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This web page is a supplement to my research into the folk-lore field work conducted among African-Americans by Harry M. Hyatt in the late 1930s. For a description of his work, see my introduction to Hyatt's five-volume collection of oral histories.

Hyatt did not attach the names of his informants to their statements, but some information about their identities and where they lived can be gleaned from his introduction and reminiscences in Volume One, and supplemented by internal references throughout the five volumes.

The information on this page is ***not complete*** and is being updated as i have free time. I am posting it on the web in this form for the benefit of those interested in hoodoo and also for the many people pursuing the subject of African-American genealogy, the latter because several people have expressed curiosity about whether their relatives were ever interviewed or mentioned by Harry M. Hyatt. If you have any data to ADD, it would be gratefully accepted and credited here. Primarily, if, you own a copy of Hyatt's 5-volume set and happen to run across names of individuals in their interviews or the magical works they describe, send them along to me and i will insert them in the appropriate place in the list.


The data on this page is sorted in the following order
location (with comments by Hyatt)
date (if known)
informant number (and name if known)
entry number (if given one by Hyatt)
page numbers (for interviews of professional workers)
cylinder recording number (if known)

sample: Snow Hill, MD

If Hyatt gave a location, it is stated, with his selected comments about the place, who his driver and/or "contact man" was, and where the interviews were conducted.

sample: February 22, 1937

Harry Hyatt's field work began March 12, 1936 and ended February 28, 1940. Most dates given here are from Hyatt's introduction in Volume One. Where dates are not given, there is no dating information known, but i have interpolated some approximate dates in [brackets]

sample: #106 - Mr. Melvin White (a cooper), husband of #105.

A number preceded by the hash-mark or pound-sign # indicates an informant's number; when this number is followed by [-], the hyphen in brackets indicates that part or all of the name of the informant is not known. Informant numbers run sequentially from #1 - #1,602. The names given are taken from Hyatt's introduction, occasionally bolstered by internal evidence i have gleaned from the informant's interview.

sample: (entry 22)

Entry numbers indicate the number of an entry for a spell, charm, belief, or recipe. Entry numbers run sequentially from (1) to (13,458), and Hyatt organized them by topic, not by informant, location, or cylinder recording number.

When an informant gave more than one entry, i place the entries in the order of their cylinder recording numbers, to approximate the way the interview actually was conducted.

sample: pages 2222 - 2222

Page number citations most often refer to interviews with professional root doctors, which were not entry-numbered but are designated by page numbers.

sample: (cylinder 2222:2)

Cylinder recording numbers run sequentially through several series of numbering schemes. Cylinder numbers can be used to help date entries and interviews.

Hyatt used two recording machines from 1936 - 1940, an Edison cylinder cutter, which he deemed unsatisfactory and soon replaced, and a Telediphone cylinder cutter, which proved reliable.

Edison cylinder transcriptions are marked ED and are not numbered, nor is the informant's regional speech pattern preserved. There were 85 Edison cylinder recordings. All are marked ED.

Telediphone cylinders were transcribed phonetically. They ran in five "series," A through E, and had numbers in their respective series, but they were also double-numbered sequentially, without reference to series, from [1] through [3016]. Thus a cylinder may be referred to as [1503] or as [B45 = 1503]. The cylinder number is generally given in two parts, separated by a colon -- e.g. [1130:7]. In this example, 1130 is the cylinder number and 7 indicates the 7th interview or section on that cylinder.


I believe that very few, if any, interviews were conducted with people whom Hyatt believed to be mentally ill or blatantly drunk, and that the de-selection of such impaired informants was the business of Hyatt's series of "contact men," that is, his African American employees who pre-interviewed and sometimes also chauffered Hyatt and the candidates selected for recording. These "contact men" were, over the course of four years, Jerry Williams, Mr. Maddox, Mr. Gavin, "Carter", Edward Bufford Jr., Mack Berryhill (23 Feb 1915 - 23 Apr 1990), and "Marshall" -- the latter two names possibly referring to one person, namely Marshall "Mack" Berryhill. The work of these "contact men" as gate-keepers and pre-interviewers was vital to the success of Hyatt's project, and therefore worthy of note in ths compilation.

New York City, NY

  March 12, 1936 - 

    #1 - Julia [-], Alma Hyatt's household manager.
    #2 - # 6 People brought in by Julia [-].
    #7 - Mrs. [-] Baker, brought in by Julia [-].
    #8 - #11 People brought in by Julia [-].
    #12 - Samuel Forman, an old man.

Ocean City, MD

  Ocean City contact man was Jerry Williams (#13); some of the
  entries from this trip were not recorded by machine but
  taken "by hand" on the streets of MD, probably in April, 1936.
  In December, 1936, after having discarded the Edison machine, 
  Hyatt returned with the new recording device, the
  Telediphone, and made a second interview with Jerry WIlliams
  #13, his helper; hence this is the one "cylinder" recording
  in this section. 
  April, 1936 
    #13 Jerry Williams, contact man, a relative of the deceased
        root doctor George Jackson Dennis; 
        see also informants #102, #103, and #139, all in his 
        family; the most complete information is at #139.
        "I had interviewed him that summer (1936) at Ocean City, Md."
        (entry ?, [ED?])
        Later, testing the new Telediphone at Snow Hill, MD (see below):
        An account of George Jackson Dennis (originally told to Jerry
        by his "grandmother aunt" (great-aunt)) of how George Jackson
        cured Jerry's great-uncle Purnell Dennis of "live things" 
        which Purnell got when poisoned in milk by a woman named Bettie. 
        The spell involved a cathartic decoction taken orally, which
        George Jackson sang to as it boiled. Although Purnell was cured 
        of this trick by his own brother, Jerry seems unaware of the
        family connection or doesn't bother to mention it to Hyatt 
        in his interview.
        (entry 3094, cylinder 1:1)
    #14 [-] gives a crossroads story 
        (entry 349, cylinder [ED])
    #15 - #30
    #31 - [-] graveyard dirt in box under house; use sinner's dirt for 
         house protection
         (entry 1318, cylinder [ED])
         use dirt of deceased mother to stop her haunting her children
         (entry 1307, cylinder [ED])
    #32 - #35 

Warrenton, VA
  Spril, 1936
    #36 - [-] discusses powdered serpents' heads 
        (entry 668, cylinder [ED])

Fredricksburg, VA
    May, 1936

    #37 - [-] "man on train"; was a Pullman Porter 
        encountered en route to Fredericksburg, VA.
        (entry 2108)
    #?? - [-] wet shoes at noon, carry back to river at Full Moon 
         to caue people to drown themselves. 
         (entry 5299, cylinder [ED])
    #38 - #80 - unaccounted for; MD or VA
    #81 - [-] French (Surname or nickname?)
  this sequence ends Hyatt's recording with the Ediphone and
  cylinders marked [ED].

XXXXX confusing -- i will check and rework this section!!!
Virginia (?): a man named Carter was the contact man

Snow Hill, MD

  Hyatt began recording with the Telediphone, a much heavier 
  cylinder-cutting machine. Telediphone recordings have their 
  own numbering system for cylinders. (see above)

  December 4, 1936  (cited in Introduction) or
  December 14, 1936, Friday (cited on page 915) was the
  date of the first test recording, cylinder 1:1, a brief
  statement by Jerry Williams #13, the contact man. See
  informant #13 for the specifics of what Jerry said. 
    #83 - [-] informant from Nansemond Co., Va. 
        gives recipe for goofer dust 
        (entry 666, cylinder 1:8)
        black pepper in shoe keeps footprint from registering
        (entry 1123, cylinder 2:22)
    #84 - #85
    #86 - Mr. [-] Douglas, relative of #87, #88, #89, and #92 
    #87 - Mr. John A. Douglas
    #88 - Mrs. [-] Douglas, wife of #87
    #89 - Mrs. Laura Mills, adult daughter of Mr. John A. Douglas
          #87 and Mrs. [-] Douglas, #88.
    #90 - 
    #91 - Miss [-] Steele.
    #92 - Mr. [-] Douglas, a relative of #86, #87, #88, and #89 
    #93 - #98

St. James, MD
"A Negro settlement on Easter Shore, 5 miles from Pocomoke City, Md."

    #99 - [-] informant tells of a woman he knows who for 25 years, 
         that is, since 1911, has sprinkled graveyard dirt toward 
         people to protect herself and ward off racial prejudice. 
         (entry 1316, by hand)
    #100 - #101  
    #102 - Mr. Purnell Dennis, in his 70s, the great-uncle of Jerry 
         Williams #13, the brother of George Jackson Dennis,
         the deceased root worker (mentioned in entry 3092 etc.), and 
         also related somehow (possibly through marriage) to Julia [-]
         #1, the Hyatt family housekeeper. George Jackson Dennis and 
         Purnell Dennis were both born in slavery. Their owner was "John  
         Hugh Dennis, father of Samuel Dennis, the former [pre-1936] 
         Chief Justice of Baltimore." George Jackson Dennis died 
         circa 1900 (entries 3093, 3104). For more detailed family ties,
         see informant #139. 
    #103 - Mrs. [-] Dennis, in her 70s, wife of Purnell Dennis #102
    #104 - Mrs. [-] Ward ("elderly").
    #105 - Mrs. [-] White, wife of Melvin White #106.
    #106 - Mr. Melvin White (a cooper), husband of #105.
    #107 - Albert White (15 year old son of #105 and #106).
    #108 - George White (data is confused; he is related to #105-#109,
         but #108 is elsewhere stated to be F. Milburne [Hyatt's typo?]).
    #109 - Melvin White, Jr.; son of #105 and #106.
    #110 - #124 

Princess Anne, MD

    #125 - Mr. [-] Maddox, a waiter in the town hotel who became a contact
         man; brought in #127, #129, #130, #133, and possibly others in 
         Princess Anne.
         "Two years before becoming the priest of her [informant
         #825's] dream [in 1938], I had been seen as a spirit of some
         sort in the dream of a man at Princess Anne, Md.  I had
         appeared to tell him where he could find a treasure.  (For
         the importance of dreams in treasure-hunting, see 418,
         p.125.)  I did show him treasure - I made him my contact man
         for the town." (This note in Vol. 2, appended to the interview
         with informant #825, would seem to refer to Mr. Maddox, as
         he was the contact man in Princess Anne, MD.)
         How a local conjure from Deal's island "specialized" in the "slobber"
         from the mouth of a corpse and got Maddox to help him dig for corpse
         slobber for use in luck-working tricks.
         (entry 821, cylinder 24:7)
         Tale of a conjure whose power came from his brother's skull and
         who was also a travelling stage-magician and hypnotist.  
         (entry 820, cylinder 25:1)
         A crossroads story 
         (entry 347, cylinder 38.1)
    #127 - George Tilmer or Tilman, born 1850; 86 years old in 1936
		 (entry 3102).
    #129 - Mr. J. Shrieve, the only white man interviewed 
         (entry 8).
    #130 - Mr. Joshua Wilson, "age 65" 
         bury woman's nature at doorstep to keep other men away 
         (entry 1767, cylinder 34:1)
         bury rival's urine at his own doorstep in dripping bottle; 
         keep him away from your woman: "crossing a man from a woman"
         (entry 1768, cylinder 33:3) 
         Jack made from a magnet (loadstone?) and woman's hair, kept
         by a man to forestall other men having sex with her
         (entry 3095, cylinder 34.3)
         all three entries relate to the work of the deceased root 
         doctor George Jackson Dennis [whom Wilson calls "Uncle", but 
         possibly as an honourific]; Wilson drove folks out to see Dennis). 
         See informant #139 for more on George Jackson Dennis. 
    #131 - #132 
    #133 - Joe Dorman 
         (entry 8221)

Baltimore, MD

  Interviews were conducted in the church and in the home of
  Rev. and Mrs. John Burke and the home of Mrs. [-] Williams, #139.

    #134 - #138 
    #139 - Mrs. [-] Williams, widow of Elijah Williams, mother of contact 
         man and chauffeur Jerry Williams #13, and niece by marriage of the 
         deceased root worker George Jackson Dennis and his brother Purnell
         Dennis #102. 
         History of George Jackson Dennis and his family: 
         George Jackson Dennis, Purnell Dennis #102, and their sister (who 
         married a Mr. Williams and was the mother of Elijah Williams) were born 
         in slavery at Cedar Hall farm near Pocomoke City, Md. Their owner was 
         "John Hugh Dennis, father of Samuel Dennis, the former [pre-1936] 
         Chief Justice of Baltimore." [Hyatt's "John Hugh Dennis" is probably 
         a mistranscription of "John Upshur Dennis." These Dennis slave owners 
         are descendents of Littleton Dennis Esq. (1728 - May 6, 1774). John 
         Upshur Dennis (April 10, 1793 - December 23, 1851), the father of 
         Samuel Dennis, owned 160 slaves in Worcester County, Maryland. See for pictures of
         some Dennis family slaves and the veve-like wrought iron work that
         they installed at the Dennis home to keep away evil spirits.] The
         rootworker and former slave George Jackson Dennis was born circa 1830
         and died circa 1900 at age 70, but "youngified" in appearance; he was
         buried in Fairmount, Md. No children, no photographs extant in the 
         family; he was gifted and could read the Bible. 
         (entry 3092, cylinder 38.1)  
         A very long story about the 19th century root worker Zippy Tull. The
         story begins with the enmity between Harriet Henderson and Emma
         Henderson and how Harriet told Mrs. Williams' grandmother Liza [-] not
         to give Emma any food. When Liza disobeyed and fed Emma, Harriet cut a
         coffin-shaped piece out of Liza's underwear and took the measure of
         her foot and put it in a graveyard. Liza fell sick in April, barking
         like a dog. By August her husband James [-] decided to see the root
         doctor Zippy Tull at Drummondtown, Virginia. James borrowed a horse
         from the woman he worked for, Miss Liza Marle. Zippy Tull told him to
         find the cloth, almost rotted (if it had rotted, Liza would have
         died), and she would "do the balance." The cure worked; by September,
         Liza was picking apples in the orchard. According to Mrs. Williams,
         Zippy Tull was deceased by 1936. However, as with the Dennis family, a
         lot can be found online about both the white Tull family and
         descendants of the African American Tull slaves in the DelMarVa area.
         There is no doubt in my mind that Zippy Tull existed, but her birth
         name was probably something more formal or Biblical. I suspect it was
         Ziporah. A far different account of Zippy Tull, painting her as a witch
         who was much feared and who performed evil works of magic and poisoning,
         appears in the journal of Etha Parsons Yohe (1875 - ?) of Parsonsburg, 
         Wicomico County, Maryland, which was online as of October 2003 at In the extracted portion of
         the journal, Etha, recalling events when she was 8 years old (that is,  
         in 1883) refers to Zippy Tull as "Old Zippy Tull," suggesting a birthdate 
         for her in 1830 or earlier, contemporaneous with George Jackson Dennis. 
         Drummundtown, VA, Zippy Tull's home town, is now known as Accomac, VA. 
         The Tull Farm Slave Quarter is still extant in Pocomoke City, MD.          
         (entry 3104, cylinder 38:2)
         Circa 1896, Mrs. Williams' mother, name unknown, then 40 years old, walked  
         by a chimney and got a pain in her toe that led to paralysis, Doctor 
         Quinn (an MD) could not cure her, so Elijah Williams and Mrs. Williams walked 
         from Pocomoke to Fairmount to find Elijah's uncle, George Jackson Dennis.
         He said the trick was done by a short woman of light colour who had 
         made a cut-tin effigy of Mrs. Williams' mother, with the foot cut off.
         and laid it at the base of the chimney, where the victim stepped over it.
         He told Elijah to return to Pocomoke, dig up the effigy before sunrise 
         and bring it to him and he would "do the balance." Elijah found the 
         mutilated cut-tin effigy, took it to George Jackson, and his mother-in-law 
         was cured and lived another 10 years. 
         (entry 3093, cylinder 40:1)
     #??? - [-] (# lost) tale of woman who consulted Aunt Dinah in Chattanooga, Tennessee;
          to capture man, measure string around penis, bury in graveyard, dug up after 
          two days, gave back to client wrapped in red flannel and stuck with needles, 
          told her to hide it in the bed tick; man would stay with her and leave his wife
          (entry 10237, cylinder 42:2)

Elizabeth City, NC

    #182 - [-] gives a crossroads story 
         (entry 333, no cylinder number noted)
Wilmington, NC

  Mr. [-] Gavin acted as contact man. Hyatt had met him through his 
  wife's housekeeper Julia [-] #1, who was Mr. Gavin's sister-in-law. 
  "I Interviewed in the Gavin home and had lunch there every day" 
  (page 902). Here Hyatt commenced the hiding of the microphone in 
  his "old black hat." Also "the dialect trouble began in Wilmington"; 
  as he travelled farther south and eventually west, Hyatt and his
  transcribers began having increasing difficulties understanding 
  their informants' speech. Burying the microphone under a hat 
  probably didn't help the clarity of the recordings, either! 

