wows or the Long Lost Friend" by John George Hohman, 
          first published in German in Pennsylvania in 1820 and translated into English 
          in 1848; by the early 20th century this book was widely available in the 
          African-American community both in the South and the North through weekly ads 
          in the nationally-distributed black-owned Chicago Defender newspaper; note also 
          that although many informants in Waycross Georgia gave variants of this spell, 
          informant 1134 is the only one who gives it virtually "by the book;" others tie 
          the charm to the left arm or left wrist, carry it in the pocket, etc. See
          informants #1116, #1136, #1159, #1166, #1167          
          (entry 10551, cylinder 1841:3)
          To rule or command someone or drive them away, put Devil's Shoe String and
          Adam and Eve Root over your door and let them walk under, then tell (or
          think) what you want them to do.
          (entry 10616, cylinder 1842:1)
          gambling mojo: bluestone, silver dime, alum
          (entry 13000, cylinder 1842:9)
          Devil's Shoe Strings around legs for breaking a trick;
          informant's friend, a woman from "Fairfax [?]" cured by
          Uncle Tom Williams, a root doctor from "Sappville [?]" 
          [Hyatt was unsure, hence his "[?]" but there is a town called Sappville, GA,]
          (entry 1208, cylinder 1843:1) 
          parch 9 wood lice (pill bugs, sow bugs) and rub them in the 
          seat of a man's britches and he won't mess with anyone else
          (entry 10281, cylinder 1843:6)
    #1135 - [-] 
          To keep the law away, use a tiny hammer and tack 18 straight pins in a line
          at your front door and 7 at your back door.
          (entry 9852, cylinder 1844.11)
          Make a person move by putting a tablespoon of salt at each outside corner
          and each inside room corner in house.
          (entry 9484, cylinder 1845:3)
          To restore falled (prolapsed) uterus, have woman get dog feces ("they
          didn't specify a black dog" says informant, who perhaps thought they ought
          to have?) and pour hot water and sit over [not in] it to "a-stape"
          (steam-steap) herself; similar to informant 1166 and retained afterbirth
          treatment with hen feathers.
          (entry 1130, cylinder 1846:2)
          To get someone back, call their name 3 times at sunrise at a big red ants'
          nest and tell the ants that you want the person back.
          (entry 10644, cylinder 1846:5)
    #1136 - [-]
          Kill a bat, cut the heart out and dry it, then sew it into a rag with salt,
          black pepper, and bluestone; keep it in your pocket for gambling luck; this
          is a variant of a German spell printed in "Pow-Wows or the Long Lost Friend" by John George Hohman; 
          see also informant #1134
          (entry 10595, cylinder 1850:5)
          To cure rheumatism in the leg, carry an Irish potato in your pocket until
          it shrivels to the size of a marble; as it shrinks, so will your leg pain.
          (entry 1422, cylinder 1850:7)
    #1137 -
    #1138 - [-], Devil's Shoe Strings around legs protects from tricks; tie nine knots, 
    	  wear for nine days.
          (entry 1208, cylinder 1852:1) 
    #???? - [-], interview at the Cooper Hotel
          (cylinder 1855:1)
    #1139 - #1140
    #1141 - [-] informant knew how to induce abortions; possibly female?          
          To learn to pick guitar or dance, go to the crossroads at midnight,
          something will appear, imitate them, and you'll "sell yourself to the devil
          for an infidel."
          (entry 10523, cylinder 1855:09) (odd "09" there)
          Run a pin through the heart of a live bat, keep it in a bottle of Hearts
          (Hoyt's) Cologne, rub hands with cologne before betting; specifically used
          when playing the Georgia skin game.
          (entry 10597, cylinder 1857:3)
          To cause a woman to bleed to death (from the vagina), get her period blood
          and stop it up in a bottle, then hide the bottle in a water pump or spigot
          where there is a continual flow of water; no medical doctor can cure her
          unless you empty out the bottle.
          (entry 3968, cylinder 1857:10)
          Ambiguous spell: cut neck of domestic animal (any species) and insert hair
          of enemy; when that heals. "they say that long as they go, say you'll go"
          (go away, go crazy, continue to live?).
          (entry 5855, cylinder 1858:2)
          Two medical herbal remedies plus a trick in one entry: 
          To "miscarry a kid" [induce abortion] take [ingest?] calomel powder,
          bluestone [copperas, copper sulphate], nine buckshots [gunpowder from nine
          shotgun shells?] and with pencil lead or your finger cause a miscarriage.
          To increase fertility and bring on a pregnancy, boil together devil's
          shoestring, blackroot [black master, Culver's physic, Leptandra], quinsy
          light [?], life everlasting [cudweed], lowbush myrtle, redshank [red root
          pigweed or red paint blood root?], and dog-tongue weed [horehound? deer's
          tongue?] and drink a wineglassful of this tea three times a day.
          Also put dog-tongue herb in the four corners of people's houses to make
          them argue and fight; they will quarrel as long as it is in the house.
          (entry 1234, cylinder 1858:6)
    #1142 - [-] 
          To cure cataract or stye in eye, get nine needles in a bunch and stick
          them over the door, walk in and out under them nine times per day for 
          nine days, then throw them away and you can see again.
          (entry 1400, cylinder 1860:1)
    #1143 - [-] 
          Four years ago (1934) in Jacksonville, Florida, a girl was sick; folks
          thought she was witchcrafted, but she had tuberculosis, like the doctor
          said. Her mother, Delia [-]. had carried her inland to a spring to be
          cured, to no avail. She could not eat any food, not even peaches, but she
          could eat gruel soup. The informant told Delia [-] to attempt a remedy
          that had been told by someone years before, but not yet tried by the
          informant: Draw blood from a dog (not enough to kill him) and get a hen
          egg; add 3 or 4 drops of dog blood to the egg and beat it, add 2 or 3 drops
          of kerosene and one drop of turpentine and continue beating, pour in half a
          pint of real good whiskey ("not moonshine") and give it to the patient in
          doses (by the spoonful). Outcome was not related by informant.
          (entry 1223, cylinder 1866:1)
    #1144 -
    #1145 - [-] A man, due to his self-description of how he used this trick.
          If you have been fixed to be impotent, urinate into a red ants' nest. 
          ("Ah've lost mah nature mahself dat way an' ah've gained it back dat way.")
          (entry 10271, cylinder 1869:6)
    #1148 - [-]
          To cure shingles, wash affected area with black cow's milk.
          (entry 1197, cylinder 1874:2)
          To cure shingles, cut the head off a black chicken and let it bleed on 
          the affected area; informant stated he or she had done this successfully.
          (entry 1163, cylinder 1874:3)
    
  March 6, 1939 (my approximation) 
  
  Cold, rainy weather, under the entry for informant #1157, Hyatt commented on the
  fire in his hotel room on this day: "Fire in grate cracks, a cold rainy day. ...
  That fire in the grate cracked all day and I wore a long overcoat all day while
  interviewing! The rosin in the pinewood did the cracking."

    #1149 - {-} A 28 year old [presumably male] bootlegger and professional gambler
    	  (born c. 1911) who had been using roots for 18 years (since c. 1921).
          Cook a mockingbird egg and feed it to a man and he will always tell lies
          and be untruthful; see #1074, also from Waycross.
          (entry 1391, cylinder 1740:1)
          This man did not make his own hands, but, with his uncle, consulted the
          same "root man" twice. The first time he wanted help with the Bolito, an
          illegal Policy-like lottery game wih connections to Cuba. In the narrtive
          it is implied that he was not looking for luck in winning but was working
          as a gambler, possibly as a Policy writer or runner for the numbers
          racket. The root worker and his wife were located in Florida. The doctor
          read palms and the couple seemingly performed an act of prestidigitation
          with a live snake, after which the doctor made up a root bag for gambling
          for $8.00; a rite of circumambulation and recital of the 23rd Psalm set it
          working. Later, due to the police giving him trouble over his bootlegging
          and gambling activities, the man sought out the same worker again and, for
          another $8.00 was given a "law keep away" type hand, a jomo or "jomoo."
          Said the informant, "During de time dey [the police] supposed to travel dat
          beat, jes' roll mah jomoo an' dey'd pass on by ... ah tried it an' it worked."
          (entry 249, cylinder 1874:9)         
    #1150 - #1153
    #1154 - [-] 
          Burn black chicken feathers to drive away evil spirits.
          (entry 1175, cylinder 1892:4)
          A new shingle will keep a witch or evil spirit away.
          (entry 10466, cylinder 1892:9)
    #1157 - [-] 
          Tie 7 or 9 or any odd number of knots to cause a man to be impotent with
          other woman.
          (entry 10245, cylinder 1928:4)
          Mistletoe dressed with Hearts [Hoyt's] Cologne protects against enemies.
          (entry 1387, cylinder 1928:7)
         
March 6 - March 7, 1939

In the middle of the next root doctor's lengthy interview, Hyatt noted the date;
however, he spoke the informant's number wrong; it was #1158, "Dr. Yousee" -- not
#1156. Hyatt said:

		(My cylinders ran out.)  [This comment at end of cylinder.]
    	[He continues next day.]
     	(Testing the stylus, Waycross, Georgia, Tuesday, March 7, 1939.)
     	(Last night I sent No.1156 home before he had finished, because I had run
     	out of material [cylinders], and told him to come back this morning. Edward
     	[Bufford Jr.] tells me that he is waiting outside and we shall begin with
     	the story about burying the egg - probably will have him tell it over again.
     	That means a continuation of No. 1156.)
     
    #1158 - [-] "Dr. Yousee"
		A professional male root doctor; Hyatt referred to him as "Dr Yousee"
		because he often interjected "you see" into his speech. Hyatt believed him
		to have been a preacher, because he quoted scripture often. He worked with
		the spirits of O. L. Young and L. L. Young (probably graveyard spirits). He
		worked extensively with plants, and he also told Hyatt that he ordered
		spiritual supplies from the Keystone Company. He is given a full interview
		in Vol. 2 1171 - 1220 that runs from C320:3-C346:1 = 1091-1927 and some
		of his spells were broken out and used in other portions of HCWR.
		Two of these latter entries utilize living plants. 
		To draw man back, you take a photo lay it across a glass of water and place a mirror on top 
		of the picture with its reflecting side down. 
		(entry 8420, cylinder 1929:1)
		To run an enemy off, put a green leaf in a bottle, then go where he is and
		call his name; when he answers, stop up the bottle, carry it to running
		water and throw it in; the green leaf is "to hold his voice."
		(entry 10414, cylinder 1929:2) 
		Get roots from three sides of a fig tree, east, south, and north [not from
		the west as that would "carry you down"] and carry it in your pocketbook
		for luck and protection; some will say to add Hearts [Hoyt's] Cologne, but
		that is not necessary; the fig roots are enough.
		(entry 1247, cylinder 1929:4)          
    #1159 - [-] 
          Tie a knot in the bed rags after he get through with them; he can't run out
          after no other woman.
          (entry 10239, cylinder 1934:3)
          Kill a bat, cut the heart out and dry it, then sew it into pure red silk
          cloth and keep it in your pocket for gambling luck; this is a variant of a
          German spell printed in "Pow-Wows or the Long Lost
          Friend" by John George Hohman;
          see also informant #1134
          (entry 10584, cylinder 1934:2)          
    #1160 -
    #1161 - [-] 
          Devil's shoe string and Hoyt's Cologne in gambling mojo.
          (entry 1829, cylinder 1936:8)
    #1162 - [-]
          Mix black hen feathers with sulphur and bury under doorstep for protection
          and to run off trouble and harm.
          (entry 1180, cylinder 1938:3)
    #1163 - [-] 
          To cure a person who is poisoned and hopping like a frog, capture a young
          buzzard from a nest and keep it in a secret place, feed it, and collect
          both its excrement and its vomit; combine these in a cloth sack affixed to
          a belt for the patient to wear; as the material hardens, the poison will go
          into it and he will be cured.
          (entry 1154, cylinder 1941:3)       
    #1164 (my approximation) 
   
  March 8, 1939
  
    #1165 - [-], "the Patient Doctor", a man with a wooden leg who came 9 miles from
    	  the country to see Hyatt and waited from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m., thus his
    	  nickname, because he was so patient. He stood up and acted out or demonstrated
    	  much of his work, and his acting ability "impressed" Hyatt greatly.
          To control, draw for love, or to harm, use human hair, handkerchief, hair
          from horse's tail, "Hearthorn cahlum" [Hoyt's Cologne], name paper,
          gold-eye needle, blood from root worker's thumb, buried at crossroad where
          victim walks;
          To control woman's nature use handkerchief, spit, sexual fluid, Mercury
          dime, wrapped, buried or hidden in floor crack.
          To end relationship with a woman, get lizard root (long black root that
          grows straight down and looks like a lizard), wrap unwashed menstrual piece
          or soiled underwear around it and tie with cotton string, tying away, and
          abusing her name as you wrap, bury flat in dirt where she will step over.
          To stop a woman from running around and keep peace in the home, use scorpion 
          root and her hair tied with nine knots in silk thread.
          To control a woman and keep her at home, stick two new gold-eye needles
          into her incoming foot track, eye up so they cross like and X, then
          surround the track with nine new straight pins driven straight down to move
          someone, stick nine goldeye needles in the dirt point up where the enemy
          will walk over.
          Recurrent New Moon trick in well water to cause stomache pain, loss of
          appetite, and vomiting.
          Described Volume One, page 969;
          Interview Volume Two, pages 970 - 992, 
          cylinders C362:1 - C375:2a = 1943:1 - 1956. 
    #1166 - [-] A literate female midwife who read books on occultism, as evidenced by 
    	  both spells and speech.          
          Kill a bat, cut the heart out, tie it up in silk cloth, and tie a silk
          string to it; bind it to your left wrist for gambling luck; this is a
          variant of a German spell printed in "Pow-Wows or the Long Lost Friend" by John George Hohman; 
          see also informant #1134 of Waycross, Ga., for similar reference to Hohman's book. 
          (entry 10589, cylinder 1959:1)
          Using a needle, pin, or nail, scratch the Psalm containing the Hebrew letter 
          Vau (vav) in a brand new tin pan and keep it hidden to control someone.
          Hyatt was unclear, but this is an adaptation of a Jewish spell from The Secrets of the Psalms by Godfrey Selig
          This book was sold by Jewish mail order houses to African American conjure 
          workers from about 1910 onward.
          (entry 9783, cylinder 1959:8)
          If a woman can't pass her afterbirth, set her over [not in] a pan
          containing hot water and chicken feathers; similar to treating a prolapsed
          uterus with dog feces as given by informant 1135, who was also living in
          Waycross, Ga.
          (entry 1179, cylinder 1960:7)
          To restore nature, mop floors with dilute bluestone water, bathe in sweet milk.
          (entry 3701, cylinder 1961:7)
          To cure disease and take off witchcraft, catch a frog and have the sick
          person spit three times and blow three times into the frog's mouth, then
          throw the frog over the left shoulder and say the 23rd Psalm; don't let the
          frog return toward the person; similar to asthma cure by informant 1073,
          who was also living in Waycross, Ga. 
          (entry 1283, cylinder 1961:13)
    #1167 - [-] 
    	  Take the heart from a live bat and sew it in new Sea Island [cotton] cloth,
    	  making each stitch toward yourself; carry for luck; this is a variant of a
    	  German spell printed in "Pow-Wows or the Long Lost Friend" 
    	  by John George Hohman; see also informant #1134, another resident of 
    	  Waycross, Ga. 
          (entry 10582, cylinder 1964:2)
    #1125 - [-] "The Laughing Doctor" part two (see above); her 
          second session sandwiched in between informants #1167 and #1168 
          cylinders C384:1 - C392:5 = 1965 - 1973 
    #1168 - [-] 
          Run a person crazy by threading their hair in a catfish's gill and turning
          the catfish loose in the water.
          (entry 5872, cylinder 1974:1)
          Another way to run a person crazy: make an upward slice in a green growing
          oak tree, insert person's hair; when tree grows over and heals itself,
          person goes crazy and the spell can't be undone because the hair is sealed
          in the tree.
          (entry 6241, cylinder 1974:3)
          
  March 9 or 10 (my approximation)
  
    #1169 - 1173 unaccounted for; probably Waycross, GA
    
Brunswick, GA

  March 11, 1939 (Saturday)
  
    #1174 - [-]
		Take a woman's discharge, spread it on a padlock, then close the lock to keep the woman 
		from cheating. 
		(entry 1766, cylinder 1984:5)
    #1175 - #1182
    
  March 13, 1939 (Monday)
  
    #1183 - [-], 
          (entry 916)
    #1184 - #1188
	#1189 - [-]
		Clean, dry, and grind up the gizzards of chicken and they can be used to heal a poison.
		(entry 1183, cylinder 2009:5)
	#1191 - #1197
	#1198 - [-]
		Luck hand: Go to a willow tree before dawn and take a piece of the root from the east side
		of the tree. Put it in a red flannel bag, feed it with Hoyt's cologne, and name it after the 
		person for whom it was made. It should always be carried by the person for goodluck. 
		(entry 2384, cylinder 2015:9)
#1199 - #1204
    
  March 14, 1939 (Tuesday)
  Hyatt found "the hotel more conducive" for interviewing; see Volume One, page XXXVI.
  