    #??? - Carrie Gavin, sister of Julia [-]  #1 
    #??? - Mr. [-] Gavin, "her  husband, first name unremembered," 
    	 the Wilmington contact man
    #198 - [-] probably a woman (says she cooked dinner); 
         She lived on Campbell Street in Wilmington, NC
         ("Twus my gate on Campbell Street where I lives at
         right in Wilmington. At ten 'clock - I'm talkin'
         about mah ownself, at what I know on Campbell Street.")
         bluestone, sulphur, unspecified roots, victim's hair, 
         buried at gate; causes victim to have weakness and to 
         lay down every night at the same time; disposed of
         by burning in fire; victim cured, but woman who fixed
         it had to go to hospital to have her leg cut off.         
         (entry 929, cylinder104:3)
    #199 - #201
    #292 - [-]
         bury a piece of someone's underwear in a gaveyard;
         as it rots, they die. 
         (entry 4758, cylinder 108:2)
    #293 - #213     
    #214 - [-] 
         break stick on mother's grave to stop her haunting
         her children
        (entry 1305, cylinder 205:4)
    #215 - #223
  February 12, 1937

    #224 - Ethel Waters, born in Willard, NC, self-described as "a 
         wise woman" or healer. Excerpt from interview in Volume Two, 
         pages 1294 - 1295 Numbers Book 136-317; Cylinder 215.                         
         (also entry 714, cylinder 215)
    #225 - #228
    #229 - Eddie [-] Surname unknown
    #230 - #240
    #241 - [-] 
         gives a crossroads story 
         (entry 363, cylinder 239.4)
         nine grains of bluestone in each corner to keep out witches
         (entry 488, 239:7)
         graveyard dirt and mockingbird nest to bring back lost lover
         (entry 7835, cylinder 164:4+85) [this number seems wrong]
    #242 - #248
    #249 - [-] Informant gave account of uncle who was institutionalized
         in Goldsboro, NC, after 3 years of insanity at home, and who, 
         upon release, was cured by a rootworker from the "South" who 
         charged $25.00 and performed a spell involving graveyard dirt 
         in a buried threshold bottle, salty water from Wrightville
         Sound, rocks, two dimes to be worn on the legs, and a belt 
         to be worn, The cure was effective. 
         (entry 896, cylinder 245:9. Location "Two miles on this side 
         of Hempstead, a place (Negro community) dey call Browntown."
    #250 - #291
    #292 - Lewis [-] Surname unknown; see page 300.
    #293 - #313
    #311 - Willie Jones
    	entry 893
    #314 - #315
    #316 - [-] a bootlegger who tells a long, sad story about his
         "crazy" wife and his legal troubles; many root doctors
         are named, because he consulted many, including one of the 
         Doctor Buzzards. Their uncrossing cures varied in style
         and efficacy and will eventually be logged here.
         (entry 3082, cylinder 244.1+85, hand transcription)
    #317 - #345
    #346 - Eugene Love, who bet his interview number, won $4.00 and
    	  came back to split his winnings with Hyatt and get another
    	  "lucky number." Hyatt therefore changed to recording the 
    	  interviewee's number *after* he or she left the room.
    #347 - #360 

February - April, 1937

Richmond, VA

  From this point on, some people thought Hyatt was an FBI
  agent, or "the law."

    #361 - [-] discussion of goofer dust and graveyard dirt 
         (entry 664, cylinder 296:8)
    #372 - E. W. Lindsay, first professional root doctor interviewed; 
    	 his biography is in Volume One, page XXVIII, his interview is  
    	 in Volume Two, pages 943-8.
    #375 - [-] 
         "a hopeful client" who believed Hyatt was a root doctor; 
         "NG" (no good)
    #? - "Humpadee", a female root doctor.
    #? - [-] King, who disappeared.
  April 21, 1937

    #385 - "Root Doctor" Johnson, a 65 year old man of mixed 
         Native American and African-American ethnicity, born in 
         Indian Territory (now Oklahoma), and brought to Bristol, VA 
         when he was young. He carried in a sack of roots he had
         freshly dug to show Hyatt. 
         Interview Volume Two pages 1620 -1624, cylinders [329:1 - 332:7]
    #386 - #388
    #389 - [-] 
         graveyard dirt in shoes and around home for protection
         (entry 1313, cylinder 338:2)
    #391 - [-] 
         this person waited 5 hours (paid) to be interviewed, the 
         longest wait of all.
    #392 - #405
    #406 - [-] 
         graveyard dirt, salt, pepper, and sulphur keeps visitors off
         (entry 9605, cylinder 361:5)
    #407 - #437 unaccounted for; either Richmond VA or Elizabeth City, NC

Elizabeth City, NC 

  May, 1937

  "Never in my life did I interview a black person in a white
  person's home except my own (which includes my own hotels)"
  etc. (Volume One, page XIX). This is an important note on
  technique: Hyatt explains that except for five occasions
  detailed, all interviews were conducted in the homes or
  hotels of black people.

    #438 - [-]
         successive Moon phases: wear salt and Red pepper seeds in
         your shoes on last quarter Waning Moon then, on the growing
         of the New Moon the man you want will come to you
         (entry 9586, cylinder 391:4)
         goofer dust contains graveyard dirt; it gives you a lingering cough. 
         (entry 662, cylinder 558:5) [this cylinder number seems far wrong.] 
    #439 - #481 unaccounted for; either Elizabeth City NC or Norfolk, VA

Norfolk, VA

  May, 1937
  Hyatt drove to Norfolk with [-] Carter, his new contact man, in
  Carter's "family car" (co-owned with other family members).

    #??? - Doctor Paul Bowles, professional root doctor 
         Interview Volume Two, pages 1733-38
    #482 - Mrs. [-] Graham, former wife of Vander Graham 
         (entry 888).
    #??? - Doctor Frank Harris 
         (entry 1958), Volume One, page 573.
    #483 - #486
    #487 - [-]
         steal an Irish potato, wrap it in something, and carry it 
         in your pocket; as it ferments, the rheumatism will leave
         (entry 1423, cylinder 518:6)
    #488 - #493
    #494 -
 Berkly, VA ("near Norfolk, VA")
    June, 1937
    #494A - Mrs. Lenny [Lenora?] Griffin, professional root worker
    	 resident in Berkly, VA; originally from Bertie Co., NC); 
    	 born in slavery; she would have to have been about 80 years 
    	 old at the time of the interview, for slavery ended when she 
    	 was about eight years old. Her first name -- probably short  
    	 for Lenore, Lenora, or something of that sort -- is given by her  
    	 in a story she tells on herself about events during the Civil War, 
    	 when she was a child. In the interview title, Hyatt calls her 
    	 "Madam" Griffin, but at the end of the interview he calls 
    	 her "Mrs. Griffin" -- and the latter was probably her actual
    	 working name. Hyatt's propensity for calling root worker women 
    	 "Madam" is demonstrated elsewhere: he called Mrs. Myrtle Collins 
    	 "Madam Collins" even though she specifically told him she was 
    	 "not a madam" and her business card read "Myrtle Collins." 
    	 (Numbers Book 422-621; Cylinders 533:2 - 536:5.  
         Interview Volume Two, pages 1309-14.)

Charleston, SC

  June 25, 1937

    #495 - Mrs. [-] Clayborne, Carter's landlady in Charleston. 
    #??? - Carrie Clark [mentioned in introduction]
         (entry 944)
    #497 - [-] throw salt behind and curse to keep folks away
         (entry 9447, cylinder 539:4)
    #503 - "Toby" Cason, a root doctor who made tobies.
    #504 - #508 
    #509 - "Doctor" Washington 
         says goofer dust is powdered insects 
         (entry 673, cylinder 570:3)
         fairly lengthy interview on treasure hunting
         can be found in Volume 1, pages 132 - 135 
         (entry 428, cylinder 570:5)
    #510 - #512
    #513 - Marcus Brown / William Brown / Peter Brown 
         This profession root doctor's several names were 
         explained by Hyatt as follows:
        "[Many an athlete has worn No. 13 to defy superstition, 
        but what person except our informant has ever
        named himself after a graveyard - after Marcus
        Brown, the Negro cemetery in Charleston!  But this
        could have been a temporary act of daring -
        induced by the spirits within - because I later
        learned he was known to others as William or
        Peter. Besides, I am almost certain it was he who
        had the fight with Doctor Washington in the court
        of the house where I was interviewing:  "I must
        add - to emphasize the danger - that Washington
        had come to me in a treasure-seeking mood, having
        taken a few drinks of moonshine whiskey from his
        screw-top jar.  After he left me, he and a doctor
        waiting for me got into the altercation described
        elsewhere" (quotation from p.134, line 35f.) 
        quite a story. At a later date, after another
        fight between two doctors, I refer to the
        Charleston fight (p.337, lines 5-17). [...]
        The material of informant 513 was difficult,
        badly recorded, and not completely transcribed;
        these selections coming from cylinders 744-751.]"
        New Moon bottle spell to get laid-off employee re-hired;
        acpture spirit of boss in bottle with Devil's Shoe String
        root, Horehound root, Dogwood Root, and liquid germicide;
        pay graveyard spirits while working with it in a cemetary
        for eleven hours, then use it to control the boss; when client 
        is re-hired, bury the bottle under client's front door steps;
        this is good for 12 months and must be renewed on the New Moon.
        (Vol. 2, p.1291, cylinders 744-751)
    #514 - #517
    #518 - Doctor [-] Nelson whom Hyatt called "important." He 
        began his professional career in Florence, South Carolina, 
        on April 3, 1909, when he officially became the student 
        of "a white man named Doctor Harris" to whom he paid 
        the fee of $60.00 for lessons. He then trained others 
        in turn, sending them as far away as Chicago and Kentucky, 
        while he himself had travelled and worked as far North 
        as New York. These men probably sold root tonics in 
        medicine shows as well as casting hoodoo spells for 
        clients while on the road. Dr. Nelson's age was not given,
        but if he started at age 22 in 1909, he would have 
        been around the age of 50 in 1937, and he may have been
        as old as 60 when he was interviewed. Hyatt asked Dr. 
        Nelson the perplexing question he asked many profesionals: 
        whether there is any such thing as an "initiation" in 
        hoodoo (as fancifully described by Zora Neale Hurston, 
        whose information Hyatt apparently distrusted as fictional). 
        Dr. Nelson said no, that he had received his understanding 
        of the work "from de Spirit. God give it to me, you
        know." Thus, with the instructions he received from the 
        white Dr. Harris of Florence, SC, and his own guidance 
        from God and Spirit, Dr. Nelson had launched a rootwork 
        career that had spanned almost 30 years. Dr. Nelson 
        described how to go into the woods to dig "Indian 
        Potato" and make a decoction to rid clients of "live 
        things." Hyatt speculated that this plant was Jerusalem 
        Artichoke, but it could as well have been Jalap, from
        the description Dr. Nelson gave, and its use as a laxative.
        Dr. Nelson's office was at "No. 10 Antler Street" in 
        Charleston. Antler Drive still exists in North Charleston, 
        but the once wooded area has been renumbered. Among other 
        things, Dr. Nelson also noted that the original Doctor 
        Buzzard had been dead for "about ten years" (since 1927) 
        and that other practitioners were now using that name.
        (Vol. 2, p.1599, cylinders 610:2-612:8)
    #519 - Doctor [-] Maguin ("he pronounced it Mongain (?)") gave a 
         wash-water cure for a captured foot track 
         (entry 1221, cylinder 613.1
    #520 - [-] 
         graveyard dirt tied "crosstownways" and penny throwed
         "overboard" for protection
         (entry 1315, cylinder 620:2)
    #521 - #522
    #523 - [-] 
         dirt from mother's grave sprinkled at door stops her
         spirit from haunting her children
         (entry 1306, cylinder 624:5)
    #524 - #534
    #??? - [-] devil's shoe string, salt, copper wire around waist
         for protection
         (entry 1832, cylinder 640:2)
  June 28, 1937
    #??? - [-], cylinder [646:5]
    #535 - William Scott 
         Tale of a root doctor named Dr. Williams who told fortunes in coffee.
         (entry 555, cylinder 649:1)

Beaufort, SC

  [July], 1937
    "Doctor Buzzard entry" (not numbered in Hyatt's introduction -- # to
	be inserted here when I find it XXXXX).
    #536 - 538 here or in Savannah GA

Savannah, GA

  Interviews held at the house of Mrs. [-] Louis, where Carter the contact 
  man stayed.

  [July], 1937

    #539 - [-] 
           Sew up person's foot track dirt and throw it into 
           ebbing tide and they will go away and never return. 
           (entry 5783, cylinder 659:2)
    #540 - #554 unaccounted for; Sannah GA, or Jacksonville FL

Jacksonville, FL

  Interviews held in a black-owned hotel "under noisy hotel
  conditions and during intense July heat"

  [July], 1937

    #555 - [-] 
         an informant who discussed goofer dust. 
         (entry 660,  cylinder 691:18)
    #556 - #589
    #590 - [-] 
         Woman, "Agent for Curios". Hyatt wrote this about her: 
         "[Curios at the date of this interview was a legal term covering the 
         following articles:  Lucky Candles, Get Together Powder, Never Part Oil, 
         Black Cat Ashes, Devil's Stone, Deadman's Bones and other merchandise 
         similarly labeled. The company or companies distributing these goods 
         through mail-order house or door-to-door agent stated in a circular, 
         "We make no preternatural claims on any of these products and sell them 
         all merely for curios." Our AGENT FOR CURIOS - an intelligent woman, 
         informant 590 - first explains her work and then I read the preceding 
         circular. This interview is interesting for three reasons: first, the 
         quite obvious one; second, the agent's faith in her products; and third, 
         at the very end, the remarkable story of her customer with heart trouble 
         -- a M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) and a R.D. (Root Doctor) being involved. 
         Unfortunately, the recording is bad here and there. As I explained in the 
         INTRODUCTION, my work in Jacksonville was done under noisy hotel conditions 
         and during intense July heat. The material is on cylinders 923-928.]"
         The woman was an agent for the Keystone Company, the Lucky Heart Company, 
         and High Hat cosmetics. She was aware that these companies had recently
         split apart (there had been a falling out among the partners) and that
         her name had been given to each new company as a prospective agent.   
         (Her interview is in Vol.2, pp.1075 - 1076, cylinders 923-928)
    #591 - #596
    #597 - [-] 
         A man who said, "There nothing too low for some women to do"
         and described how women wear raw liver in their menstrual pads all
         morning and then cook the liver up with onions and feed it to their 
         men to capture them for life. 
         (entry 3880, cylinder 769:8)
    #598 - #620 unaccounted for: Jacksonville FL or Washington DC

Washington, DC

  July 29, 1937, Thursday

    #621A - Rev. A. C. Foster 
         Nine alligator beans (unknown species) broken and thrown for 
         nine days at the doorstep of someone you wish to have move. 
         (entry 2255, cylinder 797:2)
    #622 - 626 
    #627 - [-] 
    	This interviewee was born in Washington, D.C. and had lived in
    	New York for a while. He (?) worked on behalf of clients and
    	also conducted spiritual meetings in his home thrice weekly.
    	The interview was mostly on spiritual topics, including how to
    	purify the altar with Holy Oil, Holy Incense, and Holy Water,
    	then light 7 candles laid out in the form of a cross, plus some
    	smaller votive candles. He told how to recite the 23rd Psalm
    	in four parts, facing in turn the East, West, North, and
    	South, and how to say the 91st Psalm "to keep out evil." He
    	described working with the Moon phases when setting lights
    	with incense, and how then to use one's powers of
    	concentration and a Bible verse to affect a third party on
    	behalf of a client.  When asked by Hyatt about Zora Neale
    	Hurston style exotic initiations, he said that one would have
    	to be born gifted, "have to have someone to instruct you,
    	teach you," then, "after a meeting, after you accepted in a
    	class, [...] they [the teacher] will tell you, explain it to
    	you." In other words, he conducted no exotic ceremonies of
    	initation. He concluded by honestly telling Hyatt that not all
    	people who believe they have been hurt by magic have indeed
    	been cursed and that he, personally, did not believe in the
    	concept of Live Things In You.
        (entry 2743, cylinder 802:5 - 803:2)
    #639 - Dr. [-] SIms
    	A spiritual church member, formerly of New Orleans, he was 
    	agreeable when Hyatt asked if Zora Neale Hurston's accounts 
    	of exotic initiations in New Orleans were factual, but when 
    	asked to describe such an initiation, he explained that  
    	he taught his pupils to study certain portions of the Bible, 
    	"and den ah write down to de Temple an' git a diploma and 
    	give 'em, see. Den dey can use de Temple's name." In other 
    	words, they were not given a Haitian style initiation as
    	described by Hurston, but were presented with a certificate 
    	or diploma from a Spiritual Church. He named this as "St. 
    	John's Temple" and said that "They have more white [members]
    	than they do colored." He also described his pictures of 
    	saints, the use of Guinea Grains, Live Things in You, and in
    	anoher entry, how to use Holy Water to quell evil spirits.
    	(entry 2742, cylinder 827:8 - 829:9)
    	(entry 34, cylinder 828:13)
    #640 - #649 unaccounted for; Washington, DC or Mobile, AL

New York City, NY

  Hyatt returned home to New York City, NY for the autumn and winter.

Mobile, AL

  Hyatt felt that the beliefs in this area were "strongly
  influenced by New Orleans" -- that is, presumably there was
  more than the average mention of candle-spells, saints,
  altars, and other accoutrements of Catholic folk-magic. The
  contact man and driver was Edward Bufford, Jr. (whom Hyatt
  never told that he was a minister); interviews were held at
  the home of Daisy Edwards.

  February 26, 1938

    #650 - [-] 
        informant said goofer dust is mud dauber wasp nest powder. 
         (entry 679, cylinder 844:2)
    #651 - #654
    #655 - [-] 
         A former herb shop owner, called "Root Seller" by Hyatt, who
         mentioned that both black and white people believe in hoodoo. 
         This informant was once a truant Officer for a Catholic school,
         and ran a "root store" that was "in Pinship ... down dere next 
         to Davis street."
         (entry 12, cylinder 858:1)    
    #656 - [-] 
         gave a crossroads story 
         (entry 356, cylinder 937.3
    #657 - #665
    #666 - [-] said goofer dust contains graveyard dirt
         (entry 663, cylinder 876:9)
    #667 - #670
    #671 - [-] 
         to get somebody to come to you, write name 7 times, 
         fold toward you, place under blue candle at 6:00 a.m, burn 
         candle straight through, after one hour, call name, after 
         2nd hour call name, after 3rd hour call name; they will come
         (entry 2903, cylinder 885:5)
    #678 - [-]
         graveyard dirt, crawfishes, and snake dust with the 
         toenails and fingernails of victim to kill him slowly
         (entry 6454, cylinder 901:4)
    #679 - [-] [probably a woman as one spell is to rid yourself
         of a mate who is holding you back in life ("is a knock 
         to you") but by the end of the spell, it is clear that
         the one being dismissed is a husband]
         gave salt and saltpeter bath as cure for tricks
         (entry 1457, cylinder 905.2)
         gave instructions for bathing downward from forehead 
         to floor with saltpeter and mates urine to cause him
         to leave; noted that bathing upward would make him 
         come back; the used bathwater is kept sealed up for 
         nine days, then disposed of in a running stream 
         (entry 1718, cylinder 973:2) [out of sequence]
    #680 - #690
    #691 - [-] 
         bury clothes at doorstep so you can't be driven out
         and place devil's shoe string powder over mantlepiece to
         preserve sanity and keep your home
         (entry 742, cylinder 920:5)
    #692 - #713 unaccounted for; Mobile, AL or Vicksburg, MS

Vicksburg, MS

  As in Mobile, AL, the beliefs in this area were "strongly
  influenced by New Orleans." The contact man and driver was
  Edward Bufford, Jr.

  March 2, 1938
    #714 - Miss C. [-], 
         cylinder [981:1]
    #715 - #729
    #730 - [-] 
         graveyard dirt sprinkled on person causes sleep
         (entry 7168, cylinder 1000:11)
    #731 - #737
    #738 - [-] 
         said goofer dust is brick dust and charcoal  
         (entry 678, cylinder 1009:8). Note: the entry number 
         includes a typographical error; the informant is 
         listed as #538, which is impossible due to location 
         and cylinder number; i believe he or she was #738
    #739 - 751
    #752 - [-] daughter of a pastry cook who worked for The 
         "S. family" who were Jews who lived "on Cherry Street."
         another woman who worked there was "Tuley S." who 
         hoodood the informant's mother. Mother was cured by a 
         Dr. Robey, using beef gall and dried cow manure 
         (entry 1202, cylinder 1029:2) 
    #753 - #754
    #755 - [-] 
         sang root (ginseng root) kept in bottle of holy oil, 
         called "erectus root" -- used by a woman to anoint a man so
         he will be able to get an erection and follow her
         (entry 10236, cylinder 1032:11)
    #756 - [-] 
         bury toe of stocking or piece of bloomers under 
         doorstep so man can't come see your wife and she can't
         leave to go see him
         (entry 10230, cylinder 1037:1)
    #757 - #776
    #777 - George Larkin, Volume One, page 270.
    #778 - #782
 New Orleans, LA
  Edward Bufford, Jr. got Hyatt a taxi driver, Mack Berryhill,
  to act as his contact man and chauffeur in New Orleans. 

    #783 - [-] 
         St. Raymond, green candles, Wednesday, Fridays, and 
         Saturdays, say prayers nine times (novena), for money
         (entry 3042, cylinder 1086:10)
    #784 -#812
    #813? - Recordings here begin with 
         cylinder [1144:8]  
    #814 - [-] 
         fumigate self with Dragon's Blood resin, wash steps with 
         salt and own urine, for protection
         (entry 6786, cylinder 1145:10)
  Friday, March 11, 1938

    #822 - [-] 
         A man, from his talk of attracting women to himself, and 
         also a person with quite a bit of astrological knowledge. 
         Any powder is goofer dust. 
         (entry 676, cylinder 1187:7)
         Four examples of how to work with the New Moon in Air signs:
         the first uses the Moon in Libra to draw a woman's love, the
         second uses the Moon in Genmini to gain someone's friendship, 
         the third uses the Moon in Libra again, for justice or justified
         death spells, and the fourth remove unwanted conditions or
         people with river water gathered when the Moon is in Aquarius
         -- after which the informant returns to Hyatt's original
         question, how to draw a woman to you and hold her, for which he
         recommends Myrrh, Aloeswood, and Cinnamon to perfume your bed.
         (entry 12462, cylinder 1188:9)
    #823 - #824
  Saturday, March 12, 1938
  Recorded "in the Patterson Hotel, a Negro hotel, New Orleans, Louisiana"

   #825 (?) - [-] "A Consolidated-Minded Woman" 
         This is a woman with twelve toes and a "rainbow arm"
         (deformed or bent like a rainbow) who is gifted in 
         dreams. She shocked and surprised Hyatt by revealing
         to him that she had dreamed he was a priest -- something
         he kept hidden from all his informants. 
         Her interview is in Vol.2, pp.1093-1097
         The (?) beside her informant # is Hyatt's. He lists her as 
         Informant #825(?); cylinder A382:4-A388:9 = 1198-1203
         The cylinder numbers accord with the informant number;
         it is unclear why he appended the (?).         
    #826 - #827
    #828 - [-] 
         salt and black pepper cleaning 
         entry 1459, cylinder 1214:4)
         any powder is goofer dust 
         (entry 675, cylinder 1218:1)
    #829 - #833
    #834 - [-] 
         informant described rattlesnake dust mixed with 
         Moving Powder 
         (entry 667, cylinder 1130:7) (seems out of order or the
         cylinder number is a typo and should be cylinder 1230:7)
    #835 - #837
    #838 - 
         (entry 7836, cylinder 1260:10)
    #839 - 851
    #852 - Charlie Wilson, aka Alfred.
  March 16, 1938
  Recorded in the Patterson Hotel.
    #853 - [-], cylinder [1343:2]
    #853 - #854
    #855 - [-] throw that salt behind enemy and curse to keep them away
           (entry 9448, cylinder 1350:2)
    #856 - 
    #857 - [-] St. Jewel [Jule, Jude] is boss of all saints; when all 
         other saints have turned their backs on your; yellow candle
         (entry 10204, cylinder 1364:9)
    #858 - Lewis [-] Male. His mother was named Ida. He has a stepfater.
         This story takes place when "I lived with mah mothah. I lived in 
         Castel [North Carolina]." The informant liked two girls in school 
         and wished to marry one. The aunt of the other hurt him, saying that
         if he wouldn't marry Carrie (her niece), he would not marry at all. 
         She fixed his drink. He would "have spells right aroun' eight an' 
         nine o'clock at night." He would commence gittin' dizzy an' funny 
         an' sort of shakey." He went to a "country doctor," Dr. Williams,
         to no avail. Dr. Williams suggested a hospital, but along came 
         "Ole Man Stuckey - he's dead, he's a white fellah called a faith 
         doctor" and "Mr. Stuckey [told Ida] somebody have put a spell on 
         [the informant]" and "recommended ole man Frank Bethe, [of] Dunn, 
         North Carolina, which is not quite a hunderd mile from here. [...]
         He's a ole man who wears his pants backwards - de front part of his
         pants is backward. Dat's a'showing, de sign dat he's a root doctor, 
         indiff'rent [diff'rent] from anybody else. Not all of 'em will do dat."
         Five people made the trip to Dunn and Frank Bethe identified the 
         informant as the one who was "hot" (had been hurt) and also told his
         stepfather how many punctures he'd had in his tires. Frank Bethe had three
         rooms, and in the third, "he had a long bench an' a nice line of chairs 
         on the left-hand side." There were " big letters all around the wall 
         - F-R-A-N-K B-E-T-H-E, Frank Bethe." The family sat on the bench. They had 
         come at dusk, and as darkness fell, the room lit up without a lamp. Frank
         then entered and truthfully accused one of the men in the party of 
         "talking slack" about his (Frank's) daughter, which he could not have 
         heard, as they were in the car passing through the field when it 
         happened. He berated them for their lack of "respect." He then sat 
         the informant in a chair, asked him if he could read, and told that he 
         could, gave him a book to read out loud. All members of the party then 
         fell asleep. The informant was awakened while the others snored, and Frank 
         Bethe told him that "a black woman [...] put a spell on yah [...] it's two 
         girls you was goin' with, one of them's daughter [niece] an' she jes' put 
         a spell on you." Bethe said, "I'm goin' fix it for you. [...] I'll fix what 
         I'm gon'a use." As far as payment went, he told the informant, "You jis' 
         take mah money an' carry it on the back of your house [in Castel], on the 
         east end, an' put it in a piece of paper - don't bury it - a piece of 
         newspaper an' wrap it up [...and...] I'll git it." Bethe put his hand over
         (on) the informant's forehead and the light grew bright again, and he said, 
         "Well, I think ever'thing will be all right." Hyatt believed that this tale
         indicated colusion between Mr. Stuckey the white "faith doctor" of Castel, 
         NC and Frank Bethe, the black conjure doctor of Dunn, NC.  
    #859 - #862
    #863 - "The Unkus Man" so-called because he apparently tried
         to tell Hyatt about the Nkisi ("Unkus"), Congolese deities
         -- which Hyatt did not understand. (Thanks to Eoghan Craig
         Ballard for bringing this to my attention!) He also told
         Hyatt that much of his information came from books published
         by "Doctor DeLong" of Chicago -- actually L. W. DeLaurence
         of Chicago, whose most famous magical tome, "The Great Book
         of Magic and Hindu Spirit Art" was cited by The Unkus Man as
         "The Great Book of Magic -- Hindu Studies." The Unkus Man
         apparently owned an early edition (pre-WW I) of DeLaurence's  
         book because he described its leather talisman case and parchment 
         talismans, which were not included in later editions. His
         Interview is in Volume Two, pages 1296 - 1309. 
         (cylinders A568 - A574 = 1379 - 1385) 
         The Unkus Man mentioned a fellow root worker then in New Orleans,
         "Jughead" Johnson, but Hyatt was unable to locate him. 
         The informant may be Jamaican.  He references "The English
         colony" and Jamaica was an English colony. He references
         Logwood and Logwood grows in Jamaica. He references
         Dibby-Dibby and Dibby-dibby is a Jamaican slang term that
         has many meanings, one of which is "of no account or
         worthless." Also, this is the man who bought books on
         occultism and a scrying mirror from L. W.  deLaurence in
         Chicago -- and de Laurence sold extensively in Jamaica.
         Plus, the man seems to worry about the legality of owning
         books by de Laurence or working with Moses -- and it so
         happens that the old grimoire called "The 6th and 7th Books
         of Moses" -- which de Laurence sold -- was at one time
         outlawed in Jamaica and was illegal to possess. To this day
         i get phone calls from folks in Jamaica wanting me to ship
         the book to their friends in the US who will hand-carry it
         into Jamaica for them.
    #864 - [-] "The Boy-Girl".  It is unknown whether this
         interviewee was an effeminate homosexual or an anatomical
         intersexual, but Hyatt believed the latter. In social terms,
         the "Boy-Girl" readily explained that he-she was a "freak"
         as a result of his-her mother having been "fixed" (hoodood)
         during pregnancy. He-she was 25 years old at the time of the
         interview, lived with a "dago" (Italian) man, and was
         unusually articulate about sexuality, inter-racial relations
         in NOLA, and details of the "hustling" life. He-she was also
         an excellent rootworker, having learned many tricks from a
         grandmother, Henrietta Joseph, who practiced in the Girard
         Park Drive area of New Orleans under the professional name
         Madame Joseph. Unlike some of Hyatt's other informants, the
         "Boy-Girl" was aware both of the sociological importance of
         the interview and Hyatt's status as an outsider, and strove
         to give explicated and enhanced replies to simple questions
         so that Hyatt could understand. In addition to relating many 
         conjure tricks, the "Boy-Girl" spoke about the lives of 
         gay, lesbian, transsexual, and intersexed African-Americans 
         in the context of the times and provided a cross-cultural
         linguistic exegesis on the terms "hustling," "sporting,"
         "jazzing" and "throwing down white men." The latter, for
         those whose curiosity is piqued, was a local term for a
         criminal rootwork practice engaged in by teamed pairs of
         African American prostitutes: one of them would jazz the
         trick, while the other robbed his pockets and then ensured a
         magically safe getaway for the pair by throwing holy water
         stolen from a Catholic church on the victim so that he would
         not be able to report them to the police. ("Holy water keeps
         the law away. No man in high positions today can come where
         holy water is and do evil.") The interview is in Volume Two,
         pages 1675 - 1689. (cylinders A5574 - A5580:5 = 1390 - 1396) 
    #865 - #876
    #877 - [-] 
         mix dirt from a sinner's grave with vinegar and water to 
         make mud, then dry it hard and cut into 4 small bricks; place  
         at front and back doors and both sides of the house for 
         (entry 1311, cylinder 1438:3)
    #878 - #895?

Little Rock, AR

  April or May, 1938
  Hyatt mentions Albert Pike in introduction, Volume One, page
    #883 - [-] 
         St. Joseph, St. Peter, St. Theresa
         (entry 10205, cylinder 456:3)
    #??? - [-] 
         informant tells how Aunt Caroline Dye cured her "crazy"
         female cousin from Oil Trough, Arkansas at Newport, Arkansas,
         in 1929 using Adam-and-Eve root and rattlesnake dust, plus
         a turpentine face wash. Informant's number was lost by Hyatt. 
         (entry 1092, cylinder 1460:13)
    #891 - #896
    #897 - [-] 
         informant gives recipe for goofer dust 
         (entry 665, cylinder 1468:12) 
    #898 - [-] An old man who had "been in the witchcraft business for 60 years;" 
         "Born in Louisiana -- raised in St. Louis, Missouri." Hyatt called him 
         "Divine Healer." He offered to do a trance reading for Hyatt, but Hyatt
         refused (!), saying, "[This elderly man, informant 898, accepts hoodooism 
         because he says the Bible proves the existence of witchcraft. Some of 
         his experiences with the evil are described. I had had doctors tell me 
         about my business, but this old fellah's "meditation" -- I didn't want 
         him passing out in my presence. His estimation of the number of white 
         and colored believers in this mess, I discuss at the proper place in the 
         text. The two cylinders used are important beyond their number --
         B12:6 - B13:5 = 1470 - 1471.]" Among others, this man said that he had
         healed "Miss Alice W., in Prescott, Arkansas," and the wife of "David M.,"
         for which "White folks given me a write-up" (newspaper article?). He also
         cured an unnamed married woman in Warren, Arkansas. He did no bad work,
         only spiritual work, for both "white and colored." He described how to 
         produce live things with snake blood in whiskey, and how to take them off 
         with an emetic root tea which would cause the victim to vomit them up.  
         (Vol. 2, pp. p.1057 - 1058 etc. cylinders B12:6-B13:5 = 1470 - 1471) 
    #899 - #902
    #903 - [-] 
         graveyard dirt with saltpeter for protection of house
         (entry 1319, cylinder 1475:4)
    #904 - #913
  May 18, 1938
    #914 - Doctor [-] Cunningham. 
         "[Doctor Cunningham, Informant 914, had refused to
         visit me, therefore I went to him at his request. He
         is the only doctor I personally ever called on,
         except for those few out in country districts like
         Madam Griffin and Frank Harris - see INTRODUCTION. 
         My contact man Edward, our local automobile man and
         I arrived with the equipment. A woman who opened
         the door said the patient then with the doctor would
         soon leave. I had expected a line of patients and a
         long wait, but the doctor had a better trick waiting
         for me. I do not remember the interview except for
         three indications in the text: the departure of the
         patient, the brief and truthful note the spirit
         wrote to me before my very eyes, and the woman
         calling out to the doctor during interview - this
         latter a prearranged signal meaning; hers 'Is
         everything all right,' and his 'Everything is O.K.' 
         Though the spirit-note you will read is true, the
         spirit writer rather downgrades my intelligence and
         experience." Little Rock, Ark., May 18, 1938 - 914
         - Cunningham - doctor."  Numbers Book 885-977.  This
         material is on cylinders B13:1-B22:5 = 1476-1480.]