    #1205 - [-]
    #1206 - [-] Informant well spoken and an organized thinker.
          Told how to collect graveyard dirt from various spirits.
          (entry 1308, cylinder 2033:5)
          Mentioned having read books on occultism.
          (entry xxx, cylinder 2034:2)            
    #1207 - #1211
    #1213 - [-] "Tomb of de Babe of Bethlehem" (elderly ex-clergyman)
		  An elderly ex-clergyman, born in Goldsboro, NC, but iving in Brunswick, GA. 
		  Hyatt called this interview "Tomb of de Babe of Bethlehem" after one
    	  of the religious spells he related. Hyatt also called him "long-winded"
    	  and "sincere" -- and re-recorded over his cylinders, losing a portion of
    	  the interview. The ex-clergyman did not do any sort of evil work, but
    	  described it when Hyatt requested: 
          To make people move, that's jomoo work. That's the jomoo work[er] that does
          that. He does that with snake charms. The snake charms are made by workers
          who go to the woods, kill snakes, take three drops of their blood and some
          of their bones, parch the mixture to dust and sprinkle it under the
          doorstep or inside the rooms to force people to move out. If a man has a
          wife and another fellow wants her and he goes to a jomoo man, that will
          result in a court case, due to the actions of "evil jomoo man" and his
          "poison dust." In the old days this was called cunjure or cunjering. 
          There is a great deal more in this interview. 
          Interview Volume Two, pages 1325 - 1335, 
          cylinders C469:3 - C478:5 = 2050 - 2059. 

    #1214 - #1223
    #1224 - [-]
          Told a graveyard dirt spell to move people out. 
          (entry 7897, cylinder 2030:3) (cylinder # out of order)
    #1225 - #1229

Savannah, GA ???

  March 18, 1939 

    #1230 - [-]
          (cylinder C506 = 2087) 
		In the introduction, Hyatt labelled this as the first cylinder in Savannah, but there are 
		problems with the ordering of cylinders at #1224 (above), 1249, and #1236 (below). The 
		latter two are identified as interviewed in Brunswick, not Savannah. This section requires 
		more checking. Hyatt may have misremembered.

Brunswick, GA  

  March 19, 1939

    #1231 - #1235
    #1236 - [-] Male informant, a professional root doctor who swore Hyatt to secrecy regarding 
		tricks and methods. He read the Sixth and Seventh Books of Moses, he had lived in New
		Orleans previously, and he had been tricked into staying with and marrying his late wife, 
		who was the sister of a man named Johnny Pierce. 
		Two-part spell with three playing cards (Ace of Spades, King of Spades, Jack of Spades), 
		wrapped in cotton batting and sewn into a pillow, plus a bottle spell containing a man's
		urine, hairs, finger and toe nails, name paper drawn in a heart, pins, and needles. When 
		she wants to control the man she shakes the bottle; if she wants to be rid of him, she 
		empties it out at a running fire hydrant. His own late wife had captured him like this. 
		(Vol.2, pp.1126-1127 - Interview is said to have taken place in Brunswick, not Savannah.
		-- cylinders C509:7 - C519:1 = 2090:7 - 2100:1)
    #1237 - #1240
    

  March 20, 1939 
    
          
    #???? - [-]
          (cylinder C519=2100)
	#1242 - [-]
		If a person turns your photo upside down, it puts you in state of unease. 
		(entry 2202, cylinder 2112:1)
    #1249 - [-] [probably a man, due to subject matter and way it it is described]
    	Wrap from one to three right-side wings of a bat in a packet and moisten with
    	Hoyt's Cologne for gambling luck; variant of German spell from Pow Wows. 
    	Interview is said to have taken place in Brunswick, not Savannah.
		(entry 1717, cylinder 2123:7]
    #1250 - #1251
    
Savannah, GA (second trip) 

  March 21, 1939
  
    #1252 - [-]
		(cylinder C543=2124)
    #1253 - #1256
    #1257 - [-] "A Woman of Substance," a 250 lb. female root doctor. S
		She was also the contct man Edward Bufford's landlady in Savannah, GA. 
		Interview Volume Two, pages 1268 - 1276, 
		(cylinders C550:3 - C555:1 = 2131 - 2136)
    #1258 
    #1259 - [-], cylinder [C558:1 = 2139]
    #1260 - [-] 
		To get a job: Carry salt in bag and sprinkle loose salt in tracks of bossman.
		(entry 1260, cylinder 2140:4]
    #1261 - [-] 
		Goofer dust is brick powder, pepper, and salt.
		(entry 677, cylinder 2144:5)
    #1262 - #1263
    #1264 - [-] 
		Graveyard dirt spell for the coercive return of a lost lover. 
		(entry 7819, cylinder 2145:11)
    #1265 
    #1266 - [-] 
		Wipe black hen egg with wet new cloth, ball cloth up, sew inside man's pillow, he can't go 
		with another woman
		(entry 10235, cylinder 2146:9)
    #1267 - #1270
	#1271 - [-] 
		Take a photo of someone you're interested in and place it in a pan of water. If the picture 
		floats you have chance with the person, if sinks you don't waste your time. 
		(entry 8437, 2151:3)
	#1273 - 
	#1274 - Pauline [-] "Madam Pauline" a well-known and respected professional root worker. 
		According to Hyatt, she was a "country-born woman" from the coastal region of Georgia, 
		and "before the Depression" (that is, before 1932 or so), she had been primarily "a 
		reader and seer, with white trade." She gave Hyatt many spells, including one that uses 
		a playing card as a personal concern: In order to keep down a man's gambling luck, you 
		take a playing card -- the Deuce, 10, Jack, or King -- from a deck he has touched, roll 
		it into a tube, tie it with No, 8 pearl cotton, and force it down into the hole of a 
		Gopher Tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus). The tortoise will push it down further into the 
		hole and as long as the card remains down there, the man's luck will stay down.
		C575:1 - C586:10 = 2156 - 2167. 
		The complete interview: Volume Two, on pages 1536 - 1556.   
	#1275 - #1281
    #???? - Edward Bufford, Jr.; "conversation"; 
 		(cylinder C594:1 = 2175:1)

New York City, NY

  Hyatt briefly returned to his home in New York City, NY.

Florence, SC

  Interviews were conducted at the home of a man whom Hyatt recollected as Henry Tillins or Timmins,
  aka H. L. Timmons. (The confusion was Hyatt's, not his host's!) He was also Informant #1291; see
  more information at his Informant listing. 

  March 31, 1939 (Friday)

    #1282 - [-], 
          cylinder [C599=2194]
    #1283 - (see #1293)
    #1284 - #1285 
    #1286 [-] 
		Cure snake dust poisoning through the feet with graveyard dirt
		(entry 1322, cylinder 2185:8)
    #1287 - #1290
    
  April 1, 1939
  
    #1291 - Henry L. Tillins/Timmins/Timmons, at whose home the interviews were being conducted.
          cylinder [C639=2220]

Henry Timmons in the 1920 United States Federal Census - Boarding at East Cheeves Street

NAME:	Henry Timmons
AGE:	30
BIRTH YEAR:	abt 1890
BIRTHPLACE:	South Carolina
HOME IN 1920:	Florence, Florence, South Carolina
STREET:	East Cheeves St
RACE:	Black
GENDER:	Male
RELATION TO HEAD OF HOUSE:	Boarder
MARITAL STATUS:	Married
FATHER'S BIRTHPLACE:	South Carolina
MOTHER'S BIRTHPLACE:	South Carolina
ABLE TO SPEAK ENGLISH:	Yes
OCCUPATION:	Laborer
INDUSTRY:	Ry Company (Railroad Company) 
EMPLOYMENT FIELD:	Wage or Salary
ABLE TO READ:	No
ABLE TO WRITE:	No
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS:	
NAME	AGE
Joseph Jackson	49 (Laborer on Railroad; probably the Seaboard Line)
Movelia Jackson	30
Sonie Jackson	11
Anna Jackson	7
Oscar Jackson	4 [4 3/12] 
Margerite Jackson	12
Annie Timmons	23 (Wife, not employed)
Henry Timmons	30 (Laborer on the Raiilroad; probably the Seaboard Line)
Major Timmons	23 (Brother of Henry; Fireman on the Railroad; probably the Seaboard Line)
Alsase Timmons	22 (Brother of Henry; Fireman on the Railroad; probably the Seaboard Line)

Henry L Timmons in the 1930 United States Federal Census - 1108 Cox Street, Florence, SC

Name: 	Henry L Timmons
Birth Year: 	abt 1891
Gender: 	Male
Race: 	Negro (Black)
Birthplace: 	South Carolina
Marital Status: 	Married
Relation to Head of House: 	Head
Home in 1930: 	Florence, Florence, South Carolina
Map of Home: 	View Map
Street address: 	Cox Street
Ward of City: 	Part of Ward 2
House Number in Cities or Towns: 	1108
Dwelling Number: 	196
Family Number: 	232
Home Owned or Rented: 	Owned
Home Value: 	1800
Radio Set: 	Yes
Lives on Farm: 	No
Age at First Marriage: 	22
Able to Read and Write: 	Yes
Father's Birthplace: 	South Carolina
Mother's Birthplace: 	South Carolina
Able to Speak English: 	Yes
Occupation: 	Chauffeur
Industry: 	Taxi
Class of Worker: 	Working on own account
Employment: 	Yes
Household Members: 	
Name 	Age
Henry L Timmons 	39
Annie Timmons 	35
James Timmons 	15 [13] 
James Monson 	7

Henry L Timmons in the 1940 United States Federal Census - 1108 Cox Street, Florence, SC

Name: 	Henry Timmons
Age: 	50
Estimated birth year: 	abt 1890
Gender: 	Male
Race: 	Negro (Black)
Birthplace: 	South Carolina
Marital Status: 	Married
Relation to Head of House: 	Head
Home in 1940: 	Florence, Florence, South Carolina
Map of Home in 1940: 	View Map
Street: 	Cox Street
House Number: 	1108
Farm: 	No
Inferred Residence in 1935: 	Florence, Florence, South Carolina
Residence in 1935: 	Same Place
Number of Household in Order of Visitation: 	139
Occupation: 	Taxi Driver
House Owned or Rented: 	Owned
Value of Home or Monthly Rental if Rented: 	500
Highest Grade Completed: 	Elementary school, 3rd grade
Hours Worked Week Prior to Census: 	70
Class of Worker: 	Working on own account
Weeks Worked in 1939: 	52
Income: 	0
Income Other Sources: 	Yes
Household Members: 	
Name 	Age
Henry Timmons 	50
Anna Timmons 	40 [note she now claims to be born 5 years later than she claimed in 1930)
Mary Pass 	30

Henry Timmons in the U.S., Social Security Death Index
NAME:	Henry Timmons
SSN:	247-84-6171
LAST RESIDENCE:	29501 Florence, Florence, South Carolina, USA
BORN:	12 Sep 1889
DIED:	Nov 1966
STATE (YEAR) SSN ISSUED:	South Carolina (1964)


    #1292 - [-] 
    	  Get away spell: Curse and sweep away foot tracks,
    	  (entry 5778, cylinder 2191:10)
    #1293 - [-] 
		Mojo bag for luck: 3 Devil's shoe strings, 9 shell shots, 1 lodestone in a bag for luck, 
		dressed with perfume.
          (entry 1830, cylinder 2194:7) 
    #1294 - [-] 
		How to use graveyard dirt to make someone sleep.
		(entry 7167, cylinder 2195:3)
    #1295 - [-] 
		How to collect graveyard dirt
 		(entry 1309, cylinder 2196:5)
    #1296 - #1305
    #1306 - [-] 
		Identified goofer dust as "graveyard clay" 
		(entry 661, cylinder 2211:1)
		To heal rheumatism take the bark of red oak from the south side, boil it, and drink the tea. 
		(entry 1442, cylinder 2211:6)
    #1307 - #1311
    #1312 - [-} "A Doctor at Ease" -- he was quite comfortable telling Hyatt his tricks and 
		assumed that Hyatt was interested in learning. He gave hundreds of tricks in rapid
		succession ("Now you listen good, now") and often used the formula "By the help of the
		Lord" in his petitions. At the end of his interview he mentioned a local white conjure
		named Doctor Harris and he also told Hyatt that "all" the Doctor Buzzards were now dead.
		Hyatt pronounced him "pretty good" as an informant. He gave information on the use of Moon
		signs and Moon phases. 
         Vol. 2 pg. 1024 (cylinders C644:2-C655:2 = 2225-2236)
    #???? - [-], funeral (end of "Doctor at Ease" or unnumbered person?)
          (cylinder C655 = 2236)

  April 6, 1939 (Wednesday)

    #1313 - [-], the funeral is over, 
          (cylinder C655 = 2236)
          Discussion of the numbers racket or Policy, a local name for 
          which was "the Cotton Exchange," see Volume One, page XXXVII. 
          (cylinder C708 = 2289) [must put on the web!]
	#1314 - #1317
	#1318 - [-]
		If you have it in for a person you go to a tree and into the east side of the tree you 
		drive a nail with three blows and every time you drive the nail in you call the person's 
		name. In nine day's time the person will die. 
		(entry 8665, cylinder 2263:3)
	#1320 - 
	#1321 - [-] 
		Graveyard dirt, dirt dauber wasp nest, cooking salt, and sulphur in a blown-out egg under 
		house for protection.
		(entry 1218, cylinder 2265:7)
	#1322 - #1325
	#1326 - [-]
		To cure a person who has been poisoned: Get a green or dried gourd, clean out the insides   
		and boil them. Take one tablespoon of this to clear out the poison. If the poison in the 
		foot or leg use the mixture as a salve. 
		(entry 1301, cylinder 935:2)
	#1327 - 1333
	#1334 - [-]
		For restoral of health: He rubbed his wife with Black Cat Oil for 9 mornings and gave her 
		7 High John Tablets. He purchased them from "King Neverson" (King Novelty Company) of  
		Chicago. (High John Tablets were a commercial laxative; active ingredient: Impomoea jalapa.)
		(entry 1121, cylinder 2302:4)
          
Sumter, SC

  c. April- May, 1939

    #1348 - [-] graveyard dirt for protection 
          (entry 1310, cylinder 2330:8)
    #1349 - #1356

Florence, SC

	#??? -[-] The informant's number was lost. The only clue left is the location (Florence, SC) 
		and the cylinder number (2342). Many of the cylinder numbers -- or the informant numbers --  
		in this section are incorrect or out of order. 
		I have placed the informant in the Florence, SC section. 
		To bring costumers to your business sprinkle sulphur and sugar in your shoes every Thursday 
		and sing
			Jesus invites you here,
			Angel is lingering near,
			Prayers come from hearts so dear 
			O, won't you come?
			Almost persuaded - come - come today.
			Almost persuaded, turn not away.
		(entry 1032, cylinder 2342)
		This is a variation of verse 2 of the popular old Baptist altar call "Almost Persuaded," 
		by Philip P. Bliss, published in 1871: 
			"Almost persuaded," come, come today;
			"Almost persuaded," turn not away;
			Jesus invites you here,
			Angels are ling'ring near,
			Prayers rise from hearts so dear;
			O wand'rer, come!