Memphis, TN

  May 24 or May 25, 1938 (Tuesday?)

    #915 - [-] 
         says goofer dust comes from an "order house" 
         and is placed "in the mattress" 
         (entry 680, cylinder 1482:8) 
         (but in the introduction this informant number is assigned 
         to cylinder 1418:1; the numbers are not reconcilable 
         and one of them, probably 1418, must be a typographical error).
    #916 - #919
    #920 - [-], "The landlady at the Eureka Hotel."
    #921 - #924
    #925 - [-], 
         (entry 2281, cylinder 1502:1) [Is this the Jack-Ball man mis-noted as #825?]
    #926 -  Mrs. Myrtle Collins / Madam Collins of 651 Stephens St. (now 
         Stephens Pl.), a professional root worker, was interviewed here 
         for the first time, cylinders [B45:19 - B51:1 = 1503 - 1509];  
         she was the only person interviewed twice. Her later interview  
         was as informant #1538 on cylinders [D96:1 - D110-2 = 2779 - 2793]. 
         See Volume Two, pages 992-1024. Her business card appears in the
         unnumbered pages at the end of Volume Two. 
         Myrtle Collins told Hyatt that she had studied spiritual work by 
         mail order and had received a diploma from the Rociscrucians
         (AMORC) in San Jose, California ("de White Brothers"). She had 
         travelled to San Jose, and she bought herbs and other spiritual 
         supplies from the Rosicrucians, both in person and by mail. She 
         offered to teach rootwork for a fee and she described paying for
         teachings and buying formulas from other root doctors (including 
         Doctor Cicero Reed, a white doctor of San Jose, California 
         (deceased by 1938), to whom she had paid $25.00 for the recipe for 
         a three-ingredient bath to restore men's lost nature.) 
         See "Notes on the Memphis hoodoo root worker Madam Myrtle Collins" 
         for further details and maps of her neighborhood.
    #927 - #931
  May 26, 1938 (Tuesday?)

    #932 - [-], cylinder [1512:15]
    #933 - #937
    #938 - [-] 
         Graveyard dirt, sugar, and red pepper for protection
         (entry 1314, cylinder 1517:13)
         Working with the zodiacal signs and with the waxing and waning moon.
         (entry 942. Vol. I, pg. 357, (cylinder #1518:8)
    #939 - #951
    #952 - [-]
         cylinder [1538:10]
    #953 - #958
    #959 - [-] 
         A bath before gambling: bluestone, saltpeter, sugar, and your own urine; 
         bathe downward and say the Lord's Prayer three times [to cleanse], then
         dress your playing cards with "any kind of oil that you believe in" [to
         draw luck]; asked which oil, informant said Rose Oil from the drugstore. 
         (entry 1719 cylinder 1542:12)
    #960 - [-] 
         "If they're burning a candle on you, you burn - now this is the
         same thing you kin do. You kin burn this same red candle. You burn this
         red candle, you stick it in 3 pins. See, you fightin' against them. You
         says, "I wish my enemy would leave me alone." An' then you go an' throw
         you a handful of salt in the fire an' you says, "I wish my enemies quit
         working after me an' leave me alone In the Name of the Lord." An' take
         you a bath in some saltpeter, bluestone an' sugar, an' repeat the Lord's
         prayer 3 times, see. You see, you burn this candle, that would set them
         down. Or else, you kin put 'em down sick. You kin git a purple candle
         an' you light it an' you make your wish an' put some salt in there an'
         spit in it, see. An' you burn it on 'em again an' you says, I wish
         whosomever this is that's workin' after me will leave me alone," an'
         spit in it. You see, that'll drop 'em. That'll drop 'em. That'll put 'em
         down sick. That'll make 'em drop. An' continue to burn brimstone [not
         mentioned previously in this rite but surely in some previous part of
         the interview]. See, that brimstone is the best thing in the world, that
         brimstone. An' sugar. Continue with that sugar in the fire, see; Monday,
         Wednesday and Friday.
         "excellent hoodoo woman, my rapid hand transcription 
         of cylinder missed by my trasnscriber."
         (entry 10183, 1544:9.)
         Write names of 12 Apostles, pin them on you, and also write Psalm
         70. Write them every time the moon changes. Take off the old one and put
         on the new ones for protection.
         (entry 10663, cylinder 1546:10)
    #961 - #962
    #963 - [-] 
         "Long rite missed by transcriber": woman wipes man with
         new handkerchief, rolls it into a tube (phallus) ties a hard knot 
         in it, then unrolls and spreads under bed tick, kills his nature
         (entry 10240, cylinder 1556:1)
    #965 - [-] 
         Graveyard dirt at-four-corners of house to move people out
         (entry 7638, cylinder 1557:1)
    #966 - 
    #967 - [-] woman, 55-60 years old, born in Saltsville, NC, who says of herself:
         "Now, ah'll tell yuh tuh show yuh dat ah kin know somepin. Ah were born in
         dis world feet foremost. Ah wuz wrapped in a veil three times. [This means] yuh
         talk tuh anyone in three tongues an' yuh kin sing ole-time songs, mah mothah said.
         Mah parents an' both mah gran'parents said ah had plenty hair on me befo' dey had
         dern [theirs]. Well, ah wuz born between de legs [of my mother] as a woman. Yes
         sir, ah wuz born wit mah teeth. Ah'd [I had] it [them] pulled an' nevah shed a tooth
         in mah life. Ah wuz de seventh chile outa seven daughtahs, born on de third day of
         de new moon. An' yuh know, mahself as a virgin should be wise [a woman of
         55-60 years old]. Ah kin rub [you] if anybody did anythin' tuh yuh an' it'll all go
         away. Ah know ah wuz born tuh work [hoodoo]. No one taught me. Ah wuz born
         in North Carolina, in Saltsville [lake?] where's dere nuthin but Geechees [ge'che,
         singular]. Mah fathah wuz a full-blooded Geechee, mah mothah wuz a Amasha
         woman, black Creek Indian, etc., etc." Hyatt added, "[This woman, quite eccentric, was a
         professional worker and excellent. Unfortunately, except for the preceding account
         and No.2328, p.652, I lost all of her material. She claimed to be a Geechee (gi'che,
         word from Ogeechee, a dialect originally of Negro slaves on the Ogeechee River,
         Georgia, formed of English and native African words. I found it difficult to
         understand either the Geechee or the Gullah, the latter along the lowlands and
         off-shore islands of South Carolina, Georgia and the northern coastal tip of
         Florida. A black man I interviewed at Ocean City, Md., in 1926, he working for his
         M.A. at Howard University, had spent several weeks in Charleston, S. Car. His
         opinion to me was: Those people down there are not Americans, they are Africans.
         I could scarcely understand a word they said.]"
         (entry 7190, cylinder 1564:5)
    #968 - #974
    #975 - [-] 
         graveyard dirt and sulphur buried at crossroads in 
         cross form for protection
         (entry 1317, cylinder 1578:11)
    #976 - [-]
         told a love spell; your own hair in printed newspaper
         in your shoes. 
         (entry 6119, cylinder 1579:11)
    #977 - [-]
         while this man was being interviewed, the police
         came in to throw Hyatt out. This almost brought the work to
         a halt. See Volume One, page XXXIV. Hyatt was so shaken by
         this experience that there were 539 informants before he
         returned to Memphis with informant #1516. See Volume Two,
         pages 1556-67 (Madam Wiley).

Hyatt took a trip to Canada. 

New York City, NY

  January 23, 1939
    Hyatt sent a letter to Edward Bufford, Jr., contact man from
    Mobile, AL. Bufford agreed to be his driver in FL.

    "Numbers Book #11," containing the records about informants
    #977-#1290 was later lost by Hyatt. Therefore information
    about the period from February 10 through April 1, 1939 is
    uncharacteristicly vague and sketchy.

St. Petersburg, FL

  Hyatt stayed at the white-owned Vinoy Park Hotel and
  conducted interviews at the black-owned Clark Hotel.

  February 10, 1939 
    Hyatt began work but without good results 

  February 13, 1939 
    In testing the recording stylus, Hyatt commented 
    that the past few days had not gone well because 
    "the people here don't seem to know as much [about 
    hoodoo] as [in] some of the other places." 
    (cylinder 1677:9)
    #978 - #1003
    #1004 - [-] a rising tide trick: throw left foot print dirt
          into ocean as tide is rising to draw them back, "when 
          the tide is going up." 
          (Entry 5782, cylinder 1620:3)
    #1005 - [-] to become a witch, sell youself to the devil at the
          crossroads at midnight on a young (newly waxing) Moon.
          (entry 10496, cylinder 1621:2)
    #1006 - Janey May [-] Surname unknown
    #1007 - [-] 
          raw egg stirred into ginger ale, taken 3 times a 
          day to restore sexual potency
          (entry 10234, cylinder 1628:11)
    #1008 - John Bidgood
    	  entry 849
    #1009 - #1041
    #1042 - [-] 
          don't play the numbers on the New Moon; you'll get only
          unanticipated and low numbers; play on the Full Moon for
          high number winnings. 
          (entry 958, Vol. 1, pg. 359, cylinder 1627:6) 
          get away spell: throw foot track in water
          (entry 5778, cylinder 1687:2)
    #1043 - 1045
    #1046 - [-] 
          let the north wind blow graveyard dirt to
          carry your troubles away
          (entry 1323, cylinder 1701:6)

Palm Beach, FL

  February 23, 1939

    #1047 - #1052 (my approximation)
    #???? - [-], 
          cylinder [1717:1]
St. Petersburg, FL

  Februar 24, 1939 (my approximation)

    #1053 [-]
          Hyatt called this male professional root doctor "Publicity and
          Healing" because "informant does say the lack of publicity for his
          fellow workers causes suffering among persons who have been
          hoodooed -- these latter not knowing where to find someone like
          himself, qualified to remove spells."
          described methods of working with the Moon, Mars, Jupiter,
          eclipses, and the Zodiacal signs
          (Vol. 2, p. 1243, cylinders C126:10-C134:6 = 1707:10-1714:6)
    #1054 - #1057 (my approximation)
New York City, NY

  Hyatt briefly returned home, then sent Edward Bufford, Jr.
  ahead to Waycross, GA, where Bufford found two contact men
  whose names and numbers were lost with "Numbers Book #11"

Waycross, GA
  The Waycross collection began approximately March 2, 1939
  and ran until around March 9 or 10 (about one week),
  during which time approximately 100 root workers were
  interviewed (about 12 - 15 per day).

  At least some interviews conducted at the Cooper Hotel
  (see note to cylinder 1855:1)
  March 5, 1939 ("The date of this interview is March 5, 1939.")
          PRofessional root doctor, Vol. 2, pp.1210-14
          if a woman gets live things in her, she can menstruate
          to death, whereas a man will defecate to death. Use of 
          Solomonic seals and astrological information for timing
          with lunar Zodiac, from almanac, and from tides at river's 
          mouth. Spirits of L. L. Young and O. L. Young. 
    	  [Waycross, GA; Informant #1158; C320:3-C346:1 = 1091-1927]
    #1061 - [-] 
          throw salt after person suspected of witchcraft
          as they leave your house and if they are a witch, they 
          won't return
          (entry 9446, cylinder 1720:5)
    #1065 - [-] 
          if a witch is coming to you by night, put a handful 
          of sand by the bed and he will have to count every grain
          and can't mess with you
          (entry 10464, cylinder 1723:17)
    #1066 - [-] 
          burn brimstone (sulphur), fat-lighter pine splinters,
          buzzard feathers, and tar around your place to kill all poison
          (entry 1152, cylinder 1724:7)
    #1067 - [-] 
          to take off witchcraft, steal an Irish potato and carry it in
          your pocket until it gets hard like a brick, then eat it
          (entry 1424, cylinder 1728:7)
    #1068 - [-]
          after intercourse if a woman wipes herself (and/or the 
          man? -- unclear) with her soiled monthly period rag, 
          when he goes with another woman, "it'll fall" -- no
          (entry 3123, cylinder 1728:11)
    #1069 - 
    #1071 - [-] 
          go to crossroads at midnight with your guitar, sell  
          yourself to the devil, don't be afraid of all sorts of devils
          who will appear, and you will be able to become a musician;
          informant says that he or she has never tried it, though
          (entry 10512, cylinder 1731:5)
    #1072 - [-] a woman who used Hyatt as a stand-in for her husband 
          in describing a trick ("just like you and I, your wife...")
          wife's urine in bread for 9 mornings makes husband stay home
          (entry 4120, cylinder 1733:5) 
          nail horseshoes over front and back doors and never be troubled 
          with witchcraft or evil spirits
          (entry 1344, cylinder 1733:6)
    #1073 - [-] probably a woman; refers to practitioner as "she"
          gave her [?] mother's spell to carry foot track
          of unwanted person to crossroad and throw it in
          (entry 5428, cylinder 1733:11)
          to cure asthma, catch a frog, hold his mouth open and breathe
          into it three times; this transfers the asthma to the frog;
          similar to asthma cure by informant 1166, also of Waycross
          (entry 1282, cylinder 1735:7)
    #1074 - [-] 
          to make someone stay in a house, get some of their clothes 
          and dust from around the house, bottle both together and 
          fasten the bottle (hidden) to the house; they won't leave;
          this can be used to fix or dress a house to retain renters
          (entry 4760, cylinder 1736:6)
          powdered rattlesnake head as goofer dust 
          (entry 669, cylinder 1737:9)
          fix a mockingbird egg and feed it to a pregnant woman in tea and
          her child will be a tattletale; see #1149, also from Waycross
          (entry 1391, cylinder 1740:1)
          split a frog open and tie it on a person to stop spasms and fits
          (entry 1265, cylinder 1740:5)
    #1075 - 
    #1076 - [-] probably a man, due to type of spell.
          take a live snail and kill it in alcohol to dry it 
          up, put this on hand, wipe woman's leg and she can't 
          have intercourse with another man
          (entry 3638, cylinder 1742:11)
          take a live frog and kill it in alcohol until it is 
          petrified and carry it in your pocket for good luck
          socializing or getting and keeping a job
          (entry 9970, cylinder 1743:5)
    #1077 - [-] probably a woman, due to the nature of the trick.
          if a woman's partner is running around and she wants to 
          break it up, she can steal the woman's dishrag and let a 
          live snail crawl on it, then let the man wipe himself with 
          that dishrag after sex with her and he can't have 
          connection with the other woman
          (entry 3362, cylinder 1743:6)   
    #1078 - #1079
    #1080 - [-]
          put salt on a man to cut off his gambling luck
          (entry 9498, cylinder 1749.) (1749. is correct, no other #)
    #1081 - #1083
    #1084 - [-] 
          mix cat hair and enemy hair in a bottle of vinegar, 
          shaken, placed under enemy's doorstep, enemy goes crazy     
          (entry 5836, cylinder 1752:11)
          to cure impotence bathe downward with milk 9 mornings and 
          each day throw the used milk toward the rising sun
          (entry 10261, cylinder 1753:5)
    #1085 -
    #1086 - [-] speech sounds like a woman; every spell begins with the
          phrase "here's another one" and she [?] carefully restates some 
          dialect terms in mainstream English for Hyatt's sake (e.g. "a 
          small hoecake of bread which we say"); she only uses the word
          "witchcraft," never "hoodoo" and she refers to an older root
          doctor as an a "master craftman" in echo of Freemasonic 
          to take off witchcraft, get a gourd and grind it up, then heat
          in water with saltpeter, sulphur, and salt; bathe downward in 
          this and carry the used bath water to a river and throw it in
          (entry 1303, cylinder 1754:2)  
          to turn back witchcraft, make a hoecake (bread) with 2 cups of 
          meal, a cup of salt, and your own chamber lye (urine); clear
          a space on the hearth ashes, lay down a piece of homespun cloth, 
          pat out the hoecake, and let it dry, then turn it toward the fire
          by lifting the edge of the cloth and flipping it, and when it burns 
          up, that turns the spell back on the person who sent it; this spell
          was learned "from a ole master craftman"
          (entry 1330, cylinder 1754:4) 
          to bring luck, protect from being witchcrafted, and also keep 
          away evil spirits, grind dirt dauber nest dirt with "sweet spices" 
          [kitchen spices] and sprinkle or throw the powder up into the air
          (entry 1219, cylinder 1754:5)         
    #???? - [-], 
          (cylinder 1757:5)          
    #1089 - [-] 
          person says he or she has been lucky in cards after
          peeing on own hands
          (entry 3995, cylinder 1757:7)
    #1093 - [-] 
          woman puts a man's hat bow in her own chamber-lye urine
          and he goes crazy for her and can't quit her
          (entry 4686, cylinder 1760:12)
          kill and cook a bullbat (whippoorwill or nighthawk bird) and 
          feed to someone; they will die if not magically cured
          (entry 10599, cylinder 1762:9)
          kill snake, scorpion or spider and name for enemy, 
          turn dead animal over daily for 9 days calling enemy's 
          name, then parch animal dry, powder it, put the powder 
          in whiskey or tea and feed to enemy; nine days later they 
          get live things in them
          (entry 6606, cylinder 1762:10)
    #1094 -
    #1095 - [-] 
          "[Go] to de fo'ks of de road 'bout twelve or one
          a'clock in de night an' git some sand ... an' put it in a
          bag ... an' put it ovah yore mantlepiece. Go tuh de
          graveyard . ]... an' git some dirt an' sew it up wit dat. An'
          dat'ud make yo' lucky -- good a jomo as yo' want."
          (entry 2039, cylinder 1764:6)
          9 drops of toad frog blood in a half pint of whiskey 
          will cure a drunkard
          (entry 9922, cylinder 1765:15)
          to make a fellow unlucky, stick a needle in his 
          coattail, point down
          (entry 9779, cylinder 1765:16)
    #1096 - 
    #1097 - [-] 
          recipe for goofer dust with snake shed
          (cylinder 1769:1)
          buzzard grease rubbed on to cure rheumatism, also 
          allows witches to slip through a keyhole
          (entry 1150, cylinder 1773:2)
    #1098 - #1101
    #1102 - 
          split open a live frog as a poultice for poison
          (entry 9926, cylinder 1776:17)
    #1102 - 
    #1103 -
    #1104 - [-] 
          tie Adam and Eve Root, Queen Elizabeth Root, and 
          Five Finger Grass together and soak in whiskey seven days, 
          bathe or anoint yourself with this to reunite with lover
          (entry 10629, cylinder 1778:1)  
          wash bald head with dog's milk to restore hair growth
          (entry 1232, cylinder 1778:14)        
    #1105 - #1109
    #1110 - [-] (apparently a man engaged in "runnin' a bad house" or
          other illegal activities, as per the spells he gave)
          sell yourself to the devil at the crossroads at midnight to 
          learn to pick guitar
          (entry 10506, cylinder 1783:6)
          to protect illegal ventures, get a new pincushion and 2 packs
          of needles and stick the needles in everywhere, hang it over
          the door; you won't get pulled (in); it you are, you'll get clear
          (entry 9853 (1783:11)        
          throw the bloodhounds off your scent with graveyard dirt
          (entry 7319, cylinder 1784:5)
    #1111 - #1115 (my approximation) 

  March 3, 1939 (Friday)

    #1116 - [-] Hyatt called her a "root doctor and woman, good")
          unknown data at (cylinder 1787:3)
          kill a bat, cut the heart out, sew it into a red silk 
          bag, and tie it to your left arm for gambling 
          luck; this is a variant of a German folk-magic spell            
          printed in "Pow-Wows or the Long Lost Friend" by John George Hohman; 
          see also informant #1134
          (entry 10587, cylinder 1793:1)
          sprinkle salt on a frog's head, shut him in a can, place 
          under a gambler's chair to make him or her lose (unusual
          reversal of the general frog-torture for gambling luck)
          (entry 9960, cylinder 1793:2)         
    #1117 -
    #1118 - [-] Hyatt called her a "small-time root woman" 
          salt and saltpeter bath as cure for tricks 
          (entry 1458, cylinder 1796:1)
    #1119 - #1120
    #1121 - [-] may be a woman due to nature of spells and speech
          tie a fresh chicken egg and hang over the door so child
          will cut teeth without pain
          (entry 1167, cylinder 1803:3)
          to cure yellow jaundice, cook and eat an entire chicken
          (entry 1159, cylinder 1803:5)
          get 9 goldhead (goldeye) needles and stick them 
          in the ground at the front gate, five heads (eyes) up 
          and four down, and nothing in the world can harm you
          (entry 9836, cylinder 1803:8)
    #1122 - [-] probably a man as he describes the tricker as a man ("he")
          to poison or hurt through the feet with rheumatism or dropsy, 
          get the enemy's shoes and fix them with his own excrement, 
          plus salt and red pepper
          (entry 4401, cylinder 1803:1)
          to run a "good business" in your home and attract customers, 
          get two horseshoes and buy new red cloth, new Red Devil lye, and 
          new salt at the store; cut the cloth in long strips and wrap the 
          horseshoes with it; put one horseshoe over the front door and one 
          over the back door; bury the Red Devil lye and salt at the doorsteps 
          (informant does not state, but usually these would be buried in their 
          store boxes); then circle the house just before dawn, sprinkling a 
          mixture of your own chamber lye (urine) in which is dissolved a handful 
          each of sugar and salt; (Hyatt calls this "perhaps the largest hand ever 
          wrapped in red" and was apparently unaware that this form of winding red 
          cloth, ribbon, or thread around a horseshoe is exactly the same as a Mexican 
          and Guatemalan package amulet hung on the wall for good luck and called 
          El Secreto de la Virtuousa Herradura (Secret of the Virtuous Horseshoe)
          (entry 22518, cylinder 1804:11)
    #1123 - #1124 
    #1125 - "The Laughing Doctor," "a woman of large size" who
          was the landlady of the contact man Edward Bufford, Jr. 
          in Waycross. Hyatt described her as "an able person" much
          given to laughter, hence the nickname he gave her. Her
          lengthy interview was conducted on two separate days 
          and took a total of 24 cylinders to record; cylinders 
          C235:4 - C250:1 = 1816 - 1831 (part one) and  
          C384:1 - C392:5 = 1965 - 1973 (part two). The complete 
          interview  Volume Two, on pages 1470 - 1500. 

  March 6, 1939 (Monday, informant # is my approximation)
    #1126 - [-] 
          woman prepares a bath for man and swirls a snail around in it;
          when he washes with the snail water he is fixed and can't go
          with another woman outside her because "he will fall" 
          (entry 3692, cylinder 1832:9)
          throw down salt and sweep out after unwanted person
          (entry 9457, cylinder 1832:12)
    #1127 - [-] Informant is a married woman, mentions "my husband"
          and tells funny story of ex-friend who wanted her husband, 
          tried to take her foot track but got her own track by mistake, 
          threw it into running water, and 3 days later tried to drown 
          (entry 5781, cylinder 1833:4)
    #1128 - [-] probably a man due to the nature of the trick
          get 3 hairs of a woman and 3 Camel brand cigarettes; thread 
          each hair into one of the cigarettes; smoke them on three 
          successive days; the woman will be "took in" (tricked for love)
          (entry 6169, cylinder 1833:6)
    #1129 - [-] 
          to move a family, find a big red ants' bed near their house, then 
          get crumbs from their cooking and carry them to the ants' bed
          (entry 10650, cylinder 1835:3)
          snail and earthworm "wax" (mucus) mixed and rubbed on woman causes 
          penis captivus if she has sex with another man; you'll catch him
          (entry 10267, cylinder 1836:1)
    #1130 - #1132
    #1133 - [-] 3 to 6 brand new pins or needles fixed in bed to keep you 
          from resting or sleeping
          (entry 9795, cylinder 1939:7)
    #1134 - [-] probably a woman due to nature of tricks and wording used
          cut the heart from a living bat, wrap it in red flannel, and tie it 
          under your right arm for luck; except for the substitution of red 
          flannel for red silk, this is a direct copy of a German folk-magic spell            
          printed in "Pow-Wows or the Long Lost Friend" by John George Hohman, 
          first published in German in Pennsylvania in 1820 and translated into English 
          in 1848; by the early 20th century this book was widely available in the 
          African-American community both in the South and the North through weekly ads 
          in the nationally-distributed black-owned Chicago Defender newspaper; note also 
          that although many informants in Waycross Georgia gave variants of this spell, 
          informant 1134 is the only one who gives it virtually "by the book;" others tie 
          the charm to the left arm or left wrist, carry it in the pocket, etc. See
          informants #1116, #1136, #1159, #1166, #1167          
          (entry 10551, cylinder 1841:3)
          to rule or command someone or drive them away, put Devil's Shoe String
          and Adam and Eve Root over your door and let them walk under, then
          tell (or think) what you want them to do
          (entry 10616, cylinder 1842:1)
          gambling mojo: bluestone, silver dime, alum
          (entry 13000, cylinder 1842:9)
          Devil's Shoe Strings around legs for breaking a trick;
          informant's friend, a woman from "Fairfax [?]" cured by
          Uncle Tom Williams, a root doctor from "Sappville [?]" 
          [Hyatt was unsure, hence his "[?]" but there is a town 
          called Sappville, GA,]
          (entry 1208, cylinder 1843:1) 
          parch 9 wood lice (pill bugs, sow bugs) and rub them in the 
          seat of a man's britches and he won't mess with anyone else
          (entry 10281, cylinder 1843:6)
    #1135 - [-] 
          to keep the law away, use a tiny hammer and tack 18 straight
          pins in a line at your front door and 7 at your back door
          (entry 9852, cylinder 1844.11)
          make a person move by putting a tablespoon of salt at 
          each outside corner and each inside room corner in house
          (entry 9484, cylinder 1845:3)
          to restore falled (prolapsed) uterus, have woman get dog feces
          ("they didn't specify a black dog" says informant, who perhaps
          thought they ought to have?) and pour hot water and sit over
          [not in] it to "a-stape" (steam-steap) herself; similar to 
          informant 1166 and retained afterbirth treatment with hen feathers
          (entry 1130, cylinder 1846:2)
          to get someone back, call their name 3 times at sunrise at a big 
          red ants' nest and tell the ants that you want the person back 
          (entry 10644, cylinder 1846:5)
    #1136 - [-]
          kill a bat, cut the heart out and dry it, then sew it into a rag 
          with salt, black pepper, and bluestone; keep it in your pocket 
          for gambling luck; this is a variant of a German folk-magic spell            
          printed in "Pow-Wows or the Long Lost Friend" by John George Hohman; 
          see also informant #1134
          (entry 10595, cylinder 1850:5)
          to cure rheumatism in the leg, carry an Irish potato in your
          pocket until it shrivels to the size of a marble; as it shrinks, 
          so will your leg pain
          (entry 1422, cylinder 1850:7)
    #1137 -
    #1138 - [-], Devil's Shoe Strings around legs protects from tricks;
          tie nine knots, wear for nine days
          (entry 1208, cylinder 1852:1) 
    #???? - [-], interview at the Cooper Hotel
          (cylinder 1855:1)
    #1139 - #1140
    #1141 - [-] informant knew how to induce abortions; possibly female?          
          to learn to pick guitar or dance, go to the crossroads at midnight,
          something will appear, imitate them, and you'll "sell yourself to 
          the devil for an infidel"
          (entry 10523, cylinder 1855:09) (odd "09" there)
          run a pin through the heart of a live bat, keep it in a bottle
          of Hearts (Hoyt's) Cologne, rub hands with cologne before betting;
          specifically used when playing the Georgia skin game
          (entry 10597, cylinder 1857:3)
          to cause a woman to bleed to death (from the vagina), get her 
          period blood and stop it up in a bottle, then hide the bottle in 
          a water pump or spigot where there is a continual flow of water; n
          o medical doctor can cure her unless you empty out the bottle
          (entry 3968, cylinder 1857:10)
          ambiguous spell: cut neck of domestic animal (any species)
          and insert hair of enemy; when that heals. "they say that long as 
          they go, say you'll go" (go away, go crazy, continue to live?)
          (entry 5855, cylinder 1858:2)
          two medical herbal remedies plus a trick in one entry: to 
          "miscarry a kid" [induce abortion] take ]ingest?] calomel powder, 
          bluestone [copperas, copper sulphate], nine buckshots [gunpowder 
          from nine shotgun shells?] and  take pencil lead or your finger and 
          cause a miscarriage; to increase fertility and bring on a pregnancy,
          boil together devil's shoestring, blackroot [black master, Culver's 
          physic, Leptandra], quinsy light [?], life everlasting [cudweed], 
          lowbush myrtle, redshank [red root pigweed or red paint blood root?], 
          and dog-tongue weed [horehound? deer's tongue?] and drink a wineglassful 
          of this tea three times a day; also put dog-tongue herb in the four 
          corners of people's houses to make them argue and fight; they will
          quarrel as long as it is in the house
          (entry 1234, cylinder 1858:6)
    #1142 - [-] 
          to cure cataract or stye in eye, get nine needles in a bunch and stick
          them over the door, walk in and out under them nine times per day for 
          nine days, then throw them away and you can see again
          (entry 1400, cylinder 1860:1)
    #1143 - [-] 
          long story: four years ago (1934) in Jacksonville, Florida, 
          a girl was sick; folks thought she was witchcrafted, but she had 
          tuberculosis, like the doctor said. Her mother, Delia [-]. had
          carried her inland to a spring to be cured, to no avail. She could
          not eat any food, not even peaches, but she could eat gruel soup. 
          The informant told Delia [-] that to attempt a remedy that had been
          told by someone years before, but not yet tried by the informant: 
          draw blood from a dog (not enough to kill him) and get a hen egg; add 
          3 or 4 drops of dog blood to the egg and beat it, add 2 or 3 drops of
          kerosene and one drop of turpentine and continue beating, pour in
          half a pint of real good whiskey ("not moonshine") and give it to the 
          patient in doses (spoonsful). Outcome was not related by informant
          (entry 1223, cylinder 1866:1)
    #1144 -
    #1145 - [-] a man, due to his self-description of how he used this trick
          if you have been fixed to be impotent, urinate into a red ants' nest 
          ("Ah've lost mah nature mahself dat way an' ah've gained it back dat way")
          (entry 10271, cylinder 1869:6)
    #1148 - [-]
          to cure shingles, wash affected area with black cow's milk
          (entry 1197, cylinder 1874:2)
          to cure shingles, cut the hed off a black chicken and let it bleed on 
          the affected area; informant stated he or she had done this successfully
          (entry 1163, cylinder 1874:3)
  March 6, 1939 (my approximation) 
  cold, rainy weather, see informant #1157
    #1149 - {-} A 28 year old [presumably male] bootlegger and
            professional gambler (born c. 1911) who had been using roots
            for 18 years (since c. 1921).
          Cook a mockingbird egg and feed it to a man and he will  
          always tell lies and be untruthful; see #1074, also from Waycross
          (entry 1391, cylinder 1740:1)
          This man did not make his own hands, but, with his uncle,
          consulted the same "root man" twice. The first time he
          wanted help with the Bolito, an illegal policy-like lottery
          game wih connections to Cuba. In the narrtive it is implied
          that he was not looking for luck in winning but was working
          as a gambler, possibly as a policy writer or runner for the
          numbers racket). The root worker and his wife were located
          in Florida. The doctor read palms and the couple seemingly 
          performed an act of prestidigitation with a live snake, after 
          which the doctor made up a root bag for gambling for $8.00; 
          a rite of circumambulation and recital of the 23rd Psalm set
          it working. Later, due to the police giving him trouble over
          his bootlegging and gambling activities, the man sought out
          the same worker again and, for another $8.00" was given a
          "law keep away" type hand, a jomo or "jomoo." Said the
          informant, "During de time dey [the police] supposed to
          travel dat beat, jes' roll mah jomoo an' dey'd pass on by
          ... ah tried it an' it worked."
          (entry 249, cylinder 1874:9)
    #1150 - #1153
    #1154 - [-] 
          burn black chicken feathers to drive away evil spirits
          (entry 1175, cylinder 1892:4)
          a new shingle will keep a witch or evil spirit away
          (entry 10466, cylinder 1892:9)
    #1157 - [-] 
          Tie 7 or 9 or any odd number of knots to cause a man to be
          impotent with other woman. Hyatt commented on the fire in his hotel
          room on this day: "Fire in grate cracks, a cold rainy day. ... That 
          fire in the grate cracked all day and I wore a long overcoat all day 
          while interviewing! The rosin in the pinewood did the cracking."
          (entry 10245, cylinder 1928:4)
          Mistletoe dressed with Hearts [Hoyt's] Cologne protects against enemies
          (entry 1387, cylinder 1928:7)
March 6 - March 7, 1939