Sumter, SC

    #1357 - [-] 65 year old man, rootworker, former medicine show performer. 
		Among many other things, he told how to create live things in a victim with fried tadpoles
		in whiskey and also related how he had seen "the old original Dr. Buzzard" (a "big, fat
		black man") remove frogs from the legs of a Sumter resident named Peter Blake. He is a
		coherent and well-spoken informant. About him Hyatt wrote "[Informant 1357, like ZORRO
		later in INTERVIEWS, was a former member of a two-man medicine show. The old-fashioned
		medicine show, now for years illegal, was a travelling person or persons, colored or
		white, giving a free entertainment to promote the sale of a cure-all. These performers --
		depending on speed, surprise and suggestion -- never stayed, could not stay long anywhere.
		No wonder informant advises me not to take too long tuh find de black cat, but tuh ketch
		any cat and paint it black -- his shoe-polish suggestion reminding me of OPERATION SHOE
		POLISH in INTERVIEWS. How daring and effective an act can be at or near the beginning of
		the show has already been described in 749, p.251. To start the show in this fashion was
		the work of my informant, a magician. I must also include here a show during which
		medicine was not sold, but private consultations were offered afterward -- see POWER FROM
		BROTHER'S SKULL, p.283.  That whiskey quotation I consider memorable. At least he explains
		why whiskey has a way of disappearing from a bottle. His material is on cylinders
		C795:1-C807 = 2376-2388.] (Vol. 2, page 1097, cylinders C795:1 - C807 = 2376 - 2388.) 
		I would only note that although the FDA sought to curtail medicine shows after passage of
		the Pure Food and Drug Act 1906, such medicine shows were still ongoing for years
		following; a number of 1920s - 30s Memphis musicians played in medicine shows when not
		performing in town, and i am sure the same applied in South Carolina.
	#1358 - #1370
	#1371 - [-]
		To kill a man's courage take his urine and put in a bottle and place the bottle in a tree. 
		(entry 3318, cylinder 2429:6)
	#1372 - 
    #1373 - [-] A professional female doctor whom Hyatt called "Cautious Healer."
		She made her own medicines. Hyatt remarked that she was "nervous" and disturbed about
		being interviewed, and that she knew "quite a lot of stuff but didn't want to tell it all
		today." He also described her as "a huge fat woman, something like Humpadee up at
		Richmond, Virginia. [Also the Laughing Doctor at Waycross, Georgia]." 
		She began wih a foot track death spell; then gave a fidelity-controlling spell, protection
		spell; house protection, breaking up a friendship; return of estranged lover; undoing
		hoodooed nature; job getting; crossroads ritual ("sellling yurself to the devil"); how
		whirlwinds were created (a story she said she heard from a man while she herself was in
		"Bronx Park, [Manhattan], New York"); using a parched frog to "dwindle" and kill someone;
		how to get rid of live things and fits by burning patient's clothing (unusual live things
		cure); told of living in Raleigh, North Carolina two years earlier (1937) and attending a
		sick client in Wilmington, North Carolina; told of a person with a "scrimp" (shrimp) in
		them as live thing (unusual); an African-retention rite of nailing 9 nails in a board,
		urinating on it and letting the sun rise on it to draw a wandering family member or friend
		home ("that's slow comin', but it'll come"); how to dream of the dead by means of a
		handkerchief and urine; how to kill a man with his measure and nine knots; how to run a
		man to the insane asylum by stuffing his hat in a stove pipe; killing people with
		menstrual blood; making a man financially compliant with menstrual blood; using a
		graveyard egg to kill so a man; how to cure alcoholism with Epsom Salts, Sage leaves, and
		Spicewood (the latter purchased from New York, Washington, or Philadelphia); how to use
		Snake sheds to make lightning and Rain Frogs to throw thunder; described "an Italian Fish"
		(a Squid) seen in New York; and how a woman can make a man separate from herself by
		feeding him her boiled underwear-water, thus killing his sexual interest in her, but
		causing him to remain friendly. 
		Her material is on cylinders C850:1-C8854:8 = 2331-2335.] (Vol. 2, pages 1344 - 1351)
		Note that these cylinder numbers are far out of order. They should logically fall around 
		Informant #1349.)
    #1374 - #1380
    #1381 - [-]  
		Spell to force a murderer to confess by twisting 16 knots in his shirt. 
          (entry 7395, cylinder 2453:6)
    #1382 - #1386
    #1387 - A middle-aged male professional root doctor; Hyatt called him "Courtroom Specialist."  
		Hyatt wrote: "[Perhaps I do this middle-aged man an injustice, limit his talents by calling 
		him a courtroom specialist, but my reason for the label -- he is one of the few doctors I 
		met or heard about who actually attended trials. The legendary Doctor Buzzard of Beaufort
		[Bu'fert], South Carolina, never appeared before a judge; instead, he sent a dressed
		animal to do the work -- so it is said. My informant claimed no such ability; he merely
		dressed the animal and turned it loose in the courtroom - so he admitted. Our conversation
		ends with his account of the amazing Doctor Buzzard -- read this, if nothing else. [For
		Doctor Buzzard see p. 1414 and references there.] 
		This interview of informant 1387 fills cylinders C885:1-C902:4 = 2366-2383.] 
		{This very long Interview runs in Vol.2, pp.1423 - 1449 -- a full 18 cylinders or 
		27 jam-packed pages! The man spoke rapidly and knew hundreds of spells.}
		To hurt someone: Put their hair in a bottle with 9 pins, 9 needles, their name name written
		9 times, and Ammonia; bury in a grave 6" deep calling your desire. 
		To run a person crazy: Catch a Pike or other fish, stuff their hair in its mouth and turn 
		it loose in the water.
		To send someone away crazy: their hair, dog hair, cat hair, horse tail hair folded together
		and thrown into running water. 
		For desire; head hair, public hair, sugar, wrapped in chewing gum; or pull out public hair 
		and tie together with four 4" pieces of Devil's Shoe String; carry in pocket. 
		To keep them hanging around: Bury their picture under the steps head down (or tack to step). 
		Call absent person to you: Silver dollar in warm water, stand their picture upside down 
		(head down) and call them. 
		Drive speople away: Take their photo, 9 matches, 9 pinches graveyard dirt, 9 pinches 
		Sulphur, their name, bundle and throw into running water. 
		Call what you want on a person: Pierce their photograph with 9 pins at North, West, and 
		South portions (not to East); bury 6" deep in a murdered an's grave and
		call your wish. 
		Draw person in 9 days: Dip their picture in your urine 9 times and call their name. 
		Kill within 9 days: Shoot shotgun shell loaded with a (silver) dime at picture of victim 
		stuck in forks of a Hickory tree at sunrise. 
		Court case win: On any egg except from a Black hen, write prosecutor's name 9 times, with 
		letter "J" on each name, break at crossroads at 3:00 am.
		Win court case: Draw a cross in a crossroads, dig a 3" deep trench, bury prosecutor's name 
		in 3" of Salt, stamping on it. 
		Uncross client: Camphor, Cornmeal, Salt rub-down, discard at crossroads at midnight. 
		Attract someone: Burn your left shoe with Dragon's Blood and Sulphur at a crossroads. 
		Trouble a person: Write their name 9 times and the letter "J" on a black Hen's egg, place at
		crossroad; when it gets broken, their troubles begin. 
		Protecion: salt and ashes from burned old clothes in shoes; with dime and stone from fish 
		head in each shoe. 
		Protection dressing for feet: Water from running stream over which 119th Psalm is said, 
		then mixed with Olive oil; anoint feet.
		Water from a running stream can also be used to run an enemy crazy, like the running stream.
		Jinx Killer Powder made from ashes from burning your old clothes mixed with Salt. 
		Cure live things with 14th chapter of the Book of Job recited in a graveyard, switching 
		head and foot boards of grave, and asking spirit for help. 
		To control someone, burn your fingernail or toenail clippings, reduce to powder, and feed 
		to victim. 
		Ruin someone with their fingernail and toenail clippings plus dirt from 3 graves; bury in 
		a wicked grave.
		Use your foot-scrapings or under-fingernail dirt in their food to control them. 
		Hot foot with their fingernails and toenails, dirt they walked in, Black pepper, Salt, 
		Dog hair, Cat hair, thrown in running water at sunrise. 
		Hot foot with person's foot track, Dog manure, white Dog hair, Cat rump hair, graveyard 
		dirt, in a box with matches, (sulphur) thrown into running water. 
		Drive someone crazy with dirt from 7 graves, Dragon;s Blood,
		Horse Hair, two kinds of Dog hair (Fox Terrier and German Shepherd), place on victim's
		clothing or where they will step over it. 
		Use a long stick to sound a grave, ask spirit to help you, then leave stick for person to 
		pick up to drive them insane; control someone with similar stick or stone at the crossroads 
		by staying up all night and telling spirit what you want. 
		Controllong bottle spell: 9 needles, 9 nails, 9 other nails head-for-tail, add your urine;  
		call them by shaking bottle, control them by burying bottle in grave and calling on spirit 
		to do the work. 
		Attract someone with Poke root boiled and dressed with your urine and Hoyt's Cologne.
		Tie their nature with a salted snail.
		Several ways to tie a man's nature with cloth or towel.
		Attact and/or tie man's nature with dishcloth; you can then place it in his left elbow-pit 
		and rub it and you can mock his impotence. 
		Untie nature with stolen dishcloth. 
		Untie nature by each day for 9 days cooking a red onion, salt, pepper, lard, and an egg, 
		and rubbing up to the navel [from the genitals]; then steal a red onion and carry for luck 
		until it wears out. 
		Break a couple up with man's name on Black Hen's egg 9 times, woman's name over it 9 times, 
		letter "J" on each name, and circles on ends of egg.
		Make them fight and quarrel with graveyard dirt and dog and cat hair thrown at their door. 
		Break them up with dog and cat hair and letter "J" on paper buried in graveyard.
		Break them up with a shotgun blast packed with dog and cat hair and "bad" graveyard dirt.
		Keep husband asleep by hanging your underpants over his head.
		Keep husband asleep by putting his left shoe in a basin of water under the bed.
		Keep husband asleep by standing his shoes upside down.
		Keep husband away while lover is in the house by standing lover's shoes upright against 