In the middle of the next root doctor's letnthy interview, Hyatt noted
the date; however, he spoke the informant's number wrong; it was
#1158, "Dr. Yousee" -- not #1156. Hyatt said:

		(My cylinders ran out.)  [This comment at end of cylinder.]
    	[He continues next day.]
     	(Testing the stylus, Waycross, Georgia, Tuesday, March 7, 1939.)
     	(Last night I sent No.1156 home before he had finished, because 
     	I had run out of material, and told him to come back this morning.  
     	Edward tells me that he is waiting outside and we shall begin with 
     	the story about burying the egg - probably will have him tell it 
     	over again.  That means a continuation of No. 1156.)
    #1158 - [-] 
          A professional male root doctor; Hyatt referred to him as
          "Dr Yousee" because he often interjected "you see" into his
          speech. Hyatt believed him to have been a preacher, because
          he quoted scripture often. He worked with the spirits of 
          O. L. Young and L. L. Young (probably graveyard spirits). He
          worked quite extensively with plants, and he also told Hyatt
          that he ordered spiritual supplies from the Keystone
          Company. He is given a full interview in Vol. 2 1171 - 1220
          that runs from C320:3-C346:1 = 1091-1927 and two more of his
          spells were broken out and used in other portions of HCWR.
          Both of these latter entries utilize living plants. 
          To run an enemy off, put a green leaf in a bottle, then go where he
          is and call his name; when he answers, stop up the bottle, carry it 
          to running water and throw it in; the green leaf is "to hold his voice"
          (entry 10414, cylinder 1929:2) 
          Get roots from three sides of a fig tree, east, south, and north [not 
          from the west as that would "carry you down'] and carry it in your 
          pocketbook for luck and protection; some will say to add Hearts [Hoyt's]
          Cologne, but that is not necessary; the fig roots are enough
          (entry 1247, cylinder 1929:4)          
    #1159 - [-] 
          tie a knot in the bed rags after he get through with 
          them; he can't run out after no other woman
          (entry 10239, cylinder 1934:3)
          kill a bat, cut the heart out and dry it, then sew it into 
          pure red silk cloth and keep it in your pocket for gambling 
          luck; this is a variant of a German folk-magic spell            
          printed in "Pow-Wows or the Long Lost Friend" by John George Hohman; 
          see also informant #1134
          (entry 10584, cylinder 1934:2)          
    #1160 -
    #1161 - [-] 
          devil's shoe string and Hoyt's Cologne in gambling mojo
          (entry 1829, cylinder 1936:8)
    #1162 - [-]
          mix black hen feathers with sulphur and bury under doorstep 
          for protection and to run off trouble and harm 
          (entry 1180, cylinder 1938:3)
    #1163 - [-] 
          to cure a person who is poisoned and hopping like a frog, 
          capture a young buzzard from a nest and keep it in a secret
          place, feed it and collect both its excrement and its
          vomit; combine these in a cloth sack affixed to a belt for the 
          patient to wear; as the material hardens, the poison will
          go into it and he will be cured
          (entry 1154, cylinder 1941:3)       
    #1164 (my approximation) 
  March 8, 1939
    #1165 - [-], "the Patient Doctor", a man with a wooden leg
          who came 9 miles from the country to see Hyatt and waited
          from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 a.m., thus his nickname, because he
          was so patient. He stood up and acted out or demonstrated much  
          of his work, and his acting ability "impressed" Hyatt greatly.
          to control, draw for love, or to harm use human hair, handkerchief, 
          hair from horse's tail, "Hearthorn cahlum" [Hoyt's Cologne], name 
          paper, gold-eye needle, blood from root worker's thumb, buried at 
          crossroad where victim walks;
          to control woman's nature use handkerchief, spit, sexual fluid, 
          Mercury dime, wrapped, buried or hidden in floor crack 
          to end relationship with a woman, get lizard root (long black root
          that grows straight down and looks like a lizard), wrap unwashed 
          menstrual piece or soiled underwear around it and tie with cotton 
          string, tying away, and abusing her name as you wrap, bury flat in 
          dirt where she will step over
          to stop a woman from running around and keep peace in the home, use 
          scorpion root and her hair tied with nine knots in silk thread
          to control a woman and keep her at home, stick two new gold-eye needles
          into her incoming foot track, eye up so they cross like and X, then 
          surround the track with nine new straight pins driven straight down 
          to move someone, stick nine goldeye needles in the dirt point up where
          the enemy will walk over 
          recurrent New Moon trick in well water to cause stomache pain, loss of
          appetite, and vomiting
          Described Volume One, page 969;
          Interview Volume Two, pages 970 - 992, 
          cylinders C362:1 - C375:2a = 1943:1 - 1956. 
    #1166 - [-] seems to have been a literate female midwife who read 
          books on occultism, as evidenced by both spells and speech          
          kill a bat, cut the heart out, tie it up in silk cloth, and  
          tie a silk string to it; bind it to your left wrist for  
          gambling luck; this is a variant of a German folk-magic spell            
          printed in "Pow-Wows or the Long Lost Friend" by John George Hohman; 
          see also informant #1134 of Waycross, Ga., for a similar 
          reference to Hohman's book. 
          (entry 10589, cylinder 1959:1)
          using a needle, pin, or nail, scratch the Psalm containing 
          the Hebrew letter Vau (vav) in a brand new tin pan and keep it 
          hidden to control someone. Hyatt was unclear, but this is an
          adaptation of a Jewish spell from The Secrets of the Psalms by Godfrey Selig
          This book was sold by Jewish mail order houses to African 
          American conjure workers from about 1910 oneard.
          (entry 9783, cylinder 1959:8)
          if a woman can't pass her afterbirth, set her over [not in]
          a pan containing hot water and chicken feathers; similar to 
          treating a prolapsed uterus with dog feces as given by 
          informant 1135, who was also living in Waycross, Ga. 
          (entry 1179, cylinder 1960:7)
          to restore nature, mop floors with diluted bluestone water, bathe 
          in sweet milk
          (entry 3701, cylinder 1961:7)
          to cure disease and take off witchcraft, catch a frog and have the 
          sick person spit three times and blow three times into the frog's 
          mouth, then throw the frog over the left shoulder and say the 23rd
          Psalm; don't let the frog return toward the person; similar to asthma
          cure by informant 1073, who was also living in Waycross, Ga. 
          (entry 1283, cylinder 1961:13)
    #1167 - [-] take the heart from a live bat and sew it in new Sea Island 
          [cotton] cloth, making each stitch toward yourself; carry for luck; 
          this is a variant of a German folk-magic spell            
          printed in "Pow-Wows or the Long Lost Friend" by John George Hohman; 
          see also informant #1134, another resident of Waycross, Ga. 
          (entry 10582, cylinder 1964:2)
    #1125 - [-] "The Laughing Doctor" part two (see above); her 
          second session sandwiched in between informants #1167 and #1168 
          cylinders C384:1 - C392:5 = 1965 - 1973 
    #1168 - [-] 
          run a person crazy by threading their hair in a 
          catfish's gill and turning the catfish loose n the water
          (entry 5872, cylinder 1974:1)
          another way to run a person crazy: make an upward slice in a
          green growing oak tree, insert person's hair; when tree grows
          over and heals itself, person goes crazy and the spell can;t
          be undone because the hair is sealed in the tree
          (entry 6241, cylinder 1974:3)
  March 9 or 10 (my approximation)
    #1169 - 1173 unaccounted for; probably Waycross, GA
Brunswick, GA

  March 11, 1939 (Saturday)
    #1174 - [-]
    #1175 - #1182
  March 13, 1939 (Monday)
    #1183 - [-], 
          (entry 916)
    #1184 - #1204
  March 14, 1939 (Tuesday)
  Hyatt found "the hotel more conducive" for interviewing; see 
  Volume One, page XXXVI.
    #1205 - [-]
    #1206 - [-] Informant well spoken and an organized thinker.
          Told how to collect graveyard dirt from various spirits
          (entry 1308, cylinder 2033:5)
          Mentioned having read books on occultism
          (entry xxx, cylinder 2034:2)            
    #1207 - #1211
    #1213 - [-] An elderly ex-clergyman, born in Goldsboro, NC
            but iving in Brunswick, GA. Hyatt called his interview 
            "Tomb of de Babe of Bethlehem" after one of the religious 
            spells he related. Hyatt also called him "long-winded" and
            "sincere" -- and re-recorded over his cylinders, losing a portion 
            of the interview. The ex-clergyman did not do any sort of evil
            work, but described it when Hyatt requested: 
          To make people move, that's jomoo work. That's the jomoo work[er]
          that does that. He does that with snake charms. The snake charms 
          are made by workers who go to the woods, kill snakes, take three
          drops of their blood and some of their bones, parch the mixture 
          to dust and sprinkle it under the doorstep or inside the rooms to
          force people to move out. If a man has a wife and another fellow 
          wants her and he goes to a jomoo man, that will result in a court
          case, due to the actions of "evil jomoo man" and his "poison dust."
          In the old days this was called cunjure or cunjering. 
          There is a great deal more in this interview. 
          Interview Volume Two, pages 1325 - 1335, 
          cylinders C469:3 - C478:5 = 2050 - 2059. 

    #1214 - #1223
    #1224 - [-]
          Told a graveyard dirt spell to move people out 
          (entry 7897, cylinder 2030:3) (cylinder # out of order)
    #1225 - #1229

Savannah, GA ???

  March 18, 1939 

    #1230 - [-]
          (cylinder C506 = 2087) In the introduction, Hyatt labelled
          this as the first cylinder in Savannah, but there are 
          problems with the ordering of cylinders at #1224 (above), 1249,  
          and #1236 (below). The latter two are identified as interviewed 
          in Brunswick, not Savannah. This section requires more checking. 
          Hyatt may have misremembered. 

Brunswick, GA  

    #1231 - #1235
    #1236 - [-] male informant was a professional root doctor who swore 
          Hyatt to secrecy regarding tricks and methods.
          (Vol.2, pp.1126-1127 -- where interview is said to have 
          taken place in Brunswick, not Savannah; this needs checking. 
           -- cylinders C509:7 - C519:1 = 2090:7 - 2100:1)
    #1237 - #1240

  March 20, 1939 
    #???? - [-]
          (cylinder C519=2100)
    #1249 - [-] [probably a man, due to subject matter and way it
          it is described] Wrap from one to three right-side wings 
          of a bat in a packet and moisten with Hoyt's Cologne for
          gambling luck -- interview is said to have 
          taken place in Brunswick, not Savannah
          (entry 1717, cylinder 2123:7]
    #1250 - #1251
Savannah, GA (second trip) 

  March 21, 1939
    #1252 - [-]
          (cylinder C543=2124)
    #1253 - #1256
    #1257 - [-] "A Woman of Substance," a 250 lb. female root
          doctor. She was Edward Bufford's landlady in Savannah, GA. 
          Interview Volume Two, pages 1268 - 1276, 
          (cylinders C550:3 - C555:1 = 2131 - 2136)
    #1259 - [-], cylinder [C558:1 = 2139]
    #1260 - [-] carry salt in bag and sprinkle loose salt in tracks 
          of bossman to get a job
          (entry 1260, cylinder 2140:4]
    #1261 - [-] said that brick pepper and salt is goofer dust 
          (entry 677, cylinder 2144:5)
    #1262 - #1263
    #1264 - [-] graveyard dirt spell for the coercive return           
	      of a lost lover 
	      (entry 7819, cylinder 2145:11)
    #1266 - [-] wipe black hen egg with wet new cloth, ball cloth up,
          sew inside man's pillow, he can't go with another woman
          (entry 10235, cylinder 2146:9)
    #1267 - #1281
    #???? - Edward Bufford, Jr.; "conversation"; 
          (cylinder C594:1 = 2175:1)

New York City, NY

  Hyatt briefly returned to his home in New York City, NY.

Florence, SC

  Interviews were conducted at the home of Henry Tillins or
  Timmins, aka H. L. Timmons. (The confusion was Hyatt's, 
  not his host's!)
  March 31, 1939 (Friday)

    #1282 - [-], 
          cylinder [C599=2194]
    #1283 - (see #1293)
    #1284 - #1285 
    #1286 [-] Cure snake dust poisoning through the feet with 
          graveyard dirt
          (entry 1322, cylinder 2185:8)
    #1287 - #1290
  April 1, 1939
    #1291 - Henry L. Tillins/Timmins/Timmons, at whose home the 
          interviews were being conducted
          cylinder [C639=2220]
    #1292 - [-] 
    	  get away spell: curse and sweep away foot tracks
    	  (entry 5778, cylinder 2191:10)
    #1293 - [-] 
          3 Devil's shoe strings, 9 shell shots, 1 lodestone
          in a mojo bag for luck, dressed with perfume
          (entry 1830, cylinder 2194:7) 
    #1294 - [-] how to use graveyard dirt to make someone sleep 
          (entry 7167, cylinder 2195:3)
    #1295 - [-] 
          how to collect graveyard dirt
          (entry 1309, cylinder 2196:5)
    #1296 - #1305
    #1306 - [-] 
          identified goofer dust as "graveyard clay" 
          (entry 661, cylinder 2211:1)
    #1307 - #1311
    #1312 - [-} "A Doctor at Ease" -- he was quite comfortable telling 
         Hyatt his tricks and assumed that Hyatt was interested in
         learning. He gave hundreds of tricks in rapid succession 
         ("Now you listen good, now") and often used the formula "By the 
         help of the Lord" in his petitions. At the end of his interview
         he mentioned a local white conjure named Doctor Harris and he 
         also told Hyatt that "all" the Doctor Buzzards were now dead. 
         Hyatt pronounced him "pretty good" as an informant. He have 
         information on the use of Moon signs and Moon phases. 
         Vol. 2 pg. 1024 (cylinders C644:2-C655:2 = 2225-2236)
    #???? - [-], funeral (end of "Doctor at Ease" or unnumbered person?)
          (cylinder C655 = 2236)

  April 6, 1939 (Wednesday)

    #1313 - [-], the funeral is over, 
          (cylinder C655 = 2236)
          Discussion of the numbers racket or Policy, a local name for 
          which was "the Cotton Exchange," see Volume One, page XXXVII. 
          (cylinder C708 = 2289) [must put on the web!]
     #1314 - #1320
     #1321 - [-] graveyard dirt, dirt dauber wasp nest, cooking salt, 
          and sulphur in a blown-out egg under house for protection
          (entry 1218, cylinder 2265:7)
Sumter, SC

  c. April- May, 1939

    #1348 - [-] graveyard dirt for protection 
          (entry 1310, cylinder 2330:8)
    #1349 - #1356
    #1357 - [-] 65 year old man, rootworker, former medicine show performer. 
          Among many other things, he told how to create live things in a
          victim with fried tadpoles in whiskey and also related how
          he had seen "the old original Dr. Buzzard" (a "big, fat black
          man") remove frogs from the legs of a Sumter resident named
          Peter Blake. He is a coherent and well-spoken informant.      
          About him Hyatt wrote "[Informant 1357, like ZORRO later in
          INTERVIEWS, was a former member of a two-man medicine show.
          The old-fashioned medicine show, now for years illegal, was
          a travelling person or persons, colored or white, giving a
          free entertainment to promote the sale of a cure-all. These
          performers -- depending on speed, surprise and suggestion --
          never stayed, could not stay long anywhere. No wonder
          informant advises me not to take too long tuh find de black
          cat, but tuh ketch any cat and paint it black -- his
          shoe-polish suggestion reminding me of OPERATION SHOE POLISH
          in INTERVIEWS. How daring and effective an act can be at or
          near the beginning of the show has already been described in
          749, p.251. To start the show in this fashion was the work
          of my informant, a magician. I must also include here a show
          during which medicine was not sold, but private
          consultations were offered afterward -- see POWER FROM
          BROTHER'S SKULL, p.283.  That whiskey quotation I consider
          memorable. At least he explains why whiskey has a way of
          disappearing from a bottle. His material is on cylinders
          C795:1-C807 = 2376-2388.] (Vol. 2, page 1097, cylinders
          C795:1 - C807 = 2376 - 2388.) (I would only note that
          although the FDA sought to curtail medicine shows after
          passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act 1906, such medicine
          shows were still ongoing for years following; a number of
          1920s - 30s Memphis musicians played in medicine shows when
          not performing in town, and i am sure the same applied in
          South Carolina.) 
    #1358 - #1372
    #1373 - [-] a professional female doctor whom Hyatt called "Cautious Healer."
          She made her own medicines. Hyatt remarked that she was "nervous"
          and disturbed about being interviewed, and that she knew
          "quite a lot of stuff but didn't want to tell it all today."
          He also described her as "a huge fat woman, something like
          Humpadee up at Richmond, Virginia. [Also the Laughing Doctor
          at Waycross, Georgia]." She began wih a foot track death
          spell; then gave a fidelity-controlling spell, protection
          spell; house protection, breaking up a friendship; return of
          estranged lover; undoing hoodooed nature; job getting;
          crossroads ritual ("sellling yurself to the devil"); how
          whirlwinds were created (a story she said she heard from a
          man while she herself was in "Bronx Park, [Manhattan], New
          York"); using a parched frog to "dwindle" and kill someone;
          how to get rid of live things and fits by burning patient's
          clothing (unusual live things cure); told of living in
          Raleigh, North Carolina two years earlier (1937) and
          attending a sick client in Wilmington, North Carolina; told 
          of a person with a "scrimp" (shrimp) in them as live thing
          (unusual); an African-retention rite of nailing 9 nails in a
          board, urinating on it and letting the sun rise on it to draw
          a wandering family member or friend home ("that's slow
          comin', but it'll come"); how to dream of the dead by means
          of a handkerchief and urine; how to kill a man with his
          measure and nine knots; how to run a man to the insane
          asylum by stuffing his hat in a stove pipe; killing people
          with menstrual blood; making a man financially compliant with
          menstrual blood; using a graveyard egg to kill so a man; how
          to cure alcoholism with Epsom Salts, Sage leaves, and
          Spicewood (the latter purchased from New York, Washington,
          or Philadelphia); how to use Snake sheds to make lightning
          and Rain Frogs to throw thunder; described "an Italian Fish"
          (a Squid) seen in New York; and how a woman can make a man
          separate from herself by feeding him her boiled underwear-water,
          thus killing his sexual interest in her, but causing him to
          remain friendly. Her material is on cylinders
          C850:1-C8854:8 = 2331-2335.] (Vol. 2, pages 1344 - 1351)
          Note that these cylinder numbrs are far out of order. They
          should logically fall around Informant #1349.)
    #1374 - #1380
    #1381 - [-]  spell to force a murderer to confess by twisting 16 
          knots in his shirt 
          (entry 7395, cylinder 2453:6)
    #1382 - #1386
    #1387 - A male professional root doctor; Hyatt called him "Courtroom
          Specialist" and noted, "[Perhaps I do this middle-aged man
          an injustice, limit his talents by calling him a courtroom
          specialist, but my reason for the label -- he is one of the
          few doctors I met or heard about who actually attended
          trials. The legendary Doctor Buzzard of Beaufort [Bu'fert],
          South Carolina, never appeared before a judge; instead, he
          sent a dressed animal to do the work -- so it is said. My
          informant claimed no such ability; he merely dressed the
          animal and turned it loose in the courtroom - so he
          admitted. Our conversation ends with his account of the
          amazing Doctor Buzzard -- read this, if nothing else. [For
          Doctor Buzzard see p. 1414 and references there.] This
          interview of informant 1387 fills cylinders C885:1-C902:4 =
          2366-2383.] {This very long Interview runs in Vol.2,   
          pp.1423 - 1449 -- a full 18 cylinders or 27 jam-packed pages!}
          To hurt someone put their hair in a bottle with 9 pins, 9
          needles, their name name written 9 times, and Ammonia; bury
          in a grave 6" deep calling your desire. To run a person
          crazy catch a Pike or other fish, stuff their fair in its
          mouth and turn it loose in the water. To send someone away
          crazy, their hair, dog hair cat hair, horse tail hair folded
          together and thrown into running water. For desire; head
          hair, public hair, sugar, wrapped in chewing gum; or pull
          out public hair and tie together with four 4" pieces of
          Devil's Shoe String; carry in pocket. Bury person's picture
          under the steps head down (or tack to step) to keep them
          hanging around. Call absent person to you with silver dollar
          in warm water, stand their picture upside down (head down)
          and call them. Drive away with their photo, 9 matches, 9
          pinches graveyard dirt, 9 pinches Sulphur, their name,
          bundle and throw into running water. Call what you want on a
          person by piercing their photograph with 9 pins at North,
          West, and South portions (not to East); bury 6" deep in a
          murdered an's grave and call your wish. Draw person in 9
          days by dipping their picture in your urine 9 times and
          calling their name. Kill within 9 days by shooting shotgun
          shell loaded with a (silver) dime at picture of victim stuck
          in forks of a Hickory tree at sunrise. Court case win with
          any egg except from a Black hen, write prosecutor's name 9
          times, with letter "J" on each name, break at crossroads at
          3:00 am; winn court case by drawing a cross in a crossroads,
          digging a 3" deep trench, burying prosecutor's name in 3" of
          Salt, stamping on it . Uncrss client with Camphor, Cornmeal,
          Salt rub-down, discard at crossroads at midnight. Attract
          someone by burning your left shoe with Dragon's Blood and
          Sulphur at a crossroads. Trouble a person with their name 9
          times and the letter "J" on a black Hen's egg, placed at
          crossroad; when it gets broken, their troubles begin.
          Protecion with salt and ashes from burned old clothes in
          shoes; with dime and stone from fish head in each shoe.
          Protection dressing for feet with water from running stream
          over which 119th Psalm is said, then mixed with Olive oil;
          anoint feet; this also runs enemy crazy, like running
          stream. Jinx-killer powder made from ashes from burning your
          old clothes mixed with Salt. Cure live things with 14th
          chapter of the Book of Job recited in a graveyard, switching
          head and foot boards of grave, and asking spirit for help.
          To control someone, burn your fingernail or toenail
          clippings, reduce to powder, and feed to victim. Ruin
          someone with their fingernail and toenail clippings plus
          dirt from 3 graves; bury in a wicked grave. Use your
          foot-scrapings or under-fingernail dirt in their food to
          control them. Hot foot with their fingernails and toenails,
          duirt they walked in, Black pepper, Salt, Dog hair, Cat
          hair, thrown in running water at sunrise. Hot foot with
          person's foot track, Dog manure, white Dog hair, Cat rump
          hair, graveyard dirt, in a box with matches, (sulphur)
          thrown into running water. Drive someone crazy with dirt
          from 7 graves, Dragon;s Blood, Horse Hair, two kinds of Dog
          hair (Fox Terrier and german Shepherd), place on victim's
          clothing or where they will step over it. Use a long stick
          to sound a grave, ask spirit to help you, then leave stick
          for person to pick up to drive them insane; control someone
          with similar stick or stone at the crossroads by staying up
          all night and telling spirit what you want. Controllong
          bottle spell: 9 needles, 9 nails, 9 pails head-for-tail, add
          your urine;  call them by shaking bottle, control them by
          burying bottle in grave and calling on spirit to do the
          work. Attract someone with Poke root boiled and dressed with
          your urine and Hoyt's Cologne; tie their nature with a
          salted snail; several ways to tie man's nature with cloth or
          towel; atrtact and/or tie man's nature with dishcloth; you
          can then place it in his left elbow-pit and rub it and you
          can mock his impotence. Untie nature with stolen dishcloth.
          Untie nature by each day for 9 days cooking a red onion,
          salt, pepper, lard, and an egg, and rubbing up to the navel;
          then steal a red onion and carry for luck until it wears
          out. Break a couple up with man's name on Black Hen's egg 9
          times, woman's name over it 9 times, letter "J" on each
          name, and circles on ends of egg; make them fight and
          quarrel with graveyard dirt and dog and cat hair thrown at
          their door; break them up with dog and cat hair and letter
          "J" on paper buried in graveyard, or with shotgun blast
          packed with dog and cat hair and "bad" graveyard dirt; keep
          husband asleep by hanging your underpants over his head, by
          putting his left shoe in a basin of water under the bed or
          by standing his shoes upside down, keep him away while lover
          is in the house by standing lover's shoes upright against
          the door; stick two people together like dogs by use of
          dried dog's liver; eparate people who are stuck like dogs
          (from hoodoo) by throwing water on them or by touching their
          left feet with a needle; tie a man's nature with left-shoe
          dust or hat-band sweat and a snail, tie a man's nature with
          his hat-bow and body-measure; Rising-and-falling tidal water
          for calm and "raging" insanity utilizes a hat bow, fragment
          of grave headboard, and devil's shoe string, pegged into the
          river bottom and allowed to float up and down. Blindness by
          poisonous insect, parched, powdered, put in hat band or on 
          pillow; as they pass by cut their initials in the windowsill
          and the mess gets in their eyes; Rattlesnake dust used
          likewise; also dried and powdered Dog bitch milk. Hair
          grower pomade made with Toad Frog grease scented with any
          perfume. To return your luck at the New Year, bury a mirror
          under the eaves wher rain will fall with a penny on each
          corner, plus John the Conqueror Root, Adam and Eve Root, and
          Dragon's Bood. Bring back luck with Salt and Sulphur in
          face-washing water for 9 days. To make a person stay, take
          their socks or stockings, fill with 9 pins, 9 needles, 9
          nails, turn sole side up and hide it in the bed or in the
          house; or wrap same around 3 dmall files and bury under the
          steps; or using the same sock and files, draw a coffin in
          the dirt in front of your door, then bury the sock and files
          within the coffin-drawing and have them to walk over it; or
          put their sock in Whiskey or Salt and place same in the
          grave of one known to you and ask the spirit to make them
          come to you. Cause someone to lose their teeth by feeding
          them burned and powdered tooth of a dead person in candy or
          food. Sicken a woman to death with her menstrual cloth in a
          bottle with 9 pins, 9 needles, 9 nails, calling her name as
          you add each item; add her name written 9 times on paper,
          fill with water, bury 7" deep in a grave and tell the spirit
          what you want done. make a woman feeble and homebound by
          burying her menstrual cloth under the eaves where rain will
          fall on it; if buried under a horse trough in a stable or
          put in a Sweet Gum tree in the woods she will go crazy with
          incurable abdominal pain. Drive someone crazy or to death in
          9 days by boring a hole on the West side of a Sycamore,
          Cypress, or Oak tree, putting in their personal concerns,
          adding graveyard dirt, and tapping hole closed with a peg
          from the same tree for 9 days. Use the diuretic plant called
          Stone Grass [unknown species] to lock up urination or bowels
          by placing some in a copper pipe with the pictim's urin and
          stopping it up; same plant can also be used medicinally to
          cure stopped urine. Court case: cut upward pointing stick
          from near top of Willow tree, push it into a grave down to
          the coffin 3 times, wipe off dirt with silk handkerchief; go
          to court with stick as walking cane and handkerchief
          perfumes with any scent; when they speak against you, wipe
          your face with handkerchief and everyone will become sleepy
          and unable to listen to opposing arguments; when you are
          about to speak, take stick outside the court house and they
          will wake back up and listen to you. To win in court wear
          clothing inside out, carry Salt in right pocket, turn other
          pockets inside out; or pray to jesus, saying as Jesus went
          down to Jordan, i am going down to court today, and ask for
          help, because God said, "This is my beloved son, I am well
          pleased, hear ye him," so they will listen to you in court;
          also carry Devil's Shoe String and chew it. To cause a house
          to be struck by lightning, take a chip of wood from a
          lightning-struck tree, plus chips from 3 different wooden
          grave headboards, and a steel file, and throw them close to
          the house; works best in Summer. Put lightning struck wood
          behind a target and no one can hit it unless he has a piece
          of lightning struck wood in his pocket. A thief can put
          house residents into magical sleep in order to rob them if
          he makes a cross of lightning struck wood and a wood stick
          from a grave headboard, fist circumambulating the house,
          then entering. Short account of hags riding and whipping
          sleeping people in the old "antique" days. Call the spirts
          at a fork in the road (crossroads) at 3:00 am, and offer
          them salt in whiskey, which they like, and they will help
          you; if you are scared of the crossroads, you can do this at
          your own house. Boil a thief's handwriting to force him to
          return stolen items. Ejaculate on a person's handwriting,
          fold the paper toward you and hide it; they will always give
          you a helping hand. To make a person fail in everything,
          take a letter they wrote, burn off the four corners, mix ash
          with burned black Horse tail hair, graveyard dirt, Dog hair
          and Cat hair. To return a death spell to the sender after the
          victim dies, take the clothes the victim wore at death, fold
          them tight and place them in the coffin before the corpse is
          buried; likewise, to return a death spell after the victim
          has died, wash the corpse, save the wash water, put into a
          bottle with 9 pins and 9 needles, cut a groove in the cork
          to allow the water to slowly leak out; when it has finished
          leaking the murderer will die, even if the police cannot
          find him; or put a brand new open knife in the victim's left
          hand before burial to kill the murderer; another way is to
          get a 1 oz. bottle of Iodine, add 9 needles, 9 pins (laid
          head-to-tail), and 9 drops of Black hen's blood, bury the
          bottle with the murder victim and the murderer will die. To
          make a murderer confess, turn the victim on his face before
          burial; or take a needle that has been used to sew shrouds
          and pass it through the dean personson;s clothes, calling
          the murderer to come back. To stop dogs from tracking you,
          rub the soles of your feet with Turpentine, Cow manure, or
          Ammonia. A murderer can elude capture by going to the grave
          of his victim, walking around it 3 times, and swtiching the
          wooden headboard and footboard. Gambling luck: Toad Frog,
          Dragon;s Blood, John the Conquer root, 3 pinches of dirt
          from the grave of a businessman, whose spirit you talk to,
          collected in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy
          Ghost at 12 noon or 12 midnight, wrap in chamois cloth, sew
          all around, carry in left pocket; this breaks others' tricks
          and brings luck. Gambling hand: Mercury (Quicksilver),
          Lodestones, stone from the head of a Shad fish. Lodestones
          keep away evil; different kinds: from Eagle's nest, from
          Raven's head, and the one from the Eagle's nest is finest
          for gambling. Gambling hand: pay 30 pennies for dirt from a
          beggar's grave, head, chest, and foot. But needles and wrap
          three of them with red thread into a cross shape, then sew
          in chomois cloth; this charm can be sold for 50 cents each.
          Business drawing sprinkle: Jasmine vine boiled, to which is
          added Cinnamon Oil; bottle it and sprinkle around bulding;
          alternatively, Cinnamon Oil and Sweet Fennel Oil in a quart
          of water, stoppered. Business drawing and anti-jinx
          sprinkle: Sulphur and Cinnamon in water; also burn Sulphur
          to draw customers. Law keep away: Dragon's Blood, Flax Seed,
          camphor, Salt, manure from a white Horse, graveyard dirt
          from the foot of a grave; sprinkle around premises. Story of
          a bootlegger whose house and Dog were fixed; she was forced
          to move, and the Dog became a roamer. To overcome prosecutor
          in a court case, bind to young Hickory bushes together, call
          the accusor's name, and stamp down (do not cut down) the
          bushes, then throw a pinch of Salt on them; throw Salt in
          the direction of the prosecutor before leaving home for
          court, invoking Lot's wife, who was turned into a pillar of
          Salt because she looked back; mix Dirt Dauber nest with Love
          powders, Salt, and Pepper, and sprinkle where the jurors
          will walk, and when the janito's sweep up, they will throw
          this out and the case will be thrown out ecause Dirt
          Daubers, once the young are grown, they leave the nest and
          never return. To make a man stay, mix Dirt Dauber nest,
          Dragon's Blood, and Adam and Eve Root; carry in a bag; dirt
          from an empty nest will cause him to favour you; dirt from a
          full nest will cause him to love you (and have a family?).
          Ashes from burned female public hair mixed with Love powder,
          served in milk or soft drink holds a man. Goofer is greyard
          dirt mixed with dust from a poisonous insect. Imerfectly
          related job security or Boss Fix spell with Devi's Shoe
          String, John the Conqueror Root, Eve and Adam Root, St. John
          Root (St. John's Wort), and John Peace root, which gows in
          the woods and looks like Garlic. Mix those with perhume, use
          on your hands, talk to boss while also having Devil's Shoe
          String piece in mouth, look him in the eye.
          Plus about 50-60 more i don't have time for right now, and
          concluding with tales of various people calling themselves 
          Dr. Buzzard, including that the first Doctor Buzzard was a 
          White man: He was ovah there. Ah know him from 1908.
          [We talk while my machine was stopped, and then.]
          (And he was the real Doctor Buzzard?)
          De - he de real Doctor Buzzard.
          (At Florence?)
          (I talked with one of the men that worked for Harrison.) [Harris.]
          Yeah, he was de real Doctor Buzzard - in Florence, yo' know.
          (He was a white man?)
          [He had said this while machine stopped.]
          A white man - a white man lived three mile outa Florence.
          Have you talked with many white people who do this kind of work?
          Round in this part of the country? Doing this sort of thing? Root 
          working and things of that sort?)
          A good many, a good many. A good many won't tell it, yo' know.
          (End of 1387.)
          [For Doctor Buzzard, see also p.891, especially the amazing story in
          No. 3069; and p. 1255, line 7.]