		the door.
		Stick two people together like dogs [to catch them in flagrante delicto] by use of dried 
		dog's liver.
		Separate people who are stuck like dogs (from hoodoo) by throwing water on them or by 
		touching their left feet with a needle.
		Tie a man's nature with left-shoe dust or hat-band sweat and a snail.
		Tie a man's nature with his hat-bow and body-measure.
		Rising-and-falling tidal water for alternating calm and "raging" insanity utilizes a hat
		bow, fragment of grave headboard, and devil's shoe string, pegged into the river bottom
		and allowed to float up and down. 
		Cause blindness by poisonous insect, parched, powdered, put in hat band or on pillow; as they 
		pass by cut their initials in the windowsill and the mess gets in their eyes.
		Cause blindness by Rattlesnake dust used likewise.
		Cause blindness by dried and powdered Dog bitch milk usd as above. 
		Hair grower pomade made with Toad Frog grease scented with any perfume. 
		To return your luck at the New Year, bury a mirror under the eaves where rain will fall, 
		with a penny on each corner, plus John the Conqueror Root, Adam and Eve Root, and Dragon's 
		Blood Resin. 
		Bring back good luck with Salt and Sulphur in face-washing water for 9 days. 
		To make a person stay, take their socks or stockings, fill with 9 pins, 9 needles, 9 nails, 
		turn sole side up and hide it in the bed or in the house.
		To make a person stay, wrap socks or stockings around 3 small files and bury the bundle 
		under the steps.
		To make a person stay, wrap socks or stockings around 3 small files, draw a coffin in the 
		dirt in front of your door, then bury the sock and files within the coffin-drawing and have 
		them to walk over it.
		To make a person come to you, put their sock in whiskey and salt; place this in the grave 
		of one known to you and ask the spirit to make them come to you. 
		Cause someone to lose their teeth by feeding them burned and powdered tooth of a dead 
		person in candy or food. 
		Sicken a woman to death with her menstrual cloth in a bottle with 9 pins, 9 needles, 9 
		nails, calling her name as you add each item; add her name written 9 times on paper, fill 
		with water, bury 7" deep in a grave and tell the spirit what you want done. 
		Make a woman feeble and homebound by burying her menstrual cloth under the eaves where 
		rain will fall on it. 
		Make a woman go crazy with incurable abdominal pain by burying her menstrual cloth under 
		a horse trough in a stable or put it in a Sweet Gum tree in the woods (by boring a hole; 
		see next trick for instructions). 
		Drive someone crazy or to death in 9 days by boring a hole on the West side of a Sycamore, 
		Cypress, or Oak tree, putting in their personal concerns, adding graveyard dirt, and 
		tapping hole closed with a peg from the same tree for 9 days.
		Use the diuretic plant called Stone Grass [unknown species; possibly the diuretic Couch  
		Grass / Dog Grass, here called Stone Grass because it helps one to pass kidney stones] 
		to lock up urination or bowels by placing some of it in a copper pipe with the victim's 
		urine and stopping it up.
		Stone Grass [see immediately above] can also be used medicinally to cure stopped urine. 
		Court case: Cut an upward-pointing stick from near the top of a Willow tree, push it into 
		a grave down to the coffin 3 times, wipe off dirt with a silk handkerchief; go to court 
		with the stick as a walking cane and a handkerchief scented with perfume with any scent; 
		when they speak against you, wipe your face with the handkerchief and everyone will become 
		sleepy and unable to listen to opposing arguments; when you are about to speak, take the 
		stick outside the court house and they will wake back up and listen to you. 
		To win in court: Wear clothing inside out, carry Salt in right pocket, turn other pockets
		inside out; or pray to Jesus, saying, "As Jesus went down to Jordan, i am going down to
		court today," and ask for help, because God said, "This is my beloved son, I am well
		pleased, hear ye him," so they will listen to you in court. Also carry Devil's Shoe 
		String and chew it. 
		To cause a house to be struck by lightning: Take a chip of wood from a lightning-struck 
		tree, plus chips from 3 different wooden grave headboards, and a steel file, and throw 
		them close to the house; this works best in Summer. 
		Put lightning struck wood behind a target and no one can hit it unless he has a piece of 
		lightning struck wood in his own pocket. 
		A thief can put house residents into magical sleep in order to rob them if he makes a 
		cross of lightning-struck wood and a stick from a wooden grave headboard, first 
		circumambulating the house, then entering. 
		Short account of hags riding and whipping sleeping people in the old "antique" days. 
		Call the spirts at a fork in the road (crossroads) at 3:00 am, and offer them salt in 
		whiskey, which they like, and they will help you; if you are scared of the crossroads, 
		you can do this at your own house. 
		Boil a thief's handwriting to force him to return stolen items. 
		Ejaculate on a person's handwriting, fold the paper toward you and hide it; they will 
		always give you a helping hand. 
		To make a person fail in everything, take a letter they wrote, burn off the four
		corners, mix ash with burned black Horse tail hair, graveyard dirt, Dog hair and Cat hair.
		To return a death spell to the sender after the victim dies, take the clothes the victim
		wore at death, fold them tight and place them in the coffin before the corpse is buried;
		likewise, to return a death spell after the victim has died, wash the corpse, save the
		wash water, put into a bottle with 9 pins and 9 needles, cut a groove in the cork to allow
		the water to slowly leak out; when it has finished leaking the murderer will die, even if
		the police cannot find him; or put a brand new open knife in the victim's left hand before
		burial to kill the murderer; another way is to get a 1 oz. bottle of Iodine, add 9
		needles, 9 pins (laid head-to-tail), and 9 drops of Black hen's blood, bury the bottle
		with the murder victim and the murderer will die. To make a murderer confess, turn the
		victim on his face before burial; or take a needle that has been used to sew shrouds and
		pass it through the dean personson;s clothes, calling the murderer to come back. To stop
		dogs from tracking you, rub the soles of your feet with Turpentine, Cow manure, or
		Ammonia. A murderer can elude capture by going to the grave of his victim, walking around
		it 3 times, and swtiching the wooden headboard and footboard. Gambling luck: Toad Frog,
		Dragon;s Blood, John the Conquer root, 3 pinches of dirt from the grave of a businessman,
		whose spirit you talk to, collected in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost
		at 12 noon or 12 midnight, wrap in chamois cloth, sew all around, carry in left pocket;
		this breaks others' tricks and brings luck. Gambling hand: Mercury (Quicksilver),
		Lodestones, stone from the head of a Shad fish. Lodestones keep away evil; different
		kinds: from Eagle's nest, from Raven's head, and the one from the Eagle's nest is finest
		for gambling. Gambling hand: pay 30 pennies for dirt from a beggar's grave, head, chest,
		and foot. But needles and wrap three of them with red thread into a cross shape, then sew
		in chomois cloth; this charm can be sold for 50 cents each. Business drawing sprinkle:
		Jasmine vine boiled, to which is added Cinnamon Oil; bottle it and sprinkle around
		bulding; alternatively, Cinnamon Oil and Sweet Fennel Oil in a quart of water, stoppered.
		Business drawing and anti-jinx sprinkle: Sulphur and Cinnamon in water; also burn Sulphur
		to draw customers. Law keep away: Dragon's Blood, Flax Seed, camphor, Salt, manure from a
		white Horse, graveyard dirt from the foot of a grave; sprinkle around premises. Story of a
		bootlegger whose house and Dog were fixed; she was forced to move, and the Dog became a
		roamer. To overcome prosecutor in a court case, bind to young Hickory bushes together,
		call the accusor's name, and stamp down (do not cut down) the bushes, then throw a pinch
		of Salt on them; throw Salt in the direction of the prosecutor before leaving home for
		court, invoking Lot's wife, who was turned into a pillar of Salt because she looked back;
		mix Dirt Dauber nest with Love powders, Salt, and Pepper, and sprinkle where the jurors
		will walk, and when the janito's sweep up, they will throw this out and the case will be
		thrown out ecause Dirt Daubers, once the young are grown, they leave the nest and never
		return. To make a man stay, mix Dirt Dauber nest, Dragon's Blood, and Adam and Eve Root;
		carry in a bag; dirt from an empty nest will cause him to favour you; dirt from a full
		nest will cause him to love you (and have a family?). Ashes from burned female public hair
		mixed with Love Powder, served in milk or soft drink holds a man. Goofer is greyard dirt
		mixed with dust from a poisonous insect. Imerfectly related a job security or Boss Fix spell
		with Devil's Shoe String, John the Conqueror Root, Eve and Adam Root, Saint John Root (St.
		John's Wort), and John Peace root, which gows in the woods and looks like Garlic. Mix
		those with perhume, use on your hands, talk to boss while also having Devil's Shoe String
		piece in mouth, look him in the eye.
          Plus about 50-60 more i don't have time for right now, and
          concluding with tales of various people calling themselves 
          Dr. Buzzard, including that the first Doctor Buzzard was a white man: 
		  He was ovah there. Ah know him from 1908.
          [We talk while my machine was stopped, and then.]
          (And he was the real Doctor Buzzard?)
          De - he de real Doctor Buzzard.
          (At Florence?)
          Yessuh.
          (I talked with one of the men that worked for Harrison.) [Harris.]
          Yeah, he was de real Doctor Buzzard - in Florence, yo' know.
          (He was a white man?)
          [He had said this while machine stopped.]
          A white man - a white man lived three mile outa Florence.
          Have you talked with many white people who do this kind of work?
          Round in this part of the country? Doing this sort of thing? Root 
          working and things of that sort?)
          A good many, a good many. A good many won't tell it, yo' know.
          (End of 1387.)
          [For Doctor Buzzard, see also p.891, especially the amazing story in
          No. 3069; and p. 1255, line 7.]
		Vol.2, pp.1423 - 1449 (cylinders C885:1-C902:4 = 2366-2383) Note that cylinders are again 
		out of order -- and Hyatt mentions Florence, SC, not Sumter, SC.)  

Fayetteville, NC

  c. May - June 1939

    #1391 - [-] 
		Goofering for love
		(entry 659, cylinder 2496:8)
    #1392 - 1394
    #1395 - [-] a "root doctor" 
		Discussed goofer dust 
		(entry 657, cylinder 2506:12)
    #1396 - [-] 
		Use the wing of a bullbat (whippoorwill) to bring confusion to a household (bullbats fly 
		erratically)
		(entry 10600, cylinder 2514:3)
		Goofer dust as snake heads
		(entry 670, cylinder 2532:4) (this c. number seems wrong.
		Bury cloth man wiped self with under eaves to keep him home.
		(entry 10233, cylinder 2977:13) (this c. number seems wrong; either that or the informant # 
		is wrong or out of order)
    #1397 - [-] 
		Graveyard dirt, red pepper powder, sulphur powder, and table salt in a packet in shoe 
		protects from jinxing.
		(entry 9604, cylinder 2515:5)
    #1398 - #1399
    #1400 - [-] 
    #1401
    #1402 - [-] 
		To kill a woman's nature: Tear the front out of dress and bury it. 
		(entry 10231, cylinder 2524:1)    
    #1403 - #1411
    #1412 - [-] 
		A foot-track spell to keep the police away.
		(entry 2224, cylinder 2539:5)
    #1413 - [-] 
		A story about a preacher who used goofer dust. 
		(entry 658, cylinder 2541:1)
    #1414
    #1415 - [-] 
		Crossroads stories, which Hyatt broke into two parts
  		(entry 340, cylinder 2528:3)
		(entry 354, cylinder 2547:3)
    #1416 - #1424
    #1425 - [-] 
		Dime at ankle plus graveyard dirt, red pepper, and sulphur in your shoes protects from tricks.
		(entry 1321, cylinder 2570:10)
    #1426 - [-] (Probably a woman, based on the spells given)
		To see the future husband: Place three unlighted matches in each of a pair of his shoes,
		cross the shoes like a letter "t" and then sleep on them to divine through a dream if he
		will marry you.
		(entry 591, cylinder 2572;13)
		Wipe man after sex with handkerchief 3 times upward, then place handkerchief on floor
		overnight, pick it up in morning; do this nine nights (27 upward wipes), then hide
		handkerchief; man cannot have other women, but she can have other men.
		(entry 10238, cylinder 2459:1) (this c. number wrong or out of order)
    #1427 - #1430 
    #1431 - [-] 79 year old man (born c. 1860), known as a "See-er," born gifted; nicknamed "Dad" 
		due to his age. He referred to hoodoo as "witchcraft" or "'craft work" and described 
		hands-on methods to break up 'craft work. 
		Interview at Vol. 2, pg.1048, cylinder C1001:1-C1008:1 = 2482-2489. 
		(This c. number wrong or out of order.) 
    #1432 - #1437
    #1438 - [-] 
		Gave a crossroads story 
		(entry 341, cylinder 2581:1)
         
         
         
Wilson, NC

  c. May - June 1939

    #1455 - [-] A man who told how women capture men by feeding them  
          menstrual blood in coffee or mollasses bread. 
          (entry 3881, cylinder 2645:5.]
    #1456 - 1466
    #1467 - [-] put graveyard dirt on the wound where a person bit you  
          and their teeth will rot out
          (entry 1320, cylinder 2651:14)
    #1468 - #1496
    #1497 - [-] 
          (entry 877, cylinder 2665:13)
    #1498 
    #1499 - [-] waning moon spell: "Take de snail an' put it on a corn, 
          an' jes' rub it on de corn when de moon's a shrinkin', an' dat 
          corn will leave dat foot."
          (entry 1563, cylinder 2667:22.)
    #1500 - #1505
    #1506 - [-] "... take your old shoes and burn 'em so no one kin jomo 
          work yo'. Yo' always have good luck at chure home."
          (entry 1505, cylinder 2673:9)
    #1507 - [-] recipe for goofer dust 
          (entry 671, cylinder 2675:6)
    #1513 - [-]
          graveyard dirt from over the heart of a sinner's grave, red pepper,
          sulphur, salt; sew into red flannel, lay it away in the east corner 
          of the yard -- that will drive someone away. To cure the condition, 
          the victim would make a tea of the same ingredients and drink it. 
          The same mixture thrown into a well kill live things that were put
          there by a root doctor to harm anyone drinking from the well. 
          (entry 705, cylinder 2679:13) 
          
Memphis, TN (second trip)

  Interviews were conducted at the home of Mrs. [-] Jones. Hyatt's driver
  and contact man, Edward Bufford, Jr., stayed at her house too.

  October 24, 1939
  
    #1516 - first recording in this location began with this informant #
    #1517 - #153
	#1524 - [-]
		To keep the police away, sprinkle salt in front of your door and scrub the floor with lye. 
		Scrub the floor every friday morning. 
		(entry 2645, cylinder 2721:3)
    #1525 [-] (Probably a woman, based on the spells given)
          Measurement of Man Worn In Bottle: Or, dey say, if yo' take de measure of
          yo', dat will stop him. He  cain't go wit anyone else. (In a small bottle.)
          (cylinder 2723:18).
    #1526 - 1528
    #1529 [-] (Probably a man, based on the spells given)
		If you have a wife that wont stay home, always ready to run off. Well, now if you can cut
		the hair off a dogs tail and get you some hair out of her head, and put that hair together
		and wrap it up in a flannel rag, and you bury that at the doorstep, and then all of them
		stay there. They won't leave.
          (entry 5853, cylinder 2733:10).
    #1530 - 1531
    
   October 30, 1939 (Monday)
   
    #1532 - [-] A 50 year old woman, professional rootworker. 
	Hyatt wrote of her:
		[Informant 1532 says, "Ah wus troubled an' worried ovah life." What she means, her
		allegory of the three rooms will illustrate. Eventually, realizing that she could "Go no
		further than God have given power tuh go," a new choice is made in the forks-of-the-road
		parable. She then reenforces her lesson to me by telling "de sweetest story most evah
		heard."] ["Memphis, Tenn., Mon., Oct. 30, 1939 - 1532 - woman 50 - professional - fair to
		good [[later I raised her rating]] - [[brought by]] new man & Chicken" - Numbers Book
		1516-1557. The new man is unremembered but Chicken is a small-time hand-maker or root
		doctor. Ready Money, another professional worker, who always had a little "ready money" on
		hand, first appears two numbers later, 1534. For these nicknames given to doctors, see
		pp.293-294 and Doctor in Index.  The material is on cylinders D61:3 - D65:3 = 2744 -
		2750.] This woman gave Hyatt one unusual recipe that Myrtle Collins #926/#1538 also gave
		him (and charged him $10.00 for). #1532's version was not as structurally sound or as well
		presented as Collins' but the presumption is that they knew one another. The recipe
		involves a bath in Baking Soda, powdered Mustard, and another mineral (Salt in the case of
		#1532; Saltpeter in the case of Mrs. Collins #926/#1538).
		See Volume Two, pages 992-1024. 
    #1533 - 
    #1534 - [-] A man, professional rootworker, nicknamed "Ready Money" 
		[See notes to #1532: "Ready Money, another professional worker, who always had a little
		"ready money" on hand, first appears two numbers later, 1534." Also called "Mojo Expert"
		by Hyatt in his introduction. The man knew Hyatt had nearly been arrested the last time he
		was in Memphis, and advised him how to work without a license, and without business cards.
		Said Hyatt, "Do not miss his masterful account of the Jack-Ball or Jack or Samuel with its
		channel de worl'  - roll, roll - all addressed to the spirit dwelling in this fetish."
		"Yo' heah today an' yo' wants people tuh come heah an' yo' workin' secretly. Maybe yo'
		hasn't got on yore wall whut's on mine an' yo' wants people tuh come heah wit'out puttin'
		out cards. Yo' don't put any cards out - don't advertise at all. Yo' sit heah an' have 'em
		tuh come, see whut ah mean? Dat's a man yo' supposed tuh be, a 'herb doctor,' a
		'spiritual,' an' a 'herb doctor.'"
        See Volume Two, page 1248
        (cylinders D68:5-D90:3= 2751-2763).
    #1535 - 1537
    #1538 - Mrs. Myrtle Collins / Madam Collins of 651 Stephens Street (now Stephens Place),
		a professional root worker, was interviewed here for the second time (cylinders 
		[D96:1 - D110-2 = 2779 - 2793). She was the only person interviewed twice and given 
		two informant #s. 
		Her earlier interview was as informant #926; 
		(cylinders B45:19 - B51:1 = 1503 - 1509])
		See the entry at #926 for further details.
		See Volume Two, pages 992-1024.
		See "Notes on the Memphis hoodoo root worker Madam Myrtle Collins" 
		for further details and maps of her neighborhood.
          