          (cylinders C885:1-C902:4 = 2366-2383) Note that cylinders 
          are again out of order. 

Fayetteville, NC

  c. May - June 1939

    #1391 - [-] an informant who told about goofering for love
          (entry 659, cylinder 2496:8)
    #1392 - 1394
    #1395 - [-] a "root doctor" who discussed goofer dust 
          (entry 657, cylinder 2506:12)
    #1396 - [-] 
          using the wing of a bullbat (whippoorwill) to bring 
          confusion to a household (bullbats fly erratically)
          (entry 10600, cylinder 2514:3)
          discussed goofer dust as snake heads
          (entry 670, cylinder 2532:4) (this c. number seems wrong;
          bury cloth man wiped self with under eaves to keep him home
          (entry 10233, cylinder 2977:13) (this c. number seems wrong;
          either that or the informant # is wrong or out of order)
    #1397 - [-] 
          graveyard dirt, red pepper powder, sulphur powder, 
          and table salt in a packet in shoe protects from jinxing
          (entry 9604, cylinder 2515:5)
    #1398 - #1399
    #1400 - [-] 
    #1402 - [-] 
          tear the front out of dress and bury, kill woman's nature
          (entry 10231, cylinder 2524:1)    
    #1403 - #1411
    #1412 - [-] 
          gave a foot-track spell to keep the police away
          (entry 2224, cylinder 2539:5)
    #1413 - [-] 
          told a story about a preacher who used goofer dust 
          (entry 658, cylinder 2541:1)
    #1415 - [-] 
          gave crossroads stories, which Hyatt broke into two parts
          (entry 340, cylinder 2528:3)
          (entry 354, cylinder 2547:3)
    #1416 - #1424
    #1425 - [-] 
          dime at ankle plus graveyard dirt, red pepper, and sulphur 
          in your shoes protects from tricks
          (entry 1321, cylinder 2570:10)
    #1426 - [-] (Probably a woman, based on the spells given)
          to see the future husband, place three unlighted
          matches in each of a pair of his shoes, cross the
          shoes like a letter "t" and then sleep on them to
          divine through a dream if he will marry you
          (entry 591, cylinder 2572;13)
          wipe man after sex with handkerchief 3 times upward, then
          place handkerchief on floor overnight, pick it up in morning; 
          do this nine nights (27 upward wipes), then hide handkerchief;
          man cannot have other women, but she can have other men
          (entry 10238, cylinder 2459:1) (this c. number wrong or out of order)
    #1427 - #1430 
    #1431 - [-] 79 year old male (born circa 1860), known as a "See-er," 
          born gifted; nicknamed "Dad" due to his age. He referred to 
          hoodoo as "witchcraft" or "'craft work" and described hands-on 
          methods to break up 'craft work. Interview at Vol. 2, pg.1048, 
          cylinder C1001:1-C1008:1 = 2482-2489. (this c. number wrong or out of order) 
    #1432 - #1437
    #1438 - [-] gave a crossroads story 
          (entry 341, cylinder 2581:1)
Wilson, NC

  c. May - June 1939

    #1455 - [-] A man who told how women capture men by feeding them  
          menstrual blood in coffee or mollasses bread. 
          (entry 3881, cylinder 2645:5.]
    #1456 - 1466
    #1467 - [-] put graveyard dirt on the wound where a person bit you  
          and their teeth will rot out
          (entry 1320, cylinder 2651:14)
    #1468 - #1496
    #1497 - [-] 
          (entry 877, cylinder 2665:13)
    #1499 - [-] waning moon spell: "Take de snail an' put it on a corn, 
          an' jes' rub it on de corn when de moon's a shrinkin', an' dat 
          corn will leave dat foot."
          (entry 1563, cylinder 2667:22.)
    #1500 - #1505
    #1506 - [-] "... take your old shoes and burn 'em so no one kin jomo 
          work yo'. Yo' always have good luck at chure home."
          (entry 1505, cylinder 2673:9)
    #1507 - [-] recipe for goofer dust 
          (entry 671, cylinder 2675:6)
    #1513 - [-]
          graveyard dirt from over the heart of a sinner's grave, red pepper,
          sulphur, salt; sew into red flannel, lay it away in the east corner 
          of the yard -- that will drive someone away. To cure the condition, 
          the victim would make a tea of the same ingredients and drink it. 
          The same mixture thrown into a well kill live things that were put
          there by a root doctor to harm anyone drinking from the well. 
          (entry 705, cylinder 2679:13) 
Memphis, TN (second trip)

  Interviews were conducted at the home of Mrs. [-] Jones. Hyatt's driver, 
  Edward Bufford, Jr., stayed at her house too.

  October 24, 1939
    #1516 - first recording in this location began with this informant #
    #1517 - 1524
    #1525 [-] (Probably a woman, based on the spells given)
          Bottle - Measurement of Man Worn In
          Or, dey say, if yo' take de measure of
          yo', dat will stop him. He  cain't go
          wit anyone else. (In a small bottle.)
          (cylinder 2723:18).
    #1526 - 1528
    #1529 [-] (Probably a man, based on the spells given)
          If you have a wife that wont stay home, always ready to run off.
          Well, now if you can cut the hair off a dogs tail and get you some hair
          out of her head, and put that hair together and wrap it up in a flannel
          rag, and you bury that at the doorstep, and then all of them stay there.
          They won't leave.
          (entry 5853, cylinder 2733:10).
    #1530 - 1531
   October 30, 1939 (Monday)
    #1532 - [-] A 50 year old woman, professional rootworker. Hyatt wrote of her:
          [Informant 1532 says, "Ah wus troubled an' worried ovah life." What 
          she means, her allegory of the three rooms will illustrate. Eventually, 
          realizing that she could "Go no further than God have given power tuh 
          go," a new choice is made in the forks-of-the-road parable. She then 
          reenforces her lesson to me by telling "de sweetest story most evah heard."]
          ["Memphis, Tenn., Mon., Oct. 30, 1939 - 1532 - woman 50 - professional - 
          fair to good [[later I raised her rating]] - [[brought by]] new man & 
          Chicken" - Numbers Book 1516-1557. The new man is unremembered but Chicken 
          is a small-time hand-maker or root doctor. Ready Money, another professional 
          worker, who always had a little "ready money" on hand, first appears two 
          numbers later, 1534. For these nicknames given to doctors, see pp.293-294 
          and Doctor in Index.  The material is on cylinders D61:3 - D65:3 = 2744 - 2750.]
          This woman gave Hyatt one unusual recipe that Myrtle Collins #926/#1538
          also gave him (and charged him $10.00 for). #1532's version was not
          as structurally sound or as well presented as Collins' but the presumption
          is that they knew one another. The recipe involves a bath in Baking
          Soda, powdered Mustard, and another mineral (Salt in the case of #1532;
          Saltpeter in the case of Mrs. Collins #926/#1538).
          See Volume Two, pages 992-1024. 
    #1533 - 
    #1534 - [-] A man, professional rootworker, nicknamed "Ready Money" [See notes to #1532: 
          "Ready Money, another professional worker, who always had a little "ready money" 
          on hand, first appears two numbers later, 1534." Also called "Mojo Expert" by 
          Hyatt in his introduction. The man knew Hyatt had nearly been arrested the 
          last time he was in Memphis, and advised him how to work without a license, and 
          without business cards. Said Hyatt, "Do not miss his masterful account of the 
          Jack-Ball or Jack or Samuel with its channel de worl'  - roll, roll - all 
          addressed to the spirit dwelling in this fetish."] 
          "Yo' heah today an' yo' wants people tuh come heah
          an' yo' workin' secretly. Maybe yo' hasn't got on 
          yore wall whut's on mine an' yo' wants people tuh 
          come heah wit'out puttin' out cards. Yo' don't put 
          any cards out - don't advertise at all. Yo' sit 
          heah an' have 'em tuh come, see whut ah mean? 
          Dat's a man yo' supposed tuh be, a 'herb doctor,'
          a 'spiritual,' an' a 'herb doctor.'"
          See Volume Two, page 1248
          (cylinders D68:5-D90:3= 2751-2763).
    #1535 - 1537
    #1538 - Mrs. Myrtle Collins / Madam Collins of 651 Stephens St. (now 
          Stephens Pl.), a professional root worker, was interviewed here 
          for the second time (cylinders [D96:1 - D110-2 = 2779 - 2793) 
          She was the only person interviewed twice and given two 
          informant #s. 
          Her earlier interview was as informant #926; 
          (cylinders B45:19 - B51:1 = 1503 - 1509])
          See the entry at #926 for further details.
          See Volume Two, pages 992-1024.
          See "Notes on the Memphis hoodoo root worker Madam Myrtle Collins" 
          for further details and maps of her neighborhood.
  While in Memphis, Hyatt learned of the WPA work, then ongoing,
  of interviewing African-Americans. He discussed this on 
          (cylinder 2786:5) See Volume One, page ????? XXX
    #1543 - [-]
          write enemy's name on a piece of paper and soak it in chamber
          lye urine until dissolved, then throw on porch in the dead of '
          night and cause the enemy to move out
          (entry 4179, cylinder 2993:3) [possibly cylinder number is out of order]
    #1547 - [-] 
          (entry 1733, cylinder 2808:2)
    #1548 - #1551
    #1552 - [-] "to determine whether he should visit me, this 
          elderly rootman - informant 1552 - consulted his Jack-ball.  
          Fortunately for me the spirit of this fetish had sense enough 
          to answer that I could be trusted" (my introductory comment 
          for JACK-BALL MAN interview not yet paginated, which contains 
          the rite)" -- Hyatt's notes to informant #825
    #1553 - #1557

After leaving Memphis in November 1939, Hyatt probably spent the Holidays 
at home in NYC.

New Orleans, LA (second trip)

  This begins the "E-series" numbering of the recordings.

  February 14, 1940 (Wednesday)
  Hyatt stayed at the Hotel Saint Charles and recorded interviews
  at the Patterson Hotel which "had moved down the street" since 
  his first visit and was now a "transient hotel."  There was a 
  lot of reverberation in the rooms, making recording conditions
  "just about impossible."

    #1558 - [-], the wife of "Pegleg," who had been interviewed in
    	  New Orleans two years earlier, was the first interviewee  
    	  in New Orleans on this trip. 
    	  (cylinder E1 = 2833)
    #1559 - [-] The "Gifted Medium," a Catholic woman who repeatedly
    	  used the phrase "according to a form" and gave many, many
    	  spells employing saints as well as regular hoodoo tricks.
    	  She distinguished between working with saints or "medium 
    	  work" (her specialties) and "hoodoo work [where] they have 
    	  cards [for fortune telling] ... diff'rent kinda herbs an' 
    	  roots an' things of de sort, an' people brings ole 
    	  underclothes or ole stockin's or ole forms of things" -- 
    	  but she was very well versed in hoodoo nonetheless. She 
    	  called hoodoo "contact work" because it utilizes physical
    	  magical links (contacts) to the parties. She called the 
    	  usual method of re-tipping candles and burning them upside  
    	  down, "butting the light." She gave two harmful spells for
    	  work with doll babies, one of which included a coffin burial  
    	  rite. She also described in detail the practices and the 
    	  distinctive garments worn by members of the Spiritualist 
    	  churches in New Orleans and told how to work by the Moon. 
    	  Vol. 2, pg. 962. (cylinders E6:7-E19:3 = 2839-2852)
    #1560 - #1561
  February 15, 1940 (Thursday)

    #1562 - [-], "a man who worked at the Crackerjack Drug Store" 
          and talked about "powders," hence in Hyatt's terms "NG" 
          (no good). A missed opportunity to gather information
          about urban-style hoodoo.
    #1563 - [-]
          (cylinder E6:2 = 2839)
    #1564 - 1565
    #1566 - [-]  said that any powder is goofer dust! 
          (entry 674, cylinder 2871:7)

  February 19, 1940 (Monday)
  The weather was "horrible." Recording was conducted in the 
  Patterson Hotel. Hyatt caught a cold and had a fever.
    #1568 - [-] 
          (cylinder E45 = 2878)
    #1569 - #1574

Algiers, LA

  A man named Marshall was hired as a chauffeur and contact
  man. This man is also referred to as Mack, and so i
  consider it likely that Marshall is the proper first name
  of "Mack" Berryhill, the taxi driver whom he had hired the
  first time he was in NOLA, two years earlier) He picked
  Hyatt up in New Orleans every morning and took the ferry
  with him across the river to Algiers.

  February 21, 1940 (Wednesday) 
  It was Hyatt's birthday. His wife phoned him. He still had a 
  cold and fever and was seeing a doctor. Recordings were made at 
  the Eagle Eye Hall, 1700 Nunez Street, Algiers, La.
    #1575 - [-] first recording of the day
    #1576 -
    #1577 - [-] gambling hand: blacksnake root, devil's shoe
          string, John the Conqueror, cinnamon, Van Van perfume,
          silver dime, in chamois cloth
          (entry 1831, cylinder 2905:5)
    #1578 -
  February 22, 1940 (Thursday)
  The sun came out for the first time since Hyatt had arrived.
    #1579 - [-], first recording of the day
          (cylinder E75 = 2908)
    #1580 - #1583
    #1584 - [-] "Small-Time Worker" -- a elderly woman.
          Saint John's Water, Marie Baptists, and Marie Laveau. 
          [Algiers, La., (1584), 2955:1; elderly woman, small-time worker, who 
          could remember people filling bottles with St. John's water.  She 
          also gave the information in margin-title Marie Baptists and Marie 
         (cylinder 2955:1)
   February 23, 1940 (Friday)
    #1585 - [-] A 60 year old woman who wore sunglasses
          Hyatt called her "Dark Lady, Dark Glasses, Dark
          Deeds." In his introduction to her interview, he
          wrote: "[Dark glasses wore this dark lady who
          recounted dark deeds. They were the large,
          old-fashioned, inexpensive colored glasses - very
          dark indeed. She also had tied about her head a
          kerchief to complete the disguise. Did I see her as
          she appeared before patients in the consultation
          room? For dark glasses and kerchief, see my
          concluding comment; for dark deed, read. This
          elderly woman, informant 1585, filled cylinders
          E122:11 - E132:1 = 2955:11 - 2965:1. For location
          and description of Algiers, see ALGIERS in
          At the end of the interview transcription, 
          Hyatt described this informant as "Woman, 60 
          [years old] - excellent - colored eyeglasses"
          (End of 1585.)" He also mentioned her sun glasses 
          while testing his equipment the next day, February 24.    
          recorded on cylinders E122:11-E132:1 = 2955 - 2965
          (Her interview is in Vol. 2, pp. 1059 - 1075, 
          cylinders 2955 - 2965)
    #1586 - [-] As this  interview was conducted, a "colored 
          funeral" comprising 2,000 marchers went by, playing 
          Chopin's Funeral March.  
    #1587 -      
  February 24, 1940 (Saturday) 
  "Testing the stylus [of Telediphone], Algiers, Louisiana, 
  Saturday, February 24, 1940.  One woman who came here 
  yesterday, No. 1585, wore sun glasses and had a handkerchief 
  tied around her head in sort of a disguise. Next 1588."   
    #1588 -
    #1589 - Mrs. [-] Murray; Hyatt called her "Madam" 
          Murray, but she clearly refers to herself as 
          "Mrs." Murray. 
          (Her interview is in Vol. 2, pp. page 1276 - 1289,
          cylinders E1245:1 - E1252:2 = 2827:1 - 2834:2)
    #1590 - #1597
  February 27, 1940 (Tuesday) 
  "We are having our old difficulty again -- great crowds of
  people rushing in but none of them really knowing anything."
    #1598 - [-] ("actually #1597A") First recording of the day
    #1599 - Mack / Marshall; Hyatt's chauffeur in New Orleans.
          the use of May water to remove "burdens" (troubles). 
          (entry 986, cylinder 2915:1)
  February 28, 1940 (Wednesday) (Leap Year Day)

  The day began with cylinder E183:1 = 3016
    #1600 - 1601
    #1602 - [-] gave a graveyard dirt, egg yolk, and black candle  
          spell to move someone out. 
          (entry 10161, cylinder 3024:1) 


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