  While in Memphis, Hyatt learned of the WPA work, then ongoing, of interviewing elderly 
  African-Americans for the "Ex-Slave Narratives." He discussed this on 
          (cylinder 2786:5) See Volume One, page ????? XXX
          
    #1543 - [-]
		Cause an enemy to move out: Write enemy's name on a piece of paper and soak it in 
		chamber lye (urine) until dissolved, then throw on their porch in the dead of night.
		(entry 4179, cylinder 2993:3) [possibly cylinder number is out of order]
    #1547 - [-] 
		(entry 1733, cylinder 2808:2)
    #1548 - #1551
    #1552 - [-] Elderly "Jack Ball Man." 
		Hyatt's notes to informant #825: "To determine whether he should visit me, this
		elderly rootman - informant 1552 - consulted his Jack-ball. Fortunately for me the
		spirit of this fetish had sense enough to answer that I could be trusted" (my
		introductory comment for JACK-BALL MAN interview not yet paginated, which contains
		the rite)" 
    #1553 - #1556
	#1557 [NOTE: cylinder number (2905:5) and location (Algiers, LA) are out of order for entry 
		30655, and i believe that #1557 is a mis-transcription for informant #1575 and have placed 
		it there, where it fits perfectly. There may, therefore, be a second informant #1557.)
 
After leaving Memphis in November 1939, Hyatt probably spent the Holidays at home in NYC.

New Orleans, LA (second trip)

  This begins the "E-series" numbering of the recordings.

  February 14, 1940 (Wednesday)
  
  Hyatt stayed at the Hotel Saint Charles and recorded interviews at the Patterson Hotel which 
  "had moved down the street" since his first visit and was now a "transient hotel."  There was 
  a lot of reverberation in the rooms, making recording conditions "just about impossible."

    #1558 - [-], the wife of "Pegleg," who had been interviewed in New Orleans two years earlier, 
		was the first interviewee in New Orleans on this trip. 
		(cylinder E1 = 2833)
		Mother of Perpetual Help can be petitioned for getting a job, keeping peace in your
		home, and helps to heal the sick. Her offering is a pink candle. 
		(entry 3022, cylinder 2838:7)
    #1559 - [-] The "Gifted Medium," a Catholic Spiritualist woman who repeatedly used the phrase 
		"according to a form" and gave many, many spells employing saints as well as regular hoodoo 
		tricks. She distinguished between working with saints or "medium work" (her specialties) 
		and "hoodoo work [where] they have cards [for fortune telling] ... diff'rent kinda herbs 
		an' roots an' things of de sort, an' people brings ole underclothes or ole stockin's or 
		ole forms of things" -- but she was very well versed in hoodoo nonetheless. She called 
		hoodoo "contact work" because it utilizes physical magical links (contacts) to the parties. 
		She called the usual method of re-tipping candles and burning them upside  down, "butting 
		the light." She gave two harmful spells for work with doll babies, one of which included a 
		coffin burial rite. She also described in detail the practices and the distinctive garments 
		worn by members of the Spiritualist churches in New Orleans and told how to work by the Moon. 
		Vol. 2, pg. 962. (cylinders E6:7-E19:3 = 2839-2852)
    #1560 - #1561
    
  February 15, 1940 (Thursday)

    #1562 - [-], "a man who worked at the Crackerjack Drug Store" and talked about "powders," 
		hence in Hyatt's terms "NG" (no good). A missed opportunity to gather information about 
		urban-style hoodoo.
    #1563 - [-]
		(cylinder E6:2 = 2839)
    #1564 - 1565
    #1566 - [-]  
		Said that any powder is goofer dust! 
		(entry 674, cylinder 2871:7)
    #1567

  February 19, 1940 (Monday)
  
  The weather was "horrible." Recording was conducted in the 
  Patterson Hotel. Hyatt caught a cold and had a fever.
  
    #1568 - [-] 
          (cylinder E45 = 2878)
    #1569 - #1574

Algiers, LA

  A man named Marshall was hired as a chauffeur and contact man. This man is also
  referred to as Mack, and so i consider it likely that Marshall is the proper first
  name of Mack Berryhill, the taxi driver whom he had hired the first time he was in
  NOLA, two years earlier) He picked Hyatt up in New Orleans every morning and took
  the ferry with him across the river to Algiers.

  February 21, 1940 (Wednesday) 
  
  It was Hyatt's birthday. His wife phoned him. He still had a cold and fever and was
  seeing a doctor. Recordings were made at the Eagle Eye Hall, 1700 Nunez Street,
  Algiers, La.
  
    #1575 - [-] first recording of the day [mistranscribed as 1557; see below]
	 	Red candle offering to the Sacred Heart of Jesus on Monday, Wednesday, or Friday for 
		peace in your home. 
		(entry 30655, cylinder 2905:5) [NOTE: cylinder number (or informant number) out of 
		order, and i believe this is a mis-transcription for 1575 and have placed it there.)
    #1576 -
    #1577 - [-] A professional herbalist and rotworker, by the type of spells given. 
		Boil cinnamon bark and sugar in aa pot, strain out the bark, and use the water for 
		scrubbing the sidewalk, the door, and inside the business to bring customers. 
		(entry 2457, cylinder 2904:1)
		Gambling hand: blacksnake root, devil's shoe string, John the Conqueror, cinnamon, 
		Van Van perfume, silver dime, in chamois cloth
  		(entry 1831, cylinder 2905:5)
    #1578 -
    
  February 22, 1940 (Thursday)
  
  The sun came out for the first time since Hyatt had arrived.
  
    #1579 - [-], first recording of the day
          (cylinder E75 = 2908)
    #1580 - [-]
		Put nine table spoons of sugar in a glass of water as an offering to the Sacred
		Heart of Jesus. Place a picture of the person you are interested in under the glass and
		this will attract their attention to you. 
		(entry 3064, cylinder 2916:7)
	1581 - #1583
    #1584 - [-] "Small-Time Worker" -- a elderly woman.
          Saint John's Water, Marie Baptists, and Marie Laveau. 
          [Algiers, La., (1584), 2955:1; elderly woman, small-time worker, who 
          could remember people filling bottles with Saint John's water.  She 
          also gave the information in margin-title Marie Baptists and Marie 
          LeVeau.]
         (cylinder 2955:1)
         
   February 23, 1940 (Friday)
       
    #1585 - [-] A 60 year old woman who wore dark sun glasses.
		Hyatt called her "Dark Lady, Dark Glasses, Dark Deeds." In his introduction to her
		interview, he wrote: "[Dark glasses wore this dark lady who recounted dark deeds.
		They were the large, old-fashioned, inexpensive colored glasses - very dark indeed.
		She also had tied about her head a kerchief to complete the disguise. Did I see her
		as she appeared before patients in the consultation room? For dark glasses and
		kerchief, see my concluding comment; for dark deed, read. This elderly woman,
		informant 1585, filled cylinders E122:11 - E132:1 = 2955:11 - 2965:1. For location
		and description of Algiers, see ALGIERS in INTRODUCTION.]" 
		At the end of the interview transcription, Hyatt described this informant as "Woman,
		60 [years old] - excellent - colored eyeglasses" (End of 1585.)" 
		He also mentioned her sun glasses while testing his equipment the next day, February
		24. recorded on cylinders E122:11-E132:1 = 2955 - 2965 (see below).
		(Her interview is in Vol. 2, pp. 1059 - 1075, 
		cylinders 2955 - 2965)
    #1586 - [-] As this  interview was conducted, a "colored 
          funeral" comprising 2,000 marchers went by, playing 
          Chopin's Funeral March.  
    #1587 -      
 
  February 24, 1940 (Saturday) 
    
 "Testing the stylus [of Telediphone], Algiers, Louisiana, Saturday, February 24,
 1940.  One woman who came here yesterday, No. 1585, wore sun glasses and had a
 handkerchief tied around her head in sort of a disguise. Next 1588."
  
    #1588 -
    #1589 - Mrs. [-] Murray; Hyatt called her "Madam" Murray, but she clearly refers to herself 
		  as "Mrs." Murray. 
          (Her interview is in Vol. 2, pp. page 1276 - 1289,
          cylinders E1245:1 - E1252:2 = 2827:1 - 2834:2)
    #1590 - #1595
	#1596 - [-] Mix cinnamon, brown sugar, and reddening (red brick dust) in scrub water for luck
		  (entry 2580, cylinder 3002:6)
	#1597 -
            	  
  February 27, 1940 (Tuesday) 
  
  "We are having our old difficulty again -- great crowds of
  people rushing in but none of them really knowing anything."
   
    #1598 - [-] ("actually #1597A") First recording of the day
    #1599 - Mack / Marshall; Hyatt's chauffeur in New Orleans. the use of May water to remove 
		  "burdens" (troubles). 
          (entry 986, cylinder 2915:1)
          
  February 28, 1940 (Wednesday) (Leap Year Day)

  The day began with cylinder E183:1 = 3016
          
    #1600 - 1601
    #1602 - [-] 
		A graveyard dirt, egg yolk, and black candle spell to move someone out. 
		 (entry 10161, cylinder 3024:1) 

